' : - ' - ' ' - NotaBene.ru
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the Journal > Requirements for publication > Editorial collegium > Editorial board > Peer-review process > Policy of publication. Aims & Scope. > Article retraction > Ethics > Online First Pre-Publication > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Man and Culture
Reference:

Between suffering and bliss: rollercoaster of emotions of the Tamil Shaiva Bhakti

Vecherina Ol'ga

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Mediation in Social Sphere, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

127051, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Sretenka, 29

o.p.vecherina@gmail.com

 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8744.2018.4.26753

Review date:

02-07-2018


Publish date:

30-08-2018


Abstract: The subject of this research is the range of primary emotions experienced by the medieval Tamil Shaiva bhakti poets who lived in the VI-IX centuries. A profound emotional and aesthetic component of their works and biographies became a part of Shaiva poetic canon “Panniru Thirumurai”, which has records of the new ritual of worshipping Shiva, notable for the heightened emotional involvement (bhakti) of believers. The canon retains its relevance in modern India, being the source of the daily religious practice. As a result, the author reveals the presence of a substantial range of emotions in the works of all primary authors of the canon – from contemptuous-depreciative up to the absolute bliss. The consciously cultivated heightened emotionality of the adept provoked the reaching of the vivid altered states of mind, including insanity as the pinnacle of emotional hierarchy. It is demonstrated that the achievement of such altered state became a necessary condition for following the path of bhakti-yoga and the main trigger launching the mechanisms of poetry writing and visualization of Shiva’s manifestations.


Keywords: madness, darshan, love, divine grace, Śaiva canon, bhaktas, emotions, insanity, poetic gift, bliss
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Vecherina O. Semantika samounichizheniya i voskhvaleniya v padigame Sundarara Sobranie [stikhov] o svyatykh rabakh [boga] // Khula i khvala. Kommunikativnye modal'nosti istoricheskogo i kul'turnogo svoeobraziya. M.: Nauka Vostochnaya literatura, 2017. S. 811-831.
2.
Vecherina O.P. Znachenie fenomena sumasshestviya v tamil'skom shaiva-bkhakti // Psikhotekhniki i izmenennye sostoyaniya soznaniya. Tret'ya mezhdunarodnaya nauchnaya konferentsiya. 19-21 marta 2015 g., Sankt-Peterburg. Sankt-Peterburg: Izdatel'stvo RKhGA, 2016. S. 281-295.
3.
Dubyanskii A. M. Tamil'skaya poeziya bkhakti. Vozniknovenie i rastsvet traditsii // Bychikhina L. V., Dubyanskii A. M. Tamil'skaya literatura. M.: Nauka, GRVL, 1987. S. 46‒68.
4.
Pavlova M. B. O tipologii bezumnogo povedeniya v russkoi i indiiskoi agiograficheskoi literature // The Russian Discourse in the Contemporary Intercultural Context. Univ. of Delhi, 2013. P. 255‒260.
5.
Pyatigorskii A. M. Materialy po istorii indiiskoi filosofii. M.: Izdatel'stvo vostochnoi literatury, 1962. 250 p.
6.
Epshtein M. Metody bezumiya i bezumie metoda // Epshtein M. Znak probela: O budushchem gumanitarnykh nauk. M.: NLO, 2004. C. 512540.
7.
Cutler N. Songs of Experience. The Poetics of Tamil Devotion. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1987. 211 p.
8.
Digital Devaram / By V. M. Subramanya Aiyar, J.-L. Chevillard, S. A. S. Sarma. Pondicherry: Institut Français de Pondichéry; Paris: École française dExtrême-Orient, 2007.
9.
Davis R. H. Chola Bronzes in Procession // The Sensuous and the Sacred. Chola Bronzes from South India / Vidya Dehejia with Essays by R. H. Davis, R. Nagaswamy and K. Pechilis Prentiss. New York: 2002. P. 46-63.
10.
Dehejia V. Slaves of the Lord. The Path of the Tamil Saints. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd., 2002. 206 p.
11.
Hardy F. Virāha-Bhakti: The Early History of Kṛṣṇa Devotion in South India. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1983. 714 p.
12.
Hudson D. D. Violent and Fanatical Devotion Among the Nāyaṉārs: A Study in the Periyapurāṇam of Cēkkiḻār // Criminal Gods and Demon Devotees. Ed. by Alf Hiltebeitel. New York: State University of New York Press, 1989. P. 373404.
13.
[Māṇikka-vāçagar] The Tiruvāçagam, or Sacred Utterances of the Tamil Poet, Saint, and Sage Māṇikka-vāçagar. The Tamil Text of the Fifty-One Poems with English Translation, Introductions, and Notes by the Rev. G. U. Pope. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1900. 354 p.
14.
McGlashan A. The History of The Holy Servants of the Lord Siva. A Translation of the Periya Purāṇam of Cēkkiḻār. Victoria: Trufford Publishing, 2006. 420 p.
15.
Pechilis K. Interpreting Devotion. The Poetry and Legacy of a Female bhakti Saint of India. London New York: Routledge, 2012. 249 p.
16.
Pechilis Prentiss K. The Embodiment of Bhakti. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. 265 p.
17.
Peterson I. V. Poems to Śiva. The Hymns of the Tamil Saints. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989. 382 p.
18.
Plutchik R. The Nature of Emotions // American Scientist. 2001. Vol. 89. P. 344‒350.
19.
Shulman D. D. Songs of the Harsh Devotee. The Tēvāram of Cuntaramūrttināyaṉār. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1990. 633 p.
20.
Tirumular. Tirumantiram. A Tamil Scriptural Classic. Tamil Text with Engl. Transl. and Notes by Dr. B. Natarajan. Gen. Ed. Dr. N. Mahalingam. Chennai: Sri Ramakrishna Math, 1991. 465 p.
21.
Thirumurai. Etext Preparation (Romanized/transliteration format) : T. Maltens and Colleagues. Koeln: Institute of Indology and Tamil Studies, University of Koeln. (Proekt Madurai 1999-2004) Dostupno po: http://www.shaivam.org/tamil/thirumurai/
22.
Vamadeva Ch. The Concept of vaṉṉaṉpu violent love in Tamil Śaivism with Special Reference to the Periyapurāṇam // Uppsala Studies in the History of Religions 1. Uppsala University, 1995. 139 p.
23.
Yokum G. E. Hymns to the Dancing Śiva. A Study of Maṇikkavācakar,s Tiruvācakam. Columbia: South Asia Books, 1982. 238 p.
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.


Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website