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Publications of Aleinik Raisa Mikhailovna
Philosophical Thought, 2017-8
Aleinik R.M. - Anniversary of the Reformation as a motive for discussing the nature of faith pp. 93-101


Abstract: On the 500th anniversary of the Reformation, the question of God and the essence of faith is not removed from the agenda. Luther, who initiated a debate with the Roman Church on indulgence and repentance, was not going to enter into battle with her, but it happened and has lasted all these centuries. The current celebration of this anniversary takes place in the context of a search for dialogue between churches. This is a new ecumenism, the ecumenism of personalities, ready to borrow each other's experience. The Russian Orthodox Church remained aloof from this confrontation, but traveled along its twisty path in the twentieth century from being subject to persecution to entering a time of a pro-Orthodox consensus: the majority of the population consider Orthodoxy an important element of Russian identity. But this consensus exists in the conditions of pluralism of ideologies and creeds. There is complexity in relation to confessional norms within the ROC. We still do not have a single Old Believer identity. Different understandings mutually deny the Orthodox for each other. The ideal of normality is treated differently by representatives of theology, philosophy and religious studies. Also, the question of the possibility of synthesizing science and faith, which is especially acute in the era of the "knowledge society", is also ambiguously interpreted. How is the problem of this kind being discussed by the Europeans? As the main source, the author uses the discussion between the Protestant theologian R. Bultman and the existential philosopher K. Jaspers who caused public resonance.R. Bultmann proposed to update the approach to the interpretation of Christian dogma, calling it the concept of demythologization based on the fundamental ontology of M. Heidegger. It received an ambiguous evaluation from contemporaries and prompted discussion from K. Jaspers. These materials have been published. They represent the main source of this article. The author relies on the methodological principles of historical and philosophical research, the methodology of sociology of religion and philosophical religious studies, hermeneutic analysis. The discussion touches on questions of faith and Revelation, faith and language, faith and truth, scientific and existential understanding of history. Attention is drawn to the qualitative level of this polemic, demonstrating the profound meaningfulness of the discussion and the very dialogic truth that M. Bakhtin, M. Buber, N. Lossky, E. Levinas, and K. Levi-Strauss proclaimed and the will to communicate.
Philosophical Thought, 2013-6
Aleinik R.M. - Cognition and World View: Naturalistic Position pp. 40-67


Abstract: The subject matter of the article is the epistemology from the point of view of the New Naturalism in comparison with the term 'world view'. The author of the article views the main approaches to epistemology in classical and non-classical philosophy and describes their pluses and minuses. The author also discusses the concepts of naturalization of epistemology (in particular, the concept offered by Jean-Marie Schaeffer) and the developmet of the naturalistic tradition in philosophical anthropology and socio-humanitarian sciences. The naturalistic approach offers a new view on ideology and allows to harmonize the relations of human with the world and himself. The purpose of the present article is to evaluate the advantages of this approach to epistemology. The set of methods used in the research includes the comparative method and the historical approach that is based on the concept of global evolutionism. This approach allows to eliminate the dichotomy between nature and culture. The present research can be used in a general philosophy course (the topics 'Subject matter of the philosophy' and 'the problem of human in the philosophy') as well as in the philosophy of science (researches of the most recent scientific paradigms). 
Philosophical Thought, 2013-3
Aleinik R.M. - 'Naturalistic' Turn of Philosophical Anthropology pp. 139-169


Abstract: The subject of the article is the New Naturalism conception in human research. The purpose of the article is to evaluate the merits of this approach to anthropology. Naturalism is a cognitive principle in philosophical anthropology stressing out human identity in evolution of forms of biological life. Acording to the founders of the conception (Sheffer and others), it is far from being the reductionism. In his research the author of the article uses a comparative method and a historical approach that is based on the concept of global evolutionism. A number of researchers devoted to the Naturalism conception remind us that not all cultural traditions are founded on the  dichotomy  of culture and nature. It is typical mostly for Europeans. In the long run, this stereotype gave birth to the global problems of industrial civilization that are so difficult to be solved now. Naturalism approach allows to avoid the binary opposition between nature and culture. The results of this research can be used in a course of general philosophy, human research, philosophy of science and researches of new scientific paradigms. 
SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2013-2
Aleinik R.M. -


Philosophy and Culture, 2011-12
Aleinik R.M. -
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