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Publications of Dushkin Roman
Cybernetics and programming, 2019-4
Dushkin R., Andronov M.G. - Hybrid design of artificial intelligent systems pp. 51-58


Abstract: The subject of research is the architecture of artificial intelligent systems, developed as part of a hybrid approach to artificial intelligence. The article offers the author’s vision of the process of constructing artificial intelligent agents based on a hybrid approach using organismic principles. An artificial intelligent agent with a hybrid scheme is a “cybernetic machine” operating in a certain environment and functionally interacting with it. Of interest is the way the agent interacts and makes decisions, in which information from the environment passes through many sensors, and then it is cleaned up and sensory integrated with further translation into a symbolic form for decision making based on symbolic logic and the operation of a universal output machine. As the main research methodology, a systems engineering approach to the analysis and construction of technical systems was adopted, as well as a functional approach as an additional research method. The novelty of the study is in the use of a hybrid paradigm for constructing artificial intelligent systems in conjunction with systems and functional approaches in the design of technical systems, which made it possible to generalize the available data on the interaction of intelligent agents with the environment and identify interesting patterns for use in the development of artificial intelligence systems. The main conclusion of the study is the possibility of using a hybrid paradigm to obtain artificial intellectual agents that have important advantages of the upward and downward artificial intelligence paradigm - the ability to learn and behave appropriately in an unknown environment and the ability to explain the reasons for their decisions, respectively. This important finding will advance research into explainable artificial intelligence.
Software systems and computational methods, 2019-2
Dushkin R. - Intellectualization of the management of technical systems as part of a functional approach pp. 43-57


Abstract: The article discusses certain issues of intellectualization of control of technical systems in the framework of a functional approach to the construction of intelligent control systems for various objects and processes based on systems engineering and complex engineering. Intellectualization of management allows you to simultaneously get all the benefits of various paradigms for considering processes of various nature, as well as emergent to show new properties of the general approach to increase the degree of controllability and efficiency of operation of technical control objects (and generally practically arbitrary control objects of a technical nature). The application of the functional approach in combination with complex equipment in the intellectual management of such objects as transport, buildings, energy, allows us to transfer their operation to a higher level of service availability, sustainability, environmental friendliness and comprehensive development of not only the control object itself, but also the hierarchy of its super-systems - municipality, region, state. The scientific novelty of the proposed approach lies in the new application of the mathematical apparatus in terms of the general theory of sets and category theory for organizing a distributed computing system in the field of intelligent buildings and managing their internal environment. An article can become the basis for novelty of a higher order in the transition from a systemic to an integrated approach. Furthermore, a systematic approach is used with the use of a simplified cybernetic "streaming" scheme of functioning of an intelligent building.
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