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Publications of Galibina-Lebedeva Elena Sergeevna
World Politics, 2019-3
Galibina-Lebedeva E.S. - Protestant churches and sects as a new political subject in Latin America
pp. 72-91


Abstract: Recently, the political presence of Protestant churches in the region has risen significantly. It was proven during the tense election campaign of 2018 - 2019, which demonstrated a high level of political polarization of society. The campaign resulted in the election of the rightist candidates, supported by Protestant communities, as presidents of several countries in Latin America. The sudden rise of Protestant churches was promoted by insufficient work of Catholic Church with the population and the crisis of the leftist parties. Whereas just a while ago Protestant churches limited their political invasion to the local level, today they set larger objectives and influence the results of presidential elections. As the traditional electorate of the rightist parties are the representatives of the upper class, they can’t count on the significant support of the electorate. While Protestant churches solve the biggest political problem of the rightist parties - provide them with the votes of the lower classes and transform them from the elitist to people’s parties. Thus, the author concludes that the new wave of the ‘rightist turmoil’ in Latin America was caused, among other things, by the activity of Protestant churches. The significant influence of these churches in the political life of Latin America can also be considered as a specific regional phenomenon.  
World Politics, 2018-3


Abstract: The article attempts to identify the modern political role of the Catholic Church in the region by the example of the analysis of the Vatican's relations with the governments of Latin American countries of "socialism of the XXI century". For this purpose, the author considers not only foreign policy events, but also internal processes occurring in the Vatican. For instance, the election of the new Pope Francis - a Jesuit and Argentine, as well as the election, for the first time in the history, of a new General of the Order of Jesuits A. Sosa -Venezuelan by origin - and the appointment of P. Parolin to the post of Secretary of the Holy See, whose professional path was also connected with Venezuela. In this regard, the issue of the influence of the ideas of liberation theology on the development of the ideological program of the left governments of Latin American countries is of scientific interest. At the same time, many Catholic prelates that influence the crisis political events in the region remain in opposition to the left-wing governments. The study of the above contradiction is highly relevant. The scientific novelty of the topic is determined by the increasing influence of the Roman Catholic Church not only on external but also domestic political events in Latin America.
Genesis: Historical research, 2018-2
Galibina-Lebedeva E.S. - The role of Evangelical churches in development of the African-American civil rights movement, on the example of the United States and Carribean countries (1920Тs Ц 1940Тs) pp. 122-137


Abstract: The subject of this research is the impact of Evangelical Christian churches upon the development of African-American movement for their rights, freedom, and identity using the example of the United States and some Carribean countries during the 1920’s – 1940’s. Relevance of this topic is substantiated by the fact the despite the military victory over Fascist ideology in May of 1945 and official ban of race discrimination in the late XX century, the modern world again faces the appeals to divide people by the religious, ethnic, and race attributes, as well  as the level of their success in society. Based on the comparative-historical analysis, the article reviews the important events in three continents: North America, partially South America, and Africa, which greatly affected the emergence and development within the Afro-American environment of the ideas of black nationalism, black Judaism, and Rastafarianism. The scientific novelty is defined by the attempt to determine the role of church in Afro-American environment through establishment among its successors of the religious, cultural, economic, and political preferences. The importance of the religious institution in the XXI century is expressed in the fact that the representatives of various Evangelical Christian churches demonstrate different response to the claims of the contemporary political leaders, for example, in the United States, regarding their Afro-American citizens, colored migrants, and recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, thus affecting the establishment of the domestic and foreign policy of the country.
Genesis: Historical research, 2017-6
Galibina-Lebedeva E.S. - Society of Jesus right before 500th anniversary of the Reformation pp. 135-157


Abstract: The goal of this article consists in the attempt to prove that the Society of Jesus, which was created for the purpose of fighting the ideas of Reformation 477 year ago, did not lose its significance in modern world and continues to assert the Christian ideals and resolve new challenges faced by humanity in the XXI century, including the threat of a new world war, international terrorism, loss of moral and ethical values, lack of resources, and at the same time, reckless consumption, impose of the values of individualism and intense rivalry. The subject of this research is the ideology of the Society of Jesus and arising from it domestic and foreign policy of its successors. The article analyzes broad material regarding the life and activity of the Roman Catholic Church as a whole, and Society of Jesus in particular over the period of the late XX – early XXI centuries. Special attention is given to such issues as: struggle of the Society of Jesus against their ideological opponents - Masonic lodges, "Opus Dei" and liberalism; search for the allies for protection of humanistic ideals and a fair economic system, among different political powers and traditional religions, as well as atheists – the supporters of the Communist values and Marxist ideology. The scientific novelty consists in the comprehensive examination of the modern political role of Society of Jesus in Vatican and internationally. The aforementioned questions become especially relevant due to the anniversary dates that fall onto the second half of 2017: the 500th anniversary of Reformation, 30th  anniversary of the Masonic Grande Lodge, and 100th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution.
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