Sociodynamics
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Publications of Ippolitov Vladimir Aleksandrovich
Genesis: Historical research, 2016-6
Ippolitov V.A. - Socio-political attitudes of the members of Komsomol during the mid-1930s pp. 36-48

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2016.6.17451

Abstract: This article analyzes the socio-political moods of Komsomol members over the period of 1934-1936 in the following aspects: assessment of the work of country’s leadership, perception of party’s policy in the village, relation to assassination of S. M. Kirov, and cancellation of the ration stamp. The main sources for this research became the unpublished archive materials from the State Archives of Socio-Political History of Tambov Oblast and Voronezh Oblast. In Komsomol’s history of this little-studied period, the author observes the consistent connection between the economic situation of the country and political attitudes of the youth. The theory of nationalization of Komsomol, according to which Komsomol is considered a peculiar Soviet “youth ministry” or interlink between the state and the youth, became basic for examination of the historical and Komsomol issues. The study of the public moods of the members of Komsomol allows evaluating the socio-cultural phenomenon of Komsomol more objectively. The scientific novelty consists in reframing of the controversial socio-political attitudes of the youth. The author concludes that a significant part of Komsomol members assessed the situation in the country rather critically. But it was dangerous to openly demonstrate such attitude due to the possibility of repressions by the government. The author notes that the mechanisms of repressions were used inside the Komsomol organizations during the mid-1930’s.
Genesis: Historical research, 2016-3
Ippolitov V.A. - Dekulakization in the Central Black Earth Region at the brink of the 1920s 1930s: the role of Komsomol pp. 42-56

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2016.3.17574

Abstract: This article examines the role of Komsomol organizations in dekulakization of the Russian peasantry in the late 1920’s – early 1930’s.  Mechanism of youth participation in elimination of the kulaks as a social class is being revealed. The author demonstrates the contradictory attitude of the members of Komsomol towards this campaign, as well as examines the causes of attempt on the life of members of Komsomol by peasants. The geographical frameworks of this research contain the territory of Central Black Earth Region of RSFSR. The materials and documents from the State Archive of Sociopolitical History of Tambov Oblast comprised the foundation for this article. Special attention is given to the analysis of documents of the initial Komsomol organizations, which allows the author to determine the peculiarities of their activity and the attitudes of the regular members of the union, as well as to better understand the sociocultural phenomenon of Komsomol.  On the author’s opinion, the significant role of Komsomol in dekulakization is justified by the multiple facts of attempts on life and murders of the Komsomol members, as well as by presence of the big portion of the representatives of the poorest strata of the peasantry. The reputation of Komsomol in the villages was significantly undermined. The terms and the methods of conducting of campaign (later condemned) were dictated to Komsomol by the higher authorities. The active efforts of Komsomol were accompanied by constant threats of being excluded from the union. But majority of the Komsomol members did not support the idea of class warfare and preferred to remain neutral. A small part of the youth had openly protested the anti-peasantry policy of the party.
Sociodynamics, 2016-3
Ippolitov V.A. - Regulatory factors of the social composition of Komsomol during the 1931-1935 pp. 126-136

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.3.17789

Abstract: This article explores the following regulatory factors of the social composition of Komsomol during the 1931-1935: collectivization, struggle for a multimillion union, and strengthening of the proletarian core. The source base for this article consists of the unpublished archive materials from the funds of the State Archive of the Sociopolitical History of Tambov Oblast, State Archive of Tambov Oblast, and State Archive of Sociopolitical history of Voronezh Oblast. This work is prepared on the materials of the Central Black Earth Oblast of the RSFSR. The author sees Komsomol as a sociocultural phenomenon, and attempts to generalize both, the positive, as well the negative experience. The base theory for studying the Komsomol historical issues is the theory of governmentalization of Komsomol: the union is viewed as the chain link between the state and the youth. In the history of Komsomol of this little-studied period, the author sees a steady connection between the political party and the criteria of social selection of candidates for Komsomol. The author makes a conclusion that by the mid 1930’s the leading factors of regulation of the social composition of Komsomol organizations were working or kolkhoz background, loyalty to the “general party line”, and political savvy. Strict regulation of the class composition produced negative influence on the quality of the work of Komsomol.
Sociodynamics, 2016-2
Ippolitov V.A. - The system of political enlightenment in Komsomol in the first half of the 1930s pp. 196-225

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.2.17586

Abstract: This article examines the system if political enlightenment in the first half of the 1930’s, as well as the forms, methods, tasks, and results of the political education within the youth union. The author thoroughly reviews the flaws of the political education: weak propaganda campaign, “seasonal work”, insufficient material base, etc. The ways of work organization, their methodological provision, and the attitude of Komsomol members towards education is demonstrated. During the course of this research, the author used the materials from the State Archives of the Socio-Political History of Tambov Oblast and Voronezh Oblast; the article is prepared based on materials of the Central Black Earth Oblast. The theory of governmentalization of Komsomol, when the union is viewed as interlink between the government and the youth, became fundamental for the study of the historical Komsomol issues. Political enlightenment is studied as an imperative part of the system of party control over Komsomol. The author illustrates the reorientation of political education within Komsomol in favor of carrying out of predominantly educational functions. The conclusion is made that in the province, the effectiveness of political education remained low. The system of political education did not provide comprehensive knowledge, rather raised obedient executors of the party’s directives.  The political education encouraged further “dogmatization” of the young generation.
Sociodynamics, 2016-1
Ippolitov V.A. - Fight against the foreign in the youth union as an element of the system of political control over Komsomol organizations during the early 1930s pp. 262-272

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.1.17232

Abstract: This article analyzes the regulation of social membership of Komsomol in the first half of 1930’s. This process is examines as a comprising element of the political control over Komsomol organizations. In the history of Komsomol of this little-studied period, the author sees a typical connection between the party’s policy with the criteria of social selection of those who enters the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League. The main sources for this work became the unpublished archive materials from the State Archives of the Public Political History of Voronezh Oblast and Tambov Oblast. The study of the aspects of sanctions policy in Komsomol was conducted by taking into account the state character of this organization. The author comes to the conclusion that in the first half of the 1930’s, there was observed class cleansing of the union, as well as the gradual fight of the party against the “theory of rehabilitation of the young kulaks” in the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League. The author demonstrates that a harsh regulation of the class membership had a negative effect upon the quality of work of the Komsomol.
Sociodynamics, 2015-11
Ippolitov V.A. - The Komsomol Light Cavalry raids of 1934-1935 as means of developing social activity among the youth pp. 168-181

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2015.11.1678

Abstract: This article presents the analysis of the activity of the Komsomol “Light Cavalry” in the middle of the 1930’s, and examines the structure and work of this branch of Komsomol. The main sources for this article were the unpublished archive materials from the State Archive of Socio-Political History of Voronezh Oblast (SASPHVO), as well as the materials from the “Molodoy Kommunar” newspaper from the 1930’s. Within the history of Komsomol during this little-studied period, the author examines the cooperation of this youth organization and the state apparatus, and systematically studies the activity of the “Light Cavalry” of the Komsomol in the fight against bureaucracy and mismanagement. The theory of governmentalization of Komsomol became the basis for studying the historical Komsomol issues: Komsomol is being viewed as the Soviet “Youth Ministry”; the link between the state and the youth. The experience of the Komsomol activity of being assessed from the general public and state positions. The scientific novelty of this work consists in the reexamination of the experience of the Communist Youth League in getting youth to actively participate in social activity. The author concludes the “Light Cavalry” raids (with all its negative aspects) have overall brought substantial positive results.
Politics and Society, 2015-9
Ippolitov V.A. - Komsomol Members in Kolkhozes: contradictory results of the activities in the first half of the 1930-s

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0684.2015.9.15093

Abstract: The article analyses the activity of the provincial Komsomol organisations in the sphere of strengthening of kolkhozes in the first half of the 1930-s. The following activities of the members of the communistic union of youth are considered: development of crop agriculture and animal husbandry, socialist competition, cleansings of kolkhozes from "alien" elements. Unpublished archival materials from the funds of the State Archive of Socio-political History of the Tambov Region (SASPHTR) became the main sources for article. In the history of Komsomol of this low-studied period the author sees both the huge creative capacity of Komsomol, and also opposing features of activity. The basis for the study of historical Komsomol problems was the theory of governmentalisation of Komsomol, according to which Komsomol is considered as a peculiar Soviet "ministry of youth", a linchpin between the state and the youth. Scientific novelty of the article lies in the reconsideration of the role of provincial Komsomol in the development of the kolkhoz system in the beginning of 1930-s. As a result of the research the author comes to a conclusion that Komsomol members played a significant role in consolidation of the kolkhoz system. In general, the results of the activity of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League organisations in the villages were ambiguous: along with useful undertakings there were also cleansings, whistleblowing and extremist behaviour.
Genesis: Historical research, 2015-5
Ippolitov V.A. - Regulation of social structure of the Komsomol organization of the Central Black Earth Oblast at the initial stage of thorough collectivization pp. 226-242

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2015.5.17235

Abstract: The author examines the following factors of regulation of social structure of Komsomol in the early 1930’s: collectivization, fight against “centering” of the union, strengthening of the brotherly-proletarian core. In the history of Komsomol of this little-studied period, the author notices a legitimate connection between the policy of the party and the criteria of social selection of those who entered the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League. The author comes to a conclusion that in the early 1930’s that the ideal characteristics of the members of Komsomol were considered proletarian-poor descent, commitment to the “general line of the party”, as well as membership in the collective farm (kolkhoz). The main sources for this article became the unpublished archive materials from the funds of State Archives of Public Political History of Voronezh Oblast and Tambov Oblast. It is demonstrated that the strict regulation of the party’s structure according to the class affiliation negatively affected the quality of the work of Komsomol. The scientific novelty consists in the reframing of the importance of social selection in the youth communist union.
Genesis: Historical research, 2015-4
Ippolitov V.A. - Activity of Komsomol as a factor of strengthening of a collective-farm system in the first half 1930 x years pp. 408-422

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2015.4.15042

Abstract: In article activity of provincial Komsomol in area organizationally – economic strengthening of collective farms in the first half of the 1930th is analyzed. The following activities of members of the union are considered: elimination of an obezlichka, piecework introduction, strengthening of a brigade form of the organization of work. For studying of historical and Komsomol problems the theory of nationalization of Komsomol according to which the Komsomol is considered as peculiar Soviet "the ministry of youth", a link between the state and youth became basic. The basis of istochnikovy base of article was made by unpublished archival materials of funds of the State Archive of Socio-political History of the Tambov Region. Objectivity of approach of the author was shown in aspiration to overcome ideological stereotypes as in studying of a social and economic situation, and Komsomol, in search of the methods of source study criticism allowing to overcome biased submission of information in official documents. Scientific novelty of article consists in reconsideration of a role of provincial Komsomol in an organizational and economic ukrpeleniye of collective farms at the beginning of 1930 – x years. As a result of research the author comes to a conclusion that Komsomol members played the major role in strengthening of a collective-farm system. As a result of collectivization the provincial Komsomol became the organization collective-farm. Nevertheless, use of All-Union Leninist Young Communist League in various economic campaigns contradicted the main functions of the organization.
Genesis: Historical research, 2015-2
Ippolitov V.A. - Provincial Komsomol of the first half 1930th years as object of political control pp. 1-24

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2015.2.14250

Abstract: In article it is analyzed the system of political control over the Komsomol organizations of the first half of the 1930th. It is considered such elements as political enlightenment, the party leadership, control of social contingent, struggle with right and left opposition. It is detail considered the Problems of political education of youth. It is investigated Participation of Komsomol in economic and political campaigns (collectivization, dispossession of kulaks, grain-collections). It is involved the subject of resistance of Komsomol members to policy of communist party. The special attention is paid to studying of the mechanism of political cleanings in the Komsomol organizations.A geographical framework of research includes the territory of Kozlowski and Tambov districts. After elimination of districts in the summer of 1930 it were considered the materials of the areas which were located in the territory of the modern Tambov region. Research is based on the principles of dialectics, historicism and objectivity. It used general scientific methods: complex analysis, synthesis, description.Scientific novelty of work consists in complex research of system of political control over Komsomol. Previously these tasks for this period of time the scientists were not stated. As a result of research, we came to the conclusion that political control covers all areas of Komsomol life. The main task of political control was to develop young people need the power behaviors . The system of political education in rural conditions were not perfect . The Using of Komsomol was in the various economic campaigns contrary to the educational function of the state.
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