Статья 'Типология личности в системе тибетской буддийской медицины ' - журнал 'Человек и культура' - NotaBene.ru
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Typology of personality within the system of Tibetan Buddhist medicine

Pupysheva Natalia Valentinovna

PhD in Cultural Studies

Scientific Associate, Laboratory of Wave Diagnostics of Living Systems of Institute of Physical Material Science of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

670000, Russia, the Republic of Buryatia, Ulan-Ude, Sakhyanovoi Street 6A, office #320

pnat13@rambler.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-8744.2016.6.21180

Review date:

22-11-2016


Publish date:

19-12-2016


Abstract: This article pursues correlation between the typologies of personality by Western authors and the typology of personality of the Tibetan Buddhist and Ayurvedic medical traditions that use a specific language for the personality typology description and interpretion in the context of the «great elements»  system (mahabhūta – earth, water, wind, fire), which on the physiological level is narrowed down to the notion of «three humors» of an organism (wind, bile, phlegm). Analyzing the original sources, the author demonstrates that these traditions base the typology of personality on domination in specificities of the body, physiological processes, and psyche of one or another "beginning" of an organism or its combinations. Comparing the principles of personality classification of such Western philosophers and psychologists as Kretschmer and Sheldon with the Tibetan Buddhists tradition in Ayurveda, this work illustrates that the foundation of views upon the typology of personality of the Buddhist and Ayurvedic medical traditions lies in the theoretically substantiated and verified by the century-long practice theory of personality that differs from the European in its description language, which in turn, is based on the alternate philosophical perception of the world.


Keywords: seven psychophysiological types, three humors of the body, system of great elements, psychological characteristics, body constitution, typology of personality, Tibetan Buddhist medicine, Ayurveda, temperaments, psychophysiological features of a personality
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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