Статья 'Типичное и индивидуальное в портретах духовенства кисти Б.М.Кустодиева.' - журнал 'Человек и культура' - NotaBene.ru
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Man and Culture

Typical and individual in portraits of the clergy by Boris Kustodiev

Shokolo Inessa Nikolaevna

post-graduate student of the Department of Universal Art History at Russian Academy of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture N. A. Ilya Glazunov

101000, Russia, Moscow, str. Myasnitskaya, 21

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Abstract:  This article is devoted to the insufficiently studied aspect of the creative work of Boris Kustodiev – the portraits of Russian clergy. The examined in complex composition, capture the period from 1901 through 1920: from the female portrait created during the school years in the Imperial Academy of Arts, custom ordered works and sketches, until the two sheets from the late water-color series “The Russian types”. The author suggests the application of the categories of “individual” and “typical” for the analysis of artistic images of priests and monks created by maestro. The paintings are presented in chronological order of their creation. The author carries out the stylistic and compositional assessment, which allows tracing the development and use of the coloristic and decorative principles as the main means of artistic expression within the traditions of the Russian realistic school. The scientific novelty marks the path of formation and perception by the artist of a clerical image from the individual characteristic of the model towards the generalized and important. In conclusion, the author defines the theme of the portrait of clergy in Kustodiev’s creative work as an intrinsic part of his outlook upon the “Russian” and the “national”.

Keywords: realism, Russian painting, Russian types, nun, Kustodiev, painting, individual and typical, clerical portrait, priest and deacon, publisher Aquilon
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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