Статья 'Обман как элемент повседневной культуры купечества (на материале ранней драматургии А. Н. Островского): источниковедческий аспект' - журнал 'Человек и культура' - NotaBene.ru
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Man and Culture

Deception as an element of everyday culture of merchantry (base on the material of the early dramaturgy of A. N. Ostrovsky): historiographical aspect

Brykina Yuliya

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Russian History, State and Law, National Research University of Electronic Technology

124498, Russia, Moscow, Ploshad Shokina 1

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Abstract: The subject of this research became the topic of deception in business and personal life of merchantry in the early works of A. N. Ostrovsky. The contemporaries perceived A. N. Ostrovsky’s plays as a satire on flaws and imperfections of merchantry. Through the efforts of literary criticism of the revolutionary-democratic character, and particularly N. A. Dobrolyubov, there has been formed a public opinion about Ostrovsky as a denunciator of the “nether world”. This “world” primarily meant merchantry which supported the traditions of “Domostroy”. The goal of this research is to clarify whether or not the dramaturge was right by condemning this flaw; and the magnitude of the scale of this phenomenon within merchantry environment. The author analyzed the content of the early compositions of A. N. Ostrovsky that described the daily life of the merchantry during the pre-reformation period. The illustrated in the plays data on the motives and ways of deception within the business and personal life were compared with the memories of the representatives of this social class about this period. The scientific novelty consists in the use of the dramaturgic compositions as a historical source for the study of manifestations of deception and swindling within the entrepreneurial activity, as well as within the personal life of merchantry. Almost all storylines of Ostrovsky’s early plays are based on one or another form of deception.  He chose the position of a satirist by revealing the imperfections of this social class, which reflected on the theatrical fate of his early works. This became one of the reasons for formation of a negative stereotype about the merchantry world.  The dramaturgy of A. N. Ostrovsky can be referred to as the historical sources for examination of the entrepreneurial activity and personal life of merchantry.

Keywords: Historical source, Memoirs of the representatives of merchantry, Psychology of merchantry, Swindling, Deception in life, Deception in business, Philosophy of deception, Merchantry, Ostrovsky’s early dramaturgy, A. N. Ostrovksy
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