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Philosophical Thought
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Publications of Boldin Pavel Nikolaevich
Philosophical Thought, 2017-9
Boldin P.N. - Atomism and semiotic analogy in the ontology of natural history pp. 59-74

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2017.9.20608

Abstract: The problem of correlation between the discrete and continuous is reflected in the atomistic approach towards the model concepts in the natural history. Atomism, besides the special scientific measurement, has deep philosophical roots, which over the recent time attract meticulous attention. The article talks about the relationship of atomism with the semiotic analogy, claiming the similarity of the role of atoms in existence with the role of alphabetic letters in the language. Modern natural history does not reduce atomism only to the physical atomism, but rather considers it in broader context – as a universal model applicable in other areas of science, particularly biology. Notably in biology, with achieving the molecular level of research, semiotic views acquired the necessary and natural character. Thus, relevant becomes the question of interrelation between atomism and semiotic analogy in the context of all subject fields of natural history, associated with the possibility for developing the universal ontological models, which would allow indicating any physical organization within the shared sense. The ways for resolving this question constitute the main subject of this study. Based on the set goal and the fundamental Interdisiplinarity of the research, the methods of comparison and analogy are applied, which allows not only identifying the invariants by comparing the existing actual data, but also carrying out the reconstruction in the cases with insufficiency of such data. The main results of the study imply the semiotic construction of ontological models of the chemical and biological organizations alongside the reconstruction of semiotic ontology of the post-biological models of organizations based on the actual material of modern natural history. The obtained results claim that the atomism and semiotic analogy manifest as the foundation for the development of ontological models in modern natural history.
Philosophy and Culture, 2017-6
Boldin P.N. - Semiotic ontology in ancient science pp. 25-35

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0757.2017.6.20577

Abstract: The establishment of ontological models of the accurate scientific knowledge is an urgent task, developed in the framework of realistic approaches. Major attention is focused on the problem of correlation between the theoretical objects and reality. Insufficient attention in this context is turned to the historical conditions of formation of the metaphysical foundations of exact sciences. At the same time, historical analysis of the primary attitudes allows identifying the initial meanings that appear to be natural. Therefore, the historical reconstruction of such process is relevant. The article presents such reconstruction, which considers the formation of ontological models of science over the period of antiquity. It is suggested that the basis of such ontologies lies in semiotic analogy that draws parallel between the communicative relations human/human and human/nature, realized in the perception of Speech or the Book of Nature. Leaning on the aforementioned statement, the reconstruction of ontological models is based on determination of the semiotic connotations of conceptual framework of the ontological models of the key philosophical doctrines. The conducted analysis allows claiming that the evolution of semiotic models in Ancient Greek philosophy during the transition from mythology to philosophy, as well as in terms of the main philosophical systems, was established on realization of the semiotic analogy. The difference between them is substantiated by the choice of science, the objects of which were taken as the ontological basis. As a result, in the context of Ancient Greek philosophy, the author identifies the three lines of development of the ontological models of science. The acquired results can be used for formulation of the questions of the ontology of science at present time.
Philosophy and Culture, 2017-5
Boldin P.N. - Semiotic ontology of science in the philosophy of Western Europe pp. 53-62

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0757.2017.5.20586

Abstract:   This article is dedicated to the historical reconstruction of evolution of the ontological models of science in Western European philosophy in throughout the Medieval Times and Renaissance. Their development is examined in the philosophical context, within the framework of which the core of worldview was Christianity, while the basis of ontological perceptions with regards to exact sciences was the Book of Nature. Metaphor of the Book of Nature was based on the semiotic analogy, which pursued correlations between the communication relations of human/human and human/nature.  Such ideology  is natural and its use as the foundation for ontological constructs was justified during the preceding period in the context of Ancient Greek philosophy. Semiotic ontology acquired its development in Medieval Times and Renaissance. The historical reconstruction is based on highlighting of the key directions of the evolution of ontological perceptions about reality from the universal perspectives. It is demonstrated that the ontological models develop within the three lines, depending on the subject of which science is taken as the foundation for perceiving the reality. Naturalization became the reason of why the semiotic ontology in evolution of the scientific knowledge was abandoned, and thus, it resulted in the loss of primary meanings. Historical reconstruction allows restoring these meanings, and its results can be relevant to modern research in the field of the ontology of science.  
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