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Man and Culture

Succession and polemics of the meaning (“Fanny and Alexander” by Ingmar Bergman and “The Sacrifice” by Andrei Tarkovsky. Experience of comparing)

Monin Maxim Aleksandrovich

PhD in Philosophy

Docent, the department of Culturology, St. Tikhon's Orthodox University

109651, Russia, Moscow, Ilovayskaya Street 4, building #2, office #512




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The topic of this article is the movies “Fanny and Alexander” Ingmar Bergman and “The Sacrifice” by Andrei Tarkovsky. The subject of this research is their conceptual and structural interrelation. The author questions whether it is possible to view each movie as a so-called addendum with regards to another. The article thoroughly analyzes the temporal structure of the aforementioned movies, similarity and difference of their inner spaces, distribution of characters, and their meaning. The author also compares the circumstances under which the movies have been created. The article applies the method of phenomenological analysis (emphasizing the fact that a movie is given to the audience as a single temporal reality), as well as method of structural analysis (that views the relationship between characters as a certain landmark structure, which delivers a particular message to a spectator). A conclusion is made that both movies have the obvious similar features (beginning with the circumstances of their creation), as well as clear and less clear discrepancies. At the same time, it does not mean that “The Sacrifice” that came out four years later than “Fanny and Alexander” is a somewhat secondary or derivative with regard to it. It rather manifests as a two-sided latent discourse of the authors, their existential positions, and cultural traditions, into which both of them are inscribed in one or another way. 

Keywords: Sacrifice , Patricide, Father-son relationship, Antithesis, Catastrophe, Home, Family, Ordinary world, Homogeneity/heterogeneity of space, Cinematographic space/time
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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