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Publications of Teunaev Akhmat Seit-Umarovich
Law and Politics, 2021-9
Teunaev A.S. - Relevant issues in determining the quantity of drugs (d-Lysergide, LSD, LSD-25) for the purposes of the Russian criminal legislation pp. 72-86

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2021.9.36346

Abstract: The object of this research is the social relations arising in the sphere of counter-drugs activity. The author outlines the problems of law enforcement in the context of determining the quantity of d- Lysergide (LSD, LSD-25). The scientific community is divided over the conclusions and recommendations on determination of the quality and quantity of LSD for the purposes of criminal legislation. Infringement of the rights of defendants to equal protection is observed. Special attention is given to the existing investigative practice and case law, the results of which allow formulating the key elements of the research. The author carefully examines foreign experience in determining the quantity of the drug d- Lysergide, and reveals similar issues within the Russian legal field. Some authors truly believe that the current regulation contradicts the fundamental principles of the administration of justice, while others offer alternative methods for resolution of contradictions, and this bringing the investigative practice and case law to uniformity, which would prevent the infringement of rights to equal protection. The goal of this research lies in consideration of the problems of determining the quantity of narcotic substance d-Lysergide (LSD, LSD-25), as well as in establishment of the conditions that would prevent violation of the rights of convicts. Based on research competence, the author makes recommendations for improvement of the existing procedure on determination of the narcotic substance under review.
Legal Studies, 2021-2
Teunaev A.S., Dubova M.E. - New perspective on qualitative and quantitative indicators of juvenile crime in Russia pp. 44-63

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7136.2021.2.34667

Abstract: The goal of this research consists in determination and analysis of the current trends of juvenile crime in Russia. The subject of this article is the basic patterns of juvenile crime identified by keeping track of its dynamics, modification and activity in Russia from 1991 to 2019, and classified by the authors into separate periods – “waves” in accordance with the “bursts” of such type of crime. It is underlined that the timely identification of factors and conditions that lead to the spate of criminal activity among juveniles in a specific time period allows preventing similar situations in future, as well as contributes to the development of an effective toolset for preventing deviant behavior of teenagers. The empirical basis of this research is comprised of the statistical reports on the state of juvenile crime in Russia that are posted annually on the official websites of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia and the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation. The authors also lean on the fundamental Russian and foreign research dedicated to the problematic questions of preventing juvenile crime. In the course of studying statistical data that reflect qualitative and quantitative indicators of juvenile crime in Russia from 1991 to 2019, the authors determined five so-called “waves” of juvenile crime: I wave 1991-1997, II wave 1998-2002, III wave 2003-2012, IV wave 2012-2014, and V wave 2014-2019. Examination of media source, publicistic and scientific literature allowed revealing the most probable causes of the sharp increase in criminogenic situation in the juvenile environment. The article also reveals certain negative trends, such as the increase in the rate of grave and especially grave crimes committed by minors.
Politics and Society, 2021-2
Teunaev A.S., Aristov V.N. - Relevant issues of crime prevention in the sphere of state procurement pp. 40-52

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0684.2021.2.36153

Abstract: Based on the normative acts in force and domestic scientific literature, this article analyzes social relations associated with the implementation of state procurement procedures. The goal is set to examine criminal activity in the sphere of state procurement for outlining the relevant vectors of crime prevention therein. The article identifies the gaps in the current legislation that negatively affect the dynamics of crime in this sphere. Special attention is given to the statistical method that reveals the key characteristics of criminologically significant information, such as circumstances of crime, classification of crime, and cost of crime. The author offers a range of ideas, the realization of which would help to reduce the amount of crime committed in the process of implementation of state order. The structure of this work includes the analysis of the determinants of crime discovered within the framework of studying the normative-legal, investigative-judicial, and domestic doctrinal sources. The novelty of this research lies in outlining the following vectors leaning on the latest information: improvement of current legislation for increasing the effectiveness of the mechanism of determination of formal-legitimate organizations and failure of cash-out transactions, reference to advanced foreign experience, revision of the mechanism of for assessing the activity of authorized budget holders, give due attention to the question of interaction of various regulatory agencies in terms of implementation of their activity.
Police and Investigative Activity, 2021-1
Teunaev A.S., Cherkasova A.M. - COVID-19 and criminality in Russia pp. 1-13

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7810.2021.1.35175

Abstract: At the present time, the global community is facing unprecedented development of a pandemic which has created a threat to internal and external security of countries. The COVID-19 containment policy helped minimize the negative consequences of governmental, social, information, environmental and economic nature and, to a greater extent, negative effects on personal safety. The authors consider Russian and foreign researches on the issue of qualitative and quantitative assessment of the negative effects of the deadly virus. The detected trends and patterns of criminality in Russia in the period of the pandemic will help develop effective measures for the prevention of delinquencies. The system approach used for explaining the dynamic rates of transformation of criminality deserves high attention. Besides, the authors use the comparative-legal, the logic-legal and the statistical research methods. The main result of the research is the analysis of the state of criminality in Russia in the period of lockdown. The detected positive and negative indicators are explained in terms of changed circumstances. Special attention is given to criminal activities involving information technologies in the context of their duplication. All the above mentioned factors require urgent steps to be taken aimed at the prevention of delinquencies involving information and telecommunication technologies. A comprehensive approach is needed along with a prompt response aimed at the prevention of mass victimization of vulnerable segments of the population.  
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