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Man and Culture
Reference:

Russian North: historical and ethno-cultural peculiarities of formation of the Russian region


Lebedev Sergei Viktorovich

Doctor of Philosophy

professor of the Department of Philosophy at Higher School (Institute) of Folk Arts

198320, Russia, Saint Petersburg, Lermontov's str., 10, ap. 25

servicleb@list.ru
Maksimovich Valentina Fedorovna

Doctor of Pedagogy

rector at Higher School (Institute) of Folk Arts

181186, Russia, Saint Petersburg, str. Naberezhnaya Kanala Griboedova, 2, litera A, of. 316

vshni@mail.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2409-8744.2015.6.15788

Review date:

07-07-2015


Publish date:

28-12-2015


Abstract.

The Subject of research is the study of historical and cultural phenomenon of the Russian North. The Russian North is a unique historical and cultural region of Russia. The history, particular social conditions, isolation from the Central Russia, which contributed to the preservation of arts and crafts, gave it special features. However Northern conditions contributed to the initiative, persistence, widespread literacy, which led to the fact that the North did not become a living ethnographic Museum, and remains a modern, highly urbanized Russian region in which not only preserved but also developed many kinds of folk art. The following methodological approaches are used in the paper: cultural and anthropological, historical and cultural. The main research methods are specifically historical, dialectical, comparative analysis. The main conclusions of the research are: the explanation of the phenomenon of the Russian North by the presence of the geographic remoteness of the region from the Central Russia; the absence of serfdom in the history of the North; the predominance of old believers among the population in the past; late industrialization and urbanization of the Russian North. All the factors favoured the creation of a unique cultural space, in which different Russian Northern folk arts and crafts (Kholmogory bone carving, Severodvinsk painting on wood, Vologda lace-making, Veliky Ustyug blackening of silver and more) received the development, in the Russian North. Majority types of folk art in the North continue to evolve in the XXI century. The study materials can be used in the development of training courses on Russian History of Art and also Ethnology in educational institutions of professional education.

Keywords: national art crafts, Old Believers, Pomors, northern agriculture, Pomorie, Zavolochye, Choodie, Ushkuyniki, Higher vocational education, northern waterway
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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