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Publications of Zebzeeva Valentina Alekseevna
Modern Education, 2017-4
Zebzeeva V.A. - The use of models and modeling in ecological education of preschool children pp. 76-84


Abstract: The subject of study is the ecological education of preschool children, formation of children's ideas about the interrelations in nature. The relevance of the study relates to the need of modern society into comprehensively developed young generation, having developed skills, creative activity, owning culture of environmental awareness. Environmental education aimed at the preservation and reasonable use of natural resources based on knowledge of the laws of nature. In this regard, there is a constant search for effective methods and forms of ecological education of preschool children. The modeling method allows intuitive and accessible for children to reproduce the hidden properties and communications of the natural object. The ability to visual spatial modeling is one of the fundamental specific human abilities.The research methodology was based on the study of the views of preschool children about the interrelations in nature, skill in building the simplest models that reflect the relationships in nature. As research methods were used analysis and generalization of literature, conversation, practical tasks and observations of different activities of children.The results showed that the positive dynamics in ecological education of preschool children is achieved through the development of children's visual spatial modelling, use of models, fixing a logical sequence with natural texts, acting as plan, provide understanding of children's relationships and dependencies that exist in nature; the use of complex models: a subject – allowing to reproduce the structure, characteristics, internal and external relationship of real objects and phenomena of nature; subject – schematic – allows you to select the characteristics, relations and objects of nature, which helps to understand the value of protective coloration of animals; graphical models transmitting signs, ties and relationships of natural phenomena.
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