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Publications of Belikova Ksenia Mikhailovna
Law and Politics, 2019-8
Belikova K.M. - Implication of the network economy in law: general approaches and application of the network information technologies in BRICS countries pp. 76-88

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2019.8.30438

Abstract: In line with the general approaches and implementation of the network information technologies in BRICS countries, this article exposes the issues in the development of network economy and the reflection of its specificity in law at the present stage. Considering the fact that currently along with the market economy exists and gradually develops the information network economy, which practically does not have such characteristics as exceptionality, competitiveness and transparency, the author examines the economic relations in the hierarchical and network economy. The article provides the examples of organization of research activities based on the “open” network model, application of network information technologies in education, as well as analyzes certain problems (such as taxation) caused by the network form of interaction in organization of the cross-border e-commerce. The relevance and novelty of this study are substantiated by the fact that the development of information technologies, their convenience and other advantages, will not allow (in absence of global cataclysms) returning to the traditional economy, thus, they will continue advancing and require adequate legal regulation. Therefore, the goal of this research lies in determination of the modern directions for application of the achievements of the information network economy for establishing the depth and compliance with legal regulation and the need for making corresponding amendments. One of the results consists in establishing fact of the irreversible shift in the traditional economy towards the information network economy, which changes the perception of the world among both, regular citizens, as well as entrepreneurs.
Law and Politics, 2019-7
Belikova K.M. - The force of patent law in Brazil applicable to pharmaceutical products: legal issues and ways for their solution prior and after Brazils membership in WTO pp. 1-12

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2019.7.29922

Abstract: This article examines the questions of the force of patent law in one of the BRICS countries – Brazil, with regards to pharmaceutical products prior and after Brazil’s membership in WTO (TRIPS) in light of a number of regulatory and judicial acts and technicality in the area of healthcare, provision of population with medications, and protection of industrial property rights (Constitution of 1988, Law No. 9.279 of May 14, 1996 “On the Industrial Property”, Law No. 8.080/90 on creation of the Unified Healthcare System (SUS), Ordinance No. 3.916/98 establishing National policy on Pharmaceuticals, Government Decree No. 2.577/06 “National Program for Exceptional Medicines”, court decisions, and others). The research analyzes the issues towards free access to medications, prohibited in Brazil by patent law, since its entry to World Trade Organization, as well as the ways for their solution. The scientific novelty consists in the comprehensive analysis from the perspective of the intellectual property right of Brazil’s approaches to organizational-legal support of the development of pharmaceutical sector in the context of TRIPS agreements and necessity to ensure population’s constitutional right to health services and essential medicines. The conclusion is made that the current policy is aimed at achieving the existing prior to WTO membership balance of private and public interests via implementation of a set of compensation mechanisms (negotiations on price reduction by pharmaceutical companies, obligatory licensing, introduction of the Program “National Pharmacology of Brazil”.
Legal Studies, 2019-7
Belikova K.M. - pp. 17-25

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7136.2019.7.30486

Abstract:
Law and Politics, 2019-6
Belikova K.M. - Organizational and legal development of biotechnologies in Brazil on the basis of accumulated scientific information in the context of ensuing national security pp. 22-34

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2019.6.29907

Abstract: Based on the analysis of a number of documents (Biotechnology Development Policy of 2007; Law No.9279 of May 14, 1996 “On the Industrial Property”, revised in 2001),implementation of several projects of São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP), this article examines the experience of development of biotechnologies in one of the BRICS countries – Brazil. It strongly depends on the international legal regime of biotechnologies; thus, when Brazil joined WTO in 1995, the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) became obligatory, although the provisions significantly differed from the current at the moment legislation in the area of intellectual property of Brazil. The author explores the issues it caused from the perspective of the American practice of settlement that is foreign for both, Russia and Brazil. The scientific novelty lies in a comprehensive analysis from the standpoint of law on intellectual property of Brazil’s approach to organizational and legal arrangement of biotechnology development in the context of international legal regime created by TRIPS, with consideration of the American experience. It is concluded that the provisions of the acting Biotechnology Development Policy of 2007 testifies to the fact that the Brazilian government understands the need to enhance protection of intellectual property for the development of biotechnological sector.
Legal Studies, 2019-6
Belikova K.M. - pp. 26-46

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7136.2019.6.30115

Abstract:
Legal Studies, 2019-5
Belikova K.M. - Legal Regulation of Production, Spread, and Implementation of Scientific Information and Innovations in the BRICS countires on the example of the RSA (Some Aspects of Intellectual Rights Protection) pp. 1-17

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7136.2019.5.29541

Abstract: The article observes the issue of legal regulation of the production, spread, and implementation of scientific information (including the technical one) in the context of the protection of intellectual rights in one of the BRICS countries - the RSA. The article analyzes a number of laws in this sphere (the Law no 51 of 2008 On the Right of Intellectual Ownership of Researches and Inventions Financed by the Government (rev. 2014), Law no 98 1978 On the Author's Right (rev. 2008)), acts and documents of a strategic character (for example, the SA National Development Plan till 2030) and others). The study presents the main idea of one of the key precedents in the sphere of scientific (patent) information development in the RSA. The author forms the institutional structure aimed at science development, accumulation, as well as the spread and protection of scientific information and innovation development. Also, she gives the functionality of a number of elements of such a structure. In the course of the research, the author has implied such methods of scientific knowledge as general scientific, dialectical, and historical methods, as well as a method of rather-legal analysis. The author relies on the subjective-objective orientation of the processes and phenomena. The novelty of the study is due to the complex research of the SA approaches to legal regulation of the issues of production, spread, and implementation of scientific information and innovation from the perspective of the right of intellectual ownership. The article concludes that the development of science and technology and the aiming at building a state of innovative type in the SA continues. However, the SA faces the frets (for example, the reduction (migration) of human capital, lacking financing of science, optimization of Higher Education, etc.) which can affect the success of the conducted politics in this sphere. 
Law and Politics, 2019-5
Belikova K.M. - Procedural aspects of protection of scientific information in the context of the acting legislation on intellectual property in BRICS countries: the experience of India pp. 1-17

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2019.5.29684

Abstract: The subject of this research is the means of procedural (criminal-legal, civil-legal, administrative-legal, etc.) protection of scientific information in one of the BRICS member-states – India, viewed through the prism of the force of statutory law in form of the acts on intellectual property of this country (“Copyright Act”, 1957; “Patents Act”, 1970); procedure (Code of Criminal Procedure, 1873; Code of Civil Procedure, 1908) and others in the last revision; case laws developed within the framework of acting precedent law and provisions of the doctrine. The author draws a conclusion that the fairly new method of dispute settlement such as arbitration along with the traditional, time-proven civil-legal (damages, suit for a declaration, and others) and criminal-legal (imprisonment and others) means of protection are in the focus of attention of the Indian legislator for the purpose of protection of scientific information. The scientific novelty lies in the comprehensive consideration and analysis of the approaches of legislator and representatives of judicial branch towards the procedural aspects of protection of scientific information.
Legal Studies, 2019-4
Belikova K.M. - pp. 1-19

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7136.2019.4.29576

Abstract:
Legal Studies, 2019-3
Belikova K.M. - Organisational Legal Forms of Investment Activity in the Republic of Korea in Terms of Legal Definitions of Foreign Investor and Foreign Investment (Some Aspects) pp. 27-38

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7136.2019.3.29198

Abstract: The subject of the research is the definitions of terms 'investor' and 'investment' and their relation to forms of business entities that perform investment activity, from the one hand, and forms of business entities that perform capital investment (companies, partnerships, non-public unions, etc.) allowable by the law of South Korea as part of The Law on Trade (1962, version of 2011) and Law to Promote Foreign Investments of September 16, 1998 (FIPA). Belikova carries out their comparative analysis in terms of investment activity. She focuses on the legal regime of their activity and underlines their peculiarities. In the course of her research the author of the article has used such research methods as general dialectics, historical method and comparative law analysis. The author bases her research on the idea of subjective and objective predetermination of processes and phenoma. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author analyzes forms of entities that perform investment in Korea in relation to terms 'investor' and 'investment'. As a result of the research, the author concludes that taking into account that national peculiarities, the main legal terms for attracting foreign investments into South Korea are different from traditional legal terms used by other countries. For example, Korean companies deal only with those partners which reputation has been proved by other Korean companies, and so on. Moreover, even though the greater part of capital investments are made by foreign investors as joint-stock companies, the Korean legislation offers a wide range of business entities for investing. 
International Law, 2019-3
Belikova K.M. - The analysis of multilateral international regulation of foreign investments from the perspective of the Asian Energy Ring countries (China, South Korea and Japan) pp. 41-52

DOI:
10.25136/2644-5514.2019.3.30537

Abstract: This article examines the approaches of the “Asian Energy Ring” countries towards international legal acts pertaining to foreign investment – Convention “On Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States” (Washington, 1965); Convention “Establishing the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency” (Seoul, 1985); OECD Draft Convention “On Foreign Property” (1967); and acts of the World Trade Organization (The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, etc.). The existing law enforcement practice is provided. The scientific novelty consists in the analysis of provisions of the aforementioned legal acts applicable to the their positions in the countries under consideration – China, South Korea and Japan. The following methods were used in the course of this research: general scientific, dialectical, historical, and comparative legal analysis. The author relies upon subjective-objective set of processes. The conclusion is made that the international legal acts are an effective mechanism for ensuring (for example, Seoul Convention) and protection (for example, Washington Convention) of the investors’ interests.
International Law and International Organizations, 2019-3
Belikova K.M. - To the question on the role of foreign investments within the system of international economic relations: legal perspective pp. 31-37

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0633.2019.3.30654

Abstract: This article examines the question on the role of foreign investments within the system of international economic relations from the perspective of law. The author analyzes the main and auxiliary goals of an investor and the country-recipient of foreign investments and the country of origin of the investments. The legal-economic concept of “investment/foreign investment” is viewed considering the author’s opinion that investments as such are multifunctional. Different understanding in this regard underline the various aspects of the phenomenon; thereat, the legislators of different countries are guided by their teleological reasons, while representatives of the doctrine – by affiliation to one or another scientific specialty (or school). The scientific novelty lies in articulation of the problem, as well as the approaches towards its studying. The new data regarding the records and information on the role of foreign investments within the system of international economic relations are introduced into the Russian-language discourse. The conclusion is made that the foreign investments are characterizes by versatile functionality, expansion of which is substantiated by the needs of the country-recipient of investments along with the country of their origin.  
Law and Politics, 2019-2
Belikova K.M. - Far East in investment relations between Russia and China: current state and prospects (political law aspect) pp. 22-29

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2019.2.28930

Abstract: This article examines the general approaches (direct or portfolio investment, signing concessionary agreements) and particular aspects of the investment cooperation between Russian and China in form of investing into the objects of production and infrastructure in the territory of the Russian Far East, based on the fact that currently the development of these territories is one of the top priorities of the Russian Federation. The author provides the examples of “live” investment projects and investment contracts in the area under consideration; and also underlines the factors impeding such cooperation. The scientific novelty is substantiated by the approach, within the framework of which the attention is given to the problematic aspects of Russia-China investment cooperation from the standpoint of methods and prospects of their solution for the advancement of the Russian Far East. It is demonstrated that Russia-China cooperation has the potential, as well as the history; however, the actual steps depend of the intentions of both parties.
Legal Studies, 2019-2
Belikova K.M. - National Legal Peculiarities of Investment Implementation in the Economy of Russia, South Korea and Japan pp. 1-9

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7136.2019.2.29011

Abstract: In her article Belikova outlines issues that may arise in the process of attracting investments from South Korea and Japan into Russia and vice versa from the point of view of cultural research, practice and law (a number of key Russian, South Korean and Japanese legal acts) and providing that particular investment cooperation between Russia and South Korea or Russia and Japan implies capital investments in production and infrastructure facilities including facilities that extract and market energy resources (oil, gas and energy generated in the territory of the Russian Federation). In her research Belikova has used such research methods as general dialectical method, historical method and comparative law analysis. In addition, the author bases her research on subjective-objective predetermined outcome of processes and phenomena and their complementary dependence. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that Belikova analyzes legal capacities and economic interests of these countries towards mutual investments as well as political, legal and cultural peculiarities of investment into Russian production and infrastructure facilities, in particular, restrictions for foreign investors and some political, legal and cultural peculiarities of investment (participation) of Russian investors in South Korean and Japanese enterprises and investment issues that may arise. At the end of the research Belikova concludes that all aforesaid parties of investment cooperation have much to work on in order to make investment conditions clearer for counter-agents.  
International Law, 2019-1
Belikova K.M. - Major milestones in Russia-China scientific and technical cooperation: political-legal aspect pp. 37-44

DOI:
10.25136/2306-9899.2019.1.28921

Abstract: This article specifies and characterizes the major milestones in Russia-China scientific and technical (including military) cooperation from the political legal perspective. The starting point is the intergovernmental agreements of 1992 on the scientific and technical cooperation (STC) and military and technical cooperation (MTC). The author determines the difficulties and prospects of cooperation in the indicated fields; provides the examples of particular forms of such cooperation. An objective need of Russia and China for the development of STC and MTC on mutually beneficial terms serves as the basis for research. The scientific novelty consists in the “end-to-end” approach that views the question at hand in retrospective and from modern perspective. It is established that the scientific and technical development of Russia and China has a strong legal framework and substantial groundwork of previous years, possesses a multidivisional organizational structure and active connections at various levels, which creates the foundation for the progress in the area of military and technical cooperation. Therefore, the development of STC of Russia and China in the long run seems quite successful.
Law and Politics, 2018-12
Belikova K.M. - Monetization of morality as the legal way to protect intellectual property pp. 1-11

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2018.12.28311

Abstract: The subject of this article is the problem of scientific plagiarism (unlawful borrowing of another author’s text), protection of copyrights, and intellectual property in the broad sense of the word, which is viewed in the context of economization of human life alongside the introduced to the State Duma by the President of the Russian Federation V. V. Putin legislative bill on extending the list of offences, which criminal charges can be dismissed in case of compensation for damage that has been inflicted. The author makes practical proposals aimed at combatting plagiarism, taking as a basis the words of Napoleon Bonaparte “Put a rogue in the lime-light and he will act like an honest man”. The scientific novelty of this research lies in examination of the problem of plagiarism from the perspective of economic and legal sciences, as well as partially sociology and human psychology. The article touches upon a number of interrelated issues: plagiarism and circumvention of legitimate citation; plagiarism and functionality of the national scientific schools; plagiarism and countermeasures; plagiarism and formation of scientific potential in Russia, etc. It is concluded that plagiarism entails a multitude of problems that can only be resolved as a whole, and not on the individual level, but representative scientific centers with government association.  
Law and Politics, 2018-11
Belikova K.M. - What do the members of energy ring (China, South Korea and Japan) need to know about the legal peculiarities of investing into the Russian energy sector (certain aspects) pp. 1-14

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2018.11.27975

Abstract: This article examines the legal peculiarities of investing into the Russian energy sector from the perspective of the “energy” ring member countries – China, South Korea, and Japan. The author considers the regulations of a number of key Russian laws in this sphere: on the strategic societies, subsoil, capital investments, and others; analyzes the established by them limitations for foreign investors and some ways of their circumvention. All of the aforementioned is viewed in the context of the existing investment projects of the “energy ring” states in Russia. The author leans on the subjective-objective preset of processes and occurrences. The scientific novelty lies in the comprehensive research of the question of investments into the Russian energy sector through the prism of cooperation of China, South Korea, Japan and Russia within the framework of “energy ring”. As a result, the author reaches the conclusion that foreign investment into the Russian energy sector faces a number of restrictions, which, however, are often overcomable.
Legal Studies, 2018-8
Belikova K.M., Akhmadova M.A. - Equity and Cooperative Joint-Ventures in China as the Form of Performance of the Investment Activity: Comparative Law Analysis pp. 17-30

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7136.2018.8.27102

Abstract: This article is the continuation of the authors' analysis of the legal forms of investment activity in China. The authors analyze activities of equity and cooperative joint-ventures. The subject of the research is the common features of joint ventures and specific features of each kind in particular. The analysis is illustrated by the examples from the legal practice. The article containts scientific data and information that have never been mentioned in the academic literature before. In the course of the research the authors have used such methods as general dialectical method, historical analysis, comparative law analysis. The authors base their research on the subjective-objective predetermiined outcome of processes and phenomena. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the authors define advantages and disadvantages of EJVs and CJVs in comparison and describe how they function based on particular examples of such compaies. The results of the research demonstrate that even though the role and significance of joint-ventures have been decreasing lately, they may be quite helpful to foreign investors while Chinese partners have the support of the central and local government, brand credibility, land, license, distribution and access to suppliers which decreases initial expenditures and improves changes of a foreign investor for success. 
Law and Politics, 2018-8
Belikova K.M. - Investment contract (agreement): concept, legal nature, examples of execution (based on Russia and China models) pp. 122-139

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2018.8.27185

Abstract: This article presents research of the concepts, essence and legal nature of investment contracts on the example of Russia and China. The author offers a multifaceted complex research of this concept from the position of international and national laws, including civil and administrative laws. The accent is made on the fact that it has situational interpretation and depends on other conditions of activity that is contractually formalized. The novelty of this research is justified by determination of the characteristics of an investment contract from the position of the complex approach, which considers representation of internationalists, as well as civilists and administrationists in conjuction with the analysis of practicle examples of investment interaction between Russia and China from the positions of modernity and retrospect. The author determines that investment cooperation between Russia and China is currently largely based on intergovernmental agreements and framework agreements for providing equipment, rendering services, construction, organizational support, personnel training, etc..
Law and Politics, 2018-7
Belikova K.M. - The investment strategy of Japan pp. 47-62

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2018.7.26671

Abstract: This article examines the Japan’s strategy on allocation of the proprietary investments overseas, as well as attraction of foreign investments to the country. In this context, special attention is given to the particular aspects of the Russia-Japan investment cooperation in form of investments, as well as the objects of production and infrastructure, including the cooperation in energy sphere (oil, gas, and generated in the Russian Federation electrical energy). The author touches upon the position of parties regarding the question of joint economic use of the South Kuril Islands. The scientific novelty lies in consideration from the perspective of Russia’s interests and opportunities of the approaches towards investment “from” and “to” Japan. A conclusion is made that both, Russia and Japan have a potential for cooperation, opportunities and interest; however, it remains to be seen which of the indicated scenarios will prevail.
Legal Studies, 2018-7
Belikova K.M., Akhmadova M.A. - Arbitration of Investment Disputes as the Main Guarantee for Civil Law Defense of Chinese Investors pp. 10-18

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7136.2018.7.26838

Abstract: In this article the authors try to cast light on the approaches of Chinese legislators to the protection of investors in Chinese and arbitration courts including international courts. For this purpose, the authors analyze the provisions of the laws of 1979, 1988 and 1986 on joint ventures (share and cooperative) and foreign companies. The authors relate analysis of investment disputes to the kinds of investment disputes and attribution of the investor (internal or external). The authors aso cover the provisions of the intergovernmental agreement between China and Russia. In their research the authors have used such research methods as general dialectical method, historical and comparative law analysis. The authors base their research on the subjective-objective set course of processes and phenomena. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the authors analyze arbitration resolvement of investment debates from the point of view of civil law guarantees of investor protection. As a result of the research, the authors conclude that creation of the alternative to state courts, i.e. arbitration resolution of investment disputes, is one of the most important guarantees of a foreign investor rights' protection.  
Law and Politics, 2018-5
Belikova K.M., Rumyantsev M.B. - Some thoughts on harm caused by high-risk source in legislation of the United States and the Russian Federation pp. 29-41

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2018.5.24901

Abstract: This article deals with certain problems of legal regulation of the relations from harm caused by high-risk sources in legislation of Russian and the United States. The authors rely not upon the examination of abstract models of functionality of the high-risk source as tool separated from the manufacturer, but rather the results of studying the legal norms (including legislative regulations and precedents), doctrine and judicial practice of both countries that provide answers to multiple argumentative questions. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that the authors consider the legal concepts and legislative solutions in the area of relations from the harm causes by high-risk sources (enhanced by hazardous activity) in the Russian Federation and the United States from the perspective of evolution of the scientific thought of these countries. The authors detect the common feature in both legislations – the doctrines of the Russian Federation and the United States contain the idea on the need for consideration not only the functionality of the tool (high-risk source), but also the actions of the operator of the high-risk source. Based on the conducted analysis of the physical essence of the high-risk source, is established the dialectical unity of the object, its properties and their possible transformation in the process of manufacturing or exploitation of the object. The analysis of physical essence with regards to resolution of the dichotomy of joint and several responsibility must be applied in future works dedicated to causing harm by the high-risk sources.
Law and Politics, 2018-4
Belikova K.M., Ifraimov V.Y. - Some thoughts on the internal corporate relations in the publicly traded companies and LLCs of Azerbaijan and Russia pp. 11-20

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2018.4.24939

Abstract: The subject of this research consists in the norms of the legislation of the Russian Federation and Azerbaijan regulating the internal corporate relations within publicly traded companies and LLC, as well as the rulings of the higher courts and legal doctrine of the countries in question. The object of this research is the internal relations within PTCs and LLCs of these countries. The authors research the prospects and horizons for the internal corporate and inter-corporate relations, comparing these concepts based on the doctrine of the Russian Federation and Azerbaijan. The novelty of this research lies in the comparative legal analysis of the regulation of internal relations within the PTCs and LLCs in Russia and Azerbaijan. The work employs the materials from the current Russian and Azerbaijan legislations with consideration of their latest revisions.
International Law, 2018-3
Belikova K.M., Akhmadova M.A. - Legal characteristic of the concept of investor and its relation to the forms of implementation of Chinas investment activity pp. 20-34

DOI:
10.25136/2306-9899.2018.3.27088

Abstract: The subject of this research is the concept of “investor” and its relation to the forms of implementation of investment activity, and certain forms of capital investment (foreign capital companies, subsidiaries of foreign companies, FIPE) allowable in China’s legislation. The authors perform their legal analysis, underlining the benefits and burdens of each of the indicated forms of implementation of investment activity. Particular attention is given to the legal regime of their activity; emphasis is made on their specificity from the perspective of current standing, as well as the 2015 Draft Foreign Investment Law of the People's Republic of China. The scientific novelty lies in consideration of the forms of disposal of investments in relation to the concept of “investor”. A conclusion is made that with account of the national specificity, the basic legal conditions for attracting foreign investments to China differ from the traditional and used in practice by other countries in regard that the legal regime of foreign investments as such is not actually determined in China, because the activity of foreign investors mostly concentrates on possibility of establishment of partnerships, foreign capital companies, and others. At the same time, the investors can count on such traditional mechanisms as tax exemptions in terms of constant improvements of the acting legislation, etc.
International Law, 2018-2
Belikova K.M., Muthanna A.Y. - Legal regulation of the work of the international commercial arbitration on Jordans legislation pp. 47-59

DOI:
10.25136/2306-9899.2018.2.26953

Abstract: This article makes an attempt of cover the approaches of a Jordan legislator towards the question of legal regulation of the work of the international commercial arbitration, as well as examines its key aspects. Attention is given to the procedure of disputes consideration by the international commercial arbitration from the perspective of selection and qualification of arbitrators, language of proceedings, list of requirements to the provided by the involved parties to each other and arbitration evidence, including documents. The authors review the stage of rendering a decision by arbitrators, considering the requirements to a decision and possibility to appeal that decision. The scientific novelty lies in examination of the arbitration proceeding in Jordan, which has not been previously a subject of research, and thus enriches the Russian science with new data and information, introducing it to the scientific discourse. A conclusion is made that the international commercial arbitration is an effective instrument for consideration of the international commercial disputes, which is most often used by the partied of various legal systems as a mechanism of rapid and efficient decision-making.
Law and Politics, 2017-9
Belikova K.M. - Some aspects of marriage and family relations of India from the position of the courts pp. 52-61

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2017.9.23629

Abstract: The subject matter of this article comprises legal aspects of marriage and divorce relations of India - one of the biggest partners of Russia – from the position of Indian courts to the questions of procedural resolution of such relations. Marriage and family are the most traditional legal institutions, but even they have changed over time. The article covers the most important facets of the functionality of marriage and family relations – marriage and divorce. The author comes from the subjective-objective orientation processes and phenomena in the surrounding world. From this position, the author uses general scientific methods (system analysis and synthesis of normative and practical materials, etc.) and special legal methods of legal research (comparative, of interpretation of legal norms, etc.). The main conclusions of the research are that approaches vary depending on the personal status of spousal approaches to several issues in the field of marriage and family relations: alimony, consideration of needs of one of the divorcing spouses (usually women), etc. These differentiated approaches provide obstacles to the creation of a uniform regime of such relationship while the case law follows life, filling norms with content that is adequate to life, in order to give full protection to the rights of the spouse receiving support. The results presented in this article are the source of relevant and up to date information about the existing law of one of the fastest growing countries in the world, and thus can be useful for practitioners with ties to India, as well as law enforcement bodies in Russia. It also serves as a source of valuable information that enriches the domestic private law.
Law and Politics, 2017-7
Belikova K.M. - The role of judicial interpretations in development of matrimonial law in the Peoples Republic of China (certain aspects) pp. 48-55

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2017.7.23430

Abstract: The subject of this article is the legal aspects of matrimonial relations in of the largest partners of Russia – China, from the perspective of determining the role of judicial interpretation in evolution of the procedural practice in this sphere. The traditional family law is considered a legal branch that is less affected by changes; however, the changes take place. The author covers the most essential aspects of functionality of the matrimonial relations – since the conclusion of marriage up until divorce. Special attention is given to the question of appraisal of judicial interpretation by the citizens of People’s Republic of China. The author leans on the subjective-objective set of the processes and phenomena in the surrounding world. The main conclusion of the conducted research lies in the position that under the conditions of ambiguity and contradiction of the approaches of legislation and judicial practice, people themselves take on the protection of their rights. Results of the work serve as a source of relevant information on the acting law of one of the dynamically developing countries of the world, and thus, can be valuable for the practitioners who maintain ties with China, as well as the law enforcement agencies in Russia; it also enriches the science of the national private law.
Law and Politics, 2017-5
Belikova K.M. - Legal position of companies engaged in business activities in China. What you need to know when establishing a company? pp. 27-41

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2017.5.22831

Abstract: The subject matter of this article comprises legal aspects of different kinds of companies engaged in business activities in one of the BRICS countries and the partner of Russia – China, from the perspective of preference of doing business the work characterizes main features of each of the countries. This research includes the most important facets of their functions, from establishment to liquidation. Special attention is paid to the question of issue and characteristics of the shares, the rights and obligations of the parties, as well as the order of functions of the administration. From this position the author uses general scientific methods (system analysis and synthesis of normative and practical materials, etc.) and special legal methods of legal research (comparative, of interpretation of legal norms, etc.). The main conclusions of the study are, in particular, provisions according to which it iss established that national peculiarities of legal framework of activities of business companies in China are manifested in the conditions of formation of the authorized capital (the timing, amounts and types of payment, including payments at the time of registration), in the terms permitted by law to their participants; in the definition of the laws with regard to the quorum of the General meetings and number of votes for adoption of their decisions; in the composition, competence and responsibility of the Board of Directors and Supervisory Board; in the requirement of PRC law to establish companies and ensure the work of the Communist Party and Trade Unions; in the procedure of liquidation that requires uniform implementation stages. The results presented in this article are the source of relevant and up to date information about the existing law of one of the fastest growing countries in the world, and thus can be useful for practitioners with ties to China, as well as law enforcement bodies in Russia. It also serves as a source of valuable information that enriches the domestic private law.
International Law and International Organizations, 2017-3
Belikova K.M. - Issues of qualification and contestation of the refusal of an international institution to initiate a request to its other branch at the request of a business entity: action or lack thereof? (on the example of the EEC and the EurAsEC in retrospect) pp. 44-52

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0633.2017.3.23459

Abstract:  The subject matter of this article is comprised of the legal aspects of qualification and contestation of the refusal of an international institution to initiate a request to its other branch at the request of a business entity on the example of the EEC and the EurAsEC, which have previously dealt with such issues. The author seeks the answer to the question whether such refusal is an action or inaction of this institution. The review covers the most important facets of law enforcement, including features of prejudicial inquiries. The author comes from the subjective-objective orientation of processes and phenomena in the surrounding world. From this position, the author uses general scientific methods (system analysis and synthesis of normative and practical materials, etc.) and special legal methods of legal research (comparative, of interpretation of legal norms, etc.). The main conclusion of the conducted research is the idea that various integration associations, formed in different regions of our planet, in the course of their development face the same challenges in the functioning of their institutional systems. The experience of the ones that have a longer life is always useful, because it allows finding practically applicable solutions based on tested samples, which may be significant for the future. The results presented in this article can be useful for practitioners who have ties with the EU and the EurAsEC, as well as for law enforcement bodies in Russia. They also serve as a source of valuable information that enriches the domestic private law.  
Law and Politics, 2016-7
Belikova K.M. - Collective agreements as the regulators of labor relations in South Africa: problems and prospects

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2016.7.19499

Abstract: The article addresses the issues of legal regulation of labor relations complicated by a foreign element within the BRICS countries on the example of South Africa. It identifies the main problems faced by countries with common law and civil law legal orders with regard to the inclusion of labor in the circulation of goods and services in the context of labor migration. The author offers a comparative legal study that opens opportunities to predict the direction in which economic coordination and integration with the participation of Russia could be further developed and relative legal regulations could be made in the future taking into account the urgent needs for the improvement of the existing Russian legislation. This work is done with the use of the following scientific methods: systemic analysis and synthesis of normative acts and practical materials, formal and dialectical logic: analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, hypothesis, analogy, and special methods of legal studies – comparative legal and historical-legal, systemic analysis and interpretation of legal norms. The novelty of the research consists in the attention to legal regulation, problems and prospects of activity of trade unions, including the possibility of concluding supranational (international) collective agreements, in one of the five BRICS countries belonging to different legal orders - South Africa. The author explores legal aspects of the activities of trade unions, trying to answer the question if there any preconditions for unification of the results of their activities - collective agreements.
Law and Politics, 2016-4
Belikova K.M. - Structuring a system of contractual associations engaged in business activities in the BRICS countries

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2016.4.18567

Abstract: The subject of this research is the corporate laws of the BRICS countries. The problematics of this association in Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa lately attracts a higher number of financial experts, scholars, and politicians. But this article contains results of a solution to a principally different issue. Having compiled and analyzed modern scientific material and current corporate legislation of the BRICS countries in the area of corporate contractual associations, the author carefully examines such aspects of the topic as the functionality and order of general and limited partnerships in the countries in question. The scientific novelty of this research is defined by the fact that this work in essence represents a first diverse, systemic and comprehensive research of the issues of legal regulation of the activities of contractual forms of business within the BRICS countries, conducted using modern scientific legal material, including materials from law enforcement.
Law and Politics, 2016-2
Belikova K.M. - Labour dispute-settlement with participation of a foreign element within the BRICS coun-tries: the example of Russia, India and South Africa

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2016.2.16846

Abstract: The article touches upon certain issues of labour dispute-settlement with participation of a foreign element within the BRICS countries on the example of Russia, India and SAR, and continues the study, initiated in the article “Some issues of labour dispute-settlement with participation of a foreign element within the BRICS countries: the example of Brazil and China” (Law and Politics, 2015). The author's attention is concentrated on the litigation and conciliation-arbitration methods of resolving disputes in the context of the court–based and out-of-court (prejudicial) forms of settlement, as well as subjective-objective predetermination of any processes.This work is done with the use of the following scientific methods: systemic analysis and synthesis of normative acts and practical materials, formal and dialectical logic: analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, hypothesis, analogy, and special methods of legal studies – comparative legal and historical-legal, systemic analysis and interpretation of legal norms.Scientific novelty of the research is determined by the fact that this work is essentially the first comprehensive and systematic study of the problems of legal framework of labor relations complicated by a foreign element within the BRICS countries in modern conditions. The problems of Russia and foreign countries-participants of the BRICS - Brazil, India, China and South Africa – have been recently attracting the attention of economists, scientists, politicians. However, the article contains the results of solving fundamentally different tasks, thus current scientific material and labour laws two of the five BRICS countries have been collected and analyzed in the context of labour dispute-settlement within their legal orders.
Law and Politics, 2016-1
Belikova K.M. - Some issues of labor dispute-settlement with participation of a foreign element within the BRICS countries: the example of Brazil and China

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2016.1.16437

Abstract: The article touches upon certain issues of labor dispute-settlement with participation of a foreign element within the BRICS countries on the example of Brazil and China – two countries that have diametrically opposite views on the approaches to such a settlement, while reaching, at times, similar results. The author's attention is concentrated on the litigation and conciliation-arbitration methods of resolving disputes in the context of the court–based and out-of-court (prejudicial) forms of settlement, as well as subjective-objective predetermination of any processes. Scientific novelty of the research is determined by the fact that this work is essentially the first comprehensive and systematic study of the problems of legal framework of labor relations complicated by a foreign element within the BRICS countries in modern conditions. The problems of Russia and foreign member-states of the BRICS - Brazil, India, China and South Africa – have been recently attracting the attention of economists, scientists, and politicians. However, the article contains the results of solving fundamentally different tasks, thus current scientific material and labor laws two of the five BRICS countries have been collected and analyzed in the context of labor dispute-settlement within their legal orders.
Law and Politics, 2015-3
Belikova K.M. - The effects of the provisions of special legislation on the positions of contractual law within the BRICS countries: ban on certain types of contracts by the antimonopoly legislation

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2015.3.13273

Abstract: This article reviews the ban on certain types of contracts by the antimonopoly legislation within the BRICS countries. The freedom of contract is a principle that is defined by the legal regulation, and limitations within it are extremely rare. The handling of the possible limitations to the freedom of contract is conducted by the antimonopoly authorities within the Russian legislation and legislation of the BRICS countries. The author comes to several conclusions, including that the antimonopoly legislation in all of the examined countries contains a number of limitations, and enacts bans regarding the subject of any type of agreements (contracts) that the companies sign. It is also concluded that the banned agreements can be legalized if their positive effects outweigh the negative consequences.
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