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Man and Culture

The image of Saint Jerome in the art of Venetian Renaissance and the ideal of contemplative recreation

Yaylenko Evgeny

PhD in Art History

associate professor at Lomonosov Moscow State University

119991, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Vorob'evy Gory, 1

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The subject of this research is a group of artworks of the Venetian Renaissance, united by depiction of the same creative theme – the image of Saint Jerome, Christian writer and priest, among the rural nature. Its composition in the local school is associated with the spread within Venetian society of the humanistic ideal of contemplative recreation, embodies in the image of the Saint, at times, identified with the persona of Renaissance humanist. Special attention is given to the works of the leading artists of the local school of painters – Giovanni Bellini, Lorenzo Lotto, Titian, which reflect the evolution of such image, since the influence of the principles of humanism, and later affected by ideological orientations of Counterreformation. The research method consists in examination of the various iconographic types of image of the Saint, giving special attention to the analysis of artistic construct of the demonstrated scene and principles of compositional organization surrounding the landscape, as well as the combination of landscape and human figure in format of a painting. The scientific novelty is defined by the fact that the author is first to trace the historical evolution of depiction of Saint Jerome in the Venetian art, as well as demonstration of appearance of the new iconographic scheme, which represented the Christian theologian contemplating among the nature, similar to a classical philosopher. Its realization was limited by the first two decades of the XVI century, after which the painters came back to depiction of Saint Jerome corresponding with the requirements of the religious dogmatics.

Keywords: Lorenzo Lotto, Giorgione, Giovanni Bellini, saint Jerome, landscape, painting, Renaissance, Venice, Titian, Northern Renaissance
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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