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Publications of Bozhenkova Kseniya Alekseevna
Pedagogy and education, 2020-2
Bozhenkova K.A. - Peculiarities of life path perception by older people experienced gerontological abuse pp. 1-14


Abstract: This work is aimed at determination of peculiarities of life path perception by older people who have experienced gerontological abuse. One of the methods of studying personality lies in consideration of the uniqueness of a life path. Therefore, within the framework of this research the author examines the following indicators of event-meaningful structure of a life path: productivity of reproduction of life events; efficiency of reproduction of the events of various level of subjective significance; average time of retrospection and anticipation; frequency of occurrence of different types of life events.. For identification of the peculiarities of life path perception was used the method of “Psychological autobiography” of E. Y. Korzhova, questionnaire of P. V. Puchkov aimed at detection of gerontological abuse. The study involved 277 respondents: 204 persons who have experienced gerontological abuse, and 73 persons without such experience. The specificities of subjective picture of a life path among older people who have gone through gerontological abuse are defined by narrowness of meaningful experiences in reproducing images of the life path, weak differentiation of events, retrospection of events into the past, close mind with regards to building the future. Prevalence of the types of life events associated with personality and psychological changes and transformations of social environment, which psychological content suggests that emotional states, as the important indicator for satisfaction of needs, can become the regulators of behavior of older people who experienced gerontological abuse, unlike older people with no such experience, whose personality and psychological events are related with realization of particular goals.
Psychology and Psychotechnics, 2019-4
Bokhan T.G., Galazhinskii E.V., Bozhenkova K.A., Terekhina O.V., Ul'yanich A.L. - Personal predictors of the subjective assessment of quality of life among elderly people pp. 101-111


Abstract: The goal of this research is to determine personal resources as potential predictors of the quality of life of elderly people. The article cites data of the survey conducted on 277 elderly people, aged from 55 to 85 (220 women and 57 men), who were divided into two groups: the first is cluster group are those dissatisfied with their physical wellbeing, experience more limitations in their physical activity execution of daily routine due to their overall health; second cluster group mostly expresses satisfaction with their physical and psychological functionality. As the diagnostic tool, this work employed the following: SF-36 questionnaire (J. Ware), “Differential Emotions Scale” (C. Izard), “Psychological Autobiography” (E. Y. Korzhova); assessment of the degree of openness/closedness to self and the world (natural, social, cultural), Assessment of Coping Strategies in Different Fields (E. Haim), “Value Orientations” M. Rokeach. It turned out that respondents from the second cluster group possess a more positive modality of temporal transspective and semantic saturation, accomplishment of the life path, system of coping strategies that allows distancing from hardships, keeping hope and assuredness in a positive outcome of any situation, openness towards themselves and the social world, value of health, happy family life, and productive life.  
Psychology and Psychotechnics, 2019-1
Bozhenkova K.A. - Coping Strategies Used by Elderly People Who Had Experienced Gerontological Violence pp. 119-128


Abstract: The aim of the research is to identify the dominant coping strategies in difficult life situations as well as behavioral strategies as a possible witness of gerontological violence. In order to carry out a more detailed analysis of the characteristics of coping strategies in the group of elderly people with experience of gerontological violence, the coping strategies of the respondents of cluster groups, selected according to the criteria of openness / closeness to themselves, the cultural, social and natural world, were subjected to comparative analysis. This criterion is considered as a psychological resource of human self-development. As a diagnostic tool, the following methods were used: “Assessment of coping strategies in different fields” (E.Haim), a questionnaire aimed at studying the psychological content of gerontological violence (P. V. Puchkov, 2009), in particular, to analyze behavioral strategies the authors focus on respondents' answers to the questions “If you witnessed violence directed at older people, what would you do?”. Bozehnkova has used the following methods of statistical processing: descriptive statistics and Pearson χ2. It has been revealed that elderly people who have experienced gerontological violence expect to receive help in coping with emotional experiences from the outside, either through “passive cooperation” (they trust other people to overcome their difficulties) or by asking for help, which is confirmed by a statistically significant frequency of behavioral coping strategy "appealing to others". They can resort to various sedatives as evidenced by the coping strategy “compensation” which is more often used than the control group.
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