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Publications of Travin Ilia Aleksandrovich
Culture and Art, 2019-10
Travin I.A. - The elements of Sami ornament in the décor of buildings in the northwest of Kostroma Oblast as a manifestation of succession in cultural heritage pp. 1-6


Abstract: The goal of this work consists in finding elements of Sami ornament in house carving in the northwest of Kostroma Oblast of the Russian Federation, as well as examination of their impact upon the development of cultural heritage of the region. The subject of this research is the decorative wooden elements of residential houses of the region and embroidery ornaments favored by the Sami people. Special attention is given to the use of décor at the present time. The author also reviews the décor of items created in the period of early settlement of Slavic people in the region. The research method is the visual fixation of elements of decorative carving, and comparison with the elements of ornaments and embellishments of different eras and peoples widespread on this geographical area. The analysis of acquires data allows understanding the visual expression of cultural heritage of the region and modern application of the décor elements of the ethnic group that left the territory thousands years ago. The result of this study consists in provision of evidence of the presence of Sami tracery in the modern house carving in the northwest of Kostroma Oblast, which underlines the succession of cultural heritage of the region in the field of applied arts. The novelty is defined by using the method of comparison of decorative traceries of different generations and peoples residing in a particular geographic area.
Culture and Art, 2019-9
Travin I.A. - Continuity of Cultural Heritage in Observed Elements of House Carving in the Northwest of the Kostroma Region (Buoy District) pp. 1-10


Abstract: The aim of the research is to find archaic elements in decorate carving on houses in the Buoy district of the Kostroma Region, Russian Federation, and analyze whether these elements correspond to cultural heritage continuity criteria. The subject of the research is devorate elements made out of wood and fixed on houses. Taking into account references to the semantics of paganism and the use of these elements not only as decoration but also as protection from negative influence on houses and people living there, Travin focuses on general and local typical decoration elements on a wooden building. The method used by the author of the article is the visual fixation of decorative carving and comparison of visible decoration with decorative elements of pre-Christian era that can be found in this region based on the analysis of literature and images. The results of the analysis give an insight into the chain of cultural heritage and demonstrate the decorate elements have been used for hundrends or even thousands of years. The main outcome of the research is the proof that modern house craving elements in the northwest of the Kostroma Region have elements of the Bronze Age and the Neolitic Age. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author uses the comparison method to compare decoration of previous generations with decoration of current generation in a wide territory. The conclusion of the research is that modern decorative patterns have very ancient decorative elements which is a proof of the continuity of cultural heritage in this region. 
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