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Publications of Manoilo Andrei Viktorovich
World Politics, 2018-3
Neimatov A.Y. - The Outlines and Scripts Color Revolution in Tajikistan pp. 107-112

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8671.2018.3.18488

Abstract: This article analyzes the possible prerequisites for the scenario of color revolutions in Tajikistan. It is known that Tajikistan today is included in "at risk" in relation to the color revolutions; above his priority for the organizers and writers of color revolutions are only Kazakhstan, Armenia, Uzbekistan, and in the second tier, Kyrgyzstan. Results of the analysis of network activity of opposition groups in Tajikistan suggest that the country is in the phase of preparation of "colored" coup - that is in the same phase of the color revolution scenario, which includes all pre-service training, and carried out in compliance with the conditions of secrecy. In Tajikistan, in the current form of government, there are at least two political forces, which can be used by political technologists color revolutions for organizing mass protests and armed rebellion: it is the Islamists, whose activities are generally coordinated by representatives of the "Islamic State"; and pro-American "supporters of European values" opposed Tajikistan's participation in the Eurasian integration projects, in which the leading role played by Russia. The limiting factor for the color revolution in Tajikistan is the military presence of Russia (201st base) and Tajikistan's membership in the SCO and the CSTO - the organizations, providing regional security.
Trends and management, 2017-1
Kalachev D.N. - Intra-contradiction as a development factor in Russia-NATO relations pp. 16-28

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2017.1.16153

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the analysis of the internal contradictions in the Russia - NATO relations. The object of the study is the system of relations between the Russian Federation and NATO; while the subject is problems and contradictions in the aforementioned relations at present stage. The author identifies the three types of internal contradictions: general internal contradictions between Russia; contradictions within NATO; and internal contradictions of the countries. The internal contradictions in Russia – NATO relations are divided into ideological, economic, military, and political. The first tyoe of contradictions is the internal contradictions. The second type is the conflict between dominance of the United States and reluctance of the European member-states go far beyond the regional framework. The third kind is contradiction within the United States, between European members of the Alliance, and the internal contradictions of Russia. Such contradictions currently exert significant pressure upon the process of interaction between the parties in the area of national security of the Russian Federation.
Politics and Society, 2016-9
Neimatov A.Y. - Risks and threats of the color revolution in Kyrgyzstan

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0684.2016.9.15971

Abstract: The object of this research is the political situation and political process in the Kyrgyz Republic. The subject of this research is the risks and treats of the color revolution on Kyrgyzstan at the present stage. The author thoroughly examines the current political situation in Kyrgyzstan in the context of regional processes that destabilize the situation in Central Asia., as well as draws peculiar attention to the color revolutions, which are used by the West as the main instruments of political destabilization and dismantlement of the political regimes. It is noted that the modern color revolutions consists in the techniques of the government overthrows, in which the main mechanism is the youth protest movements that often on the collision courses with the authorities under nationalistic slogans. From the perspective of implementation of the color revolution scenarios, Kyrgyzstan remains in the high-risk zone for almost a decade. It is namely associated with its geostrategic location in Central Asia, as well as participation in the Eurasian integration projects. The risks of the color revolution just prior to the 2015 Parliamentary elections in Kyrgyzstan are justified by the presence of the constantly existing source of political instability in the Osh Region (the unofficial capital of the southern part of Kyrgyzstan); as well as by the unsolved problems pertaining to the distribution of power among the northern and southern elites, which bring a schism into the society, and also by the fact that the Kyrgyz Republic among all countries of Central Asia is the “weakest link” that is the easiest to break. In addition to these factors, the majority of the residents are villagers, usually with a poor level or lack of education, who could be easily affected by the pro-American or Islamist campaign or propaganda.
International relations, 2016-3
Bocharnikov I.V. - Corruption as a global problem of modernity

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2016.3.16445

Abstract: The article analyzes the modern international aspects of corruption and its manifestations in the leading foreign states: the USA, Great Britain, Germany, France and the European Union. Using the concrete examples, the author proves that government agencies of these countries are systemically affected by corruption. At the same time, the regularly published global press-release of the “Transparency International” organization about the corruption perception in different countries and regions assigns them to the countries with a low level of corruption. The research methodology is based on the system, structure-functional, comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. Russia, according to the “Transparency International” index, is traditionally among the countries with a high level of corruption, comparable with the African states. The author quotes the data of the latest published press-release, which demonstrate the partiality of its assessment of the corruption situation in different countries, used as an instrument of states discrediting for different reasons, comfortable for the USA and its allies. 
Law and Politics, 2016-3
Manoilo A.V. - Models of political decision-making in the Russian Federation: the evolution of management paradigms

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2016.3.17453

Abstract: This article reveals the evolutionary process of the formation of patterns of development and political decision-making in the Russian Federation on the national state level. The author notes that during the recent history of Russia (since the founding of the Russian Federation in 1991) in the country has consistently had three models of development and management decision-making: a polycentric, vertically centralized and combined (currently in force).The methodological basis of the research is a systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation.Each of the article patterns of development and political decision-making (polycentric, vertically centralized and combined) corresponds to the socio-political formation of the Russian state at certain stages of its development and gave way to the next model influenced by fundamental changes in the political life of Russian society, which entailed a substantial change in the political system and the political regime in Russia. Together, all three models are the stages of the same evolutionary process, which allows extrapolation to predict the changes that await action today in the Russian Federation combined model of development and political decision-making in the future.
International relations, 2016-3
Filippov V.R. - The role of Paris in the Congolese drama

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2016.3.17692

Abstract: Using the method of historical reconstruction, the author explains the causes and the nature of the latent civil war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire) - one of the longest and the bloodiest conflicts on the continent for the entire post-colonial period. The comprehensive analysis of the little-known historical sources (memoirs of participants of the events, investigative journalism, evidence of well-known politicians and diplomats) allows finding out the motives and the goals of all parties to the conflict in the domestic and international opposition. Particular attention is drawn to the role of France, Belgium and the United States in the unleashing of a civil war in the Congo (Zaire), as well as to the specific manifestations of the "Françafrique" geopolitical doctrine in this confrontation. The author shows the close connection between the events in the Republic of the Congo and the genocide of the Tutsis sociolinguistic groups in Rwanda. The author concludes that the Fifth Republic has for long supported the regime of the Congolese dictator Mobutu, providing it with political cover, ensuring financial assistance and, if necessary, protecting the odious policies in order to maintain economic and political preferences of Paris in this region rich in uranium, copper, coltan. The author believes that the Congolese war was a clear indication of the struggle for the redistribution of the spheres of influence in Africa between the old and the new actors of international relations.
Politics and Society, 2016-3
Filippov V.R. - France Secret War in Biafra

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0684.2016.3.18323

Abstract: Using the method of historical reconstruction, the author finds out the cause and nature of the Nigerian civil war in 1967-1970. It is one of the bloodiest conflicts on the African continent for the entire post-colonial period. Comprehensive analysis of historical sources, including materials of mass media, memoirs of participants of events, investigative journalism, interviews with famous politics and diplomats, allows you to bring to light the explicit and implicit motives and goals of all parties of the conflict in this bloody confrontation. Particular attention is drawn to elucidating the role of the UK, France, USA, Soviet Union, as well as a number of African countries (such as Gabon and Ivory Coast) in the outbreak of the Civil War in Republic of Nigeria, on the specific manifestations of the geopolitical doctrine of "françafrique" in this conflict. The close connection has been shown between the events in the Republic of Nigeria and the Igbo genocide sociolinguistic groups in the Nigerian region of Biafra. The conclusion that the Elysee Palace for three years supported the Biafran separatists, providing them with logistical and military aid, providing political and diplomatic support to the self-proclaimed Republic of Biafra in order to maintain economic and political preferences of Paris in this oil-rich region. The author believes that the civil war in the Republic of Nigeria has been clear evidence of latent confrontation between France, on the one hand and Anglo-Saxon (US and UK), on the other. And, also, the following conclusion is substantiate – that the assistance of the Soviet Union rendered to the Federal Government of Nigeria was due to the desire to extend the influence of communist ideology in the countries of tropical Africa.
Trends and management, 2016-2
Maiorov R.N. - Political theory in the United States as the space for formation of national ideology

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2016.2.13058

Abstract: This article explores the peculiarities and internal contradictions of the U. S. political theory, as well as its ability to form national ideology and feed the national idea of American people at the present stage. The U. S. political theory was initially developing as a special chapter of the American political science, called to establish both, the effectiveness of American political science, as well as the American political system. The author determines and formulates the systemic limitations imposed by the imitation of the American political theory by the natural science disciplines and following the idea of “American exclusivity”. Declaring the freedom from values in the research, the U. S. political theory is in fact closely tied to the values of liberalism. This unique dogmatism in combination with rejection of criticism makes the American political theory similar to the Communist teachings, and resembles its ideology. It is also justified by the fact that the American Political Science Association does not really tolerate dissent in its ranks, as substantiated by the actual American political scientists. In the end, the contradictions accumulated in the area of political theory impede the truly objective political research and development of political science in the United States.
National Security, 2016-2
Neimatov A.Y. - Risks and threats of the color revolution in Tajikistan

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0668.2016.2.15854

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the analysis of possible prerequisites of realization of the scenario of color revolutions in Tajikistan. It is a known fact that today Tajikistan is in the “group of risk” with regards to color revolutions; among the countries of higher priority for the organizers of color revolutions are Kazakhstan, Armenia, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan is in the second echelon. The results of the analysis of the network activity of the opposition groups in Tajikistan allow concluding that currently the country is in the phase of preparation of the “color” government overthrow, in other words, in the phase of realization of the scenario of color revolution, which includes the entire preliminary preparation and is being conducted under conditions of secrecy. There are currently at least two political powers in Tajikistan which can be used as political technologists: the Islamists, whose activity is coordinated by the representatives of the “Islamic State”; and the pro-American oriented “supporters of the European values”, who is against of Tajikistan’s participation in the European integrational projects, the leading role in which is played by Russia. The preventive factor for the color revolution in Tajikistan is the military presence of Russia (the 201st military base) and the membership of Tajikistan in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the Collective Security Treaty Organization – the organizations that secure the regional security.  
Law and Politics, 2016-2
Manoilo A.V. - The volunteer factor in global policy and prospects of development of volunteer movement in Russia

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2016.2.16324

Abstract: The object of this study is volunteering as a socio-political phenomenon and as a factor influencing the global political process, the evolution of local armed conflicts and small wars. The subject of this study is the trends and patterns of the evolution of the role of volunteerism and volunteer movement in opposition to punitive force. The author draws attention to the fact that over the past few decades, the Russian volunteer movement convincingly proven effective in numerous small wars, local armed conflicts and peacekeeping operations.The methodological basis of the research is a systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation.High morale of the volunteers, their ideological, moral of values motivation allow us to speak about their high combat value, especially in reconnaissance and sabotage, guerrilla and civil wars, where relatively small, but well-coordinated teams of volunteers are able to withstand the far superior punitive forces. High resistance of volunteers manifested in the defense leads to the fact that the wars with their participation become especially intense, the pressure of which is usually unsustainable by the punitive forces; initiative in the offensive and willingness to sacrifice makes assault troops of volunteers essential in breaching fortified enemy positions, as well as raids deep into their base.
International relations, 2016-2
Ivanov S.M. - Islamic state as a threat to international security

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2016.2.17155

Abstract: The article studies the problem of the world community’s struggle against religious extremism represented by radical Islamic groups, which widely use the method of terrorism to achieve their criminal objectives. The author considers the military and political group “Islamic State” (IS) as the international terrorism vanguard aiming at gaining world supremacy under Islamic slogans. The so-called pseudo-Islam with all the attributes of medieval bigotry has nothing in common with real Islam as one of the main world religions. Particular states, political parties, NGOs and groups of people use the still existing ethno-confessional contradictions to their advantage and provoke new wars and conflicts between peoples. The research methodology is based on the system, structural-functional and comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and observation. The author states that the today’s civil wars between Sunnites and Shiites in Iraq and Syria have been triggered off with the help of Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Turkey. The donors of radical Islamites use the Islamic State and the related Islamic groups with Salafist and Wahhabist ideology to overthrow legal governments and seize power. The author concludes that such practices had resulted in the real threat to international security. 
International relations, 2016-2
Linke P. - Recent changes in Germany’s Policy in the Middle East

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2016.2.17456

Abstract: This article focuses on the recent changes in the current Middle East policy of the Federal Republic of Germany. The purpose of this study is to identify and formulate the main trends of the evolution of German foreign policy in the Middle East. The object of the study is the foreign policy of the Federal Republic of Germany in the Middle East and North Africa. The subject of this study includes the main trends and patterns of the evolution of the Middle East policy of the Federal Republic of Germany at the present stage of development of the system of international relations and the world politics.The methodological basis of the research is the system, structural and functional and comparative political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation.The author draws attention to the high level of political dynamics in the relations of the Federal Republic of Germany with the leading countries of the Middle East region, which allows us to conclude about the transformation of the paradigm of Germany's foreign policy in this region. Particular attention is paid to Germany's foreign policy relations with Iraq and Iran in a wide range of spheres and the role of Germany in resolving the Iranian crisis (related to the Iran nuclear deal) and Germany's participation in the coalition against international terrorism. The paper also draws certain historical parallels.
World Politics, 2016-2
Manoilo A.V. - Evolution of policymaking models in the Russian Federation pp. 12-16

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2016.2.17454

Abstract: The article reveals the evolution of policymaking models in the Russian Federation on the national state level. The author notes that in the modern Russian history (since the formation of the Russian Federation in 1991) three policymaking models have sequentially changed each other: the polycentric, the vertically centralized, and the combined. The latter one is currently functioning in the Russian Federation. The research methodology is based on the system, structural-functional, and comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and observation. Each of the mentioned policymaking models had corresponded with the socio-political formation of the Russian state on particular stages of its development and gave place to the next model under the influence of radical changes of the political life which caused significant changes in the political system and regime of the Russian Federation. Together the three models are the stages of one and the same evolutionary process, the extrapolation of which helps forecast those changes which the combined model is going to face nowadays. 
International relations, 2016-2
Bocharnikov I.V. - Origins and evolution of terror and terrorism in the world political practice

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2016.2.17783

Abstract: The article analyzes the evolution and the origins of terror and terrorism in the world political practice. For centuries, these phenomena had been the most radical ways to gain and assert political dominance within certain state-organized societies.The French Revolution was a special stage of their development, which institutionalized terror as a principle of revolutionary expediency. Subsequently, it served as justification of repressions against certain social groups and peoples in the major social and political convulsions of the XXth century. The research methodology is based on the system, structural-functional and comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and observation.As an effective means of gaining political dominance, terror and terrorism were also used by the leading countries in their colonial policy. The methods of terror were actively used by the United States against indigenous peoples in the XIX century, by Britain and other colonial powers and Nazi Germany before and during World War II.In the modern political practice, terror and terrorism have become a global problem, and are used to gain and assert dominance by certain states and their alliances and international terrorist organizations.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2016-2
Filippov V.R. - Republic of Biafra as a focus of French foreign politics

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2016.2.18324

Abstract: By the means of historical reconstruction the author inquires into the causes and the nature of the 1967-1970 civil war in Nigeria, which was one of the bloodiest conflicts on the African continent of the post-colonial period. A comprehensive analysis of historical sources, including media publications, witness recollections, investigations by the press, interviews with prominent politicians and diplomats, allows to shed light on the motives, both obvious and obscure, that drove both sides of this bloody conflict. The author focuses attention on defining the role of the United Kingdom, France, the USA, Soviet Union and certain African countries (such as the Republic of Gabon, and the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire) in igniting the civil war in the republic of Nigeria. The author also makes an accent on the effects of the Françafrique geopolitical doctrine in this conflict. The methodological basis of this work includes the systemic, structural-functional, comparative political approaches, as well as the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation.This work points out the firm connection between the events in Nigeria and the genocide of the Igbo people in the Biafra region of Nigeria. The author substantiates a conclusion that the Élysée Palace supported the separatists of Biafra for three years, offering logistical and military support, as well as political and diplomatic patronage to the self-proclaimed Republic of Biafra in order to protect the economic and political interests of Paris in this oil-rich region. The author considers that the civil war in Nigeria was a prominent sign of the hidden struggle between France, on one hand, and the Anglo-Saxon side (the USA, the UK). The author also substantiates the conclusion that the aid that Soviet Union offered Nigeria's federal government was intended as a means to spread the influence of communist ideology to the countries of tropical Africa. This research was performed with the financial support of Russian humanitarian science foundation, project № 15-01-00363 "Foreign intervention into third world country affairs during the Cold War period: multi-layered analysis experience". 
World Politics, 2016-2
Dobrokhotov L.N. - The Rise and Fall of Marco Rubio as a result of the first phase of the 2016 U.S. election campaign pp. 17-26

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2016.2.18758

Abstract: Based on the detailed analyses of the U.S. media reports, the author shows the political profile of the U.S Senator Marco Rubio, one of the leading Republican Party candidates for the next American presidency in the 2016 election. The author gives Rubio’s political biography and studies his possible connections with mafia formations and corporations during the U.S. Senate election campaign as the state of Florida candidate, and his five-year stay at the Senate. Based on the trustworthy sources, the author states that Rubio's work hadn't been remarkable for any practical results, and didn't bring any benefits to the state of Florida. The research methodology is based on the system, structural-functional and comparative-political approaches, the methods of anaysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and observation. The article studies the history of Rubio’s failure in the presidential campaign, during which he, despite his young age, handsome appearance and declamatory skills, had shown himself a weak, dependent on the political technologies politician, who didn’t manage to withstand a siege with such a political heavyweight as Donald Trump and the Senator from Texas, the same as Rubio Cuban American, Ted Cruz. The author comes to the conclusion that the emergence of such politicians as Marco Rubio on the political arena as the leading presidential candidates speaks for a serious degradation of intellect and will of the U.S. ruling elite. 
International relations, 2016-2
Filippov V.R. - Congo-Brazzaville in the "Françafrique" networks

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2016.2.19426

Abstract: Using the method of historical reconstruction, the author clears up the causes and the nature of the 1997 civil war in the Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville), one of the bloodiest conflicts on the African continent for the entire post-colonial period. Comprehensive analysis of historical sources, including media sources materials, memoirs of participants of the events and investigative journalism allow ascertaining the motives and the goals of all parties to the conflict in this cruel confrontation. Special attention is paid to elucidating the role of France and some African countries (such as Gabon, Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo) in the outbreak of the Civil War in the Republic of the Congo; to the specific manifestations of the geopolitical doctrine of "Françafrique" in the internal conflict in a sovereign country. The research methodology is based on the system, structural and functional and comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and observation. This article demonstrates the role of the French secret services, the lobbyist networks of Charles Pasqua and the oil company "Elf" in the establishment of dictatorial regimes of Fulbert Youlou and Denis Sassou Nguesso and the assassination of the President Marien Ngouabi, in the organization of the coup and the 1997 civil war inciting. The author concludes that the interference of the Elysee Palace in the internal affairs of the Republic of the Congo was conditioned by the will to preserve the allegiance of the Congo-Brazzaville from the former metropolitan country, to gain unconditional preferences in the development of the oil deposits of the Gulf of Guinea and to ensure military and political dominance in the strategically important region. The study is funded by the Russian Humanitarian Science Foundation (RHSF), Project number 15-01-00363 , "External interference in the internal affairs of the Third World countries in the period of the Cold War: the experience of a multi-level analysis ".
International relations, 2016-1
Neimatov A.Y. - Modern color revolutions in the context of the scientific-technological approach

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2016.1.15972

Abstract: The subject of this research is the modern knowledge and understanding of the nature of color revolutions, as well as the discussions over this phenomenon in the Russian and foreign science. The author draws attention to the fact that in the late XXth - the early XXIst century the new forms and methods of organizing take-overs, based on the use of methods of "soft power" - the so-called color revolutions, emerge. The author examines in detail a color revolution from the positions of the two alternative approaches - as a phenomenon and as a technology, agreeing with the opinion of the Russian experts, who believe that a modern color revolution is a technology of a take-over and main tool of political regimes dismantle which is based on the youth protest movement clashing with the authority under nationalist slogans. The signal to launch the technologies of color revolutions is the elections - the most convenient and the classic pretext involving the initiation of mass protests on the wave of allegations put forward by the opposition about the massive electoral fraud. This is the most classic pretext that had been used in color revolutions in Serbia, in the Orange Revolution in Ukraine, the Revolution of Roses in Georgia and in many other countries - the habitual and well-tested method, a cliché, a "democratic pattern." The methodological basis of the research is a system, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation.The Russian expert community today maintains two opposite points of view about the nature of color revolutions, which are expressed in the existence of the two hypotheses: phenomenological (which considers a color revolution as a phenomenon) and technological (which considers a color revolution as an instrument of political influence and as a political technology). The aim of this study is to identify the forms and methods of organizing and conducting color revolutions in the world.
Law and Politics, 2016-1
Filippov V.R. - French policy in Gabon

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2016.1.16066

Abstract: Using the method of historical reconstruction, the author reveals the essence of the French neo-colonial policies in point of Gabon after the Second World War. Comprehensive analysis of the unrenowned historical sources (materials of judicial and journalistic investigations, evidence of well-known politicians and diplomats) allows you to show the integral reliance of the political elite of this small but oil-rich African country on purely pragmatic interests of the owners of the Élysée Palace. This dependence is stipulated by the need of provision the Fifth Republic with oil and uranium. The methodological foundation consists in the systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The author substantiates the conclusion that the mechanism for implementation of this policy is typical of a latent French foreign policy: it consists in creation of corruption schemes, as well as secret agreements between political, military and business elites of the two countries. The Fifth Republic brings to power (and if necessary, keeps in power) independent leaders, who in turn provide the absolute favoritism towards Paris in the economic, political and military cooperation.
Trends and management, 2016-1
Neimatov A.Y. - Color Revolutions as an instrument of democratic transformation of traditional societies and dismantling of the political regimes

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2016.1.16091

Abstract:  The object of this work is the pseudo-revolutionary events, collectively referred to as the "color revolutions," which the author attributes to the results of the techniques of government overthrow using the resources and tools of the "soft power." The subject of this research is the technologies of color revolutions. The goal of this work is to determine the role of modern technologies of color revolutions in the transformation of traditional societies and dismantling of the political regimes. Analyzes and comparison is conducted on the views of various authors (political scholars, philosophers, international experts) on the nature of color revolutions, as well as the possible scenarios and schemes for their implementation. The methodological basis of the research consists of the systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches; methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, and observation. The author focuses attention on the fact that the so-called color revolutions are in fact special political technologies, containing all the features of this class of technology: these are the technologies of organizing a coup in the conditions of political instability, in which the pressure on the government is realized in the form of popular uprisings and revolts, with only surface signs of disaster. At the same time, despite its pronounced technological nature, it is impossible to ignore the phenomenological nature of these events, associated with the crisis and the collapse of the unipolar world and the formation of a new world order that is based on multipolarity. 
International relations, 2016-1
Karyakin V.V. - The chaos and order dychotomy - an environment of self-organizing mechanisms of modern international systems formation

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2016.1.16443

Abstract: The article is devoted to the synergetics as a theoretical basis of the political science. The author notes the appearance of the global information space, in which the technologies of info-physiological influence on human mentality are applied in the forms of people’s protest movement. Social medium obtained an absolutely new quality, transforming from the critical opposition to the functioning authority to the highly explosive substance. In this situation the external actors of international policy serve as a fuse, acting  with the aim to transform the political regime. The methodology of the research is based on the system, structural-functional, and comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, and observation. The contemporary political processes, taking place in different regions, raise the topical task of synergetic vision of socio-political processes and development of the new methodology of analysis and forecasting its dynamics, based on the self-organization principles of societal systems and the creation of new and effective control mechanisms.
International relations, 2016-1
Filippov V.R. - Chad: war of all against all

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2016.1.16829

Abstract: Using the method of historical reconstruction, the author shows the latent causes and the neo-colonial character of the civil war in the Republic of Chad - one of the longest and the bloodiest conflicts in Africa in the post-colonial period. Comprehensive analysis of the little-known historical sources (materials of judicial and investigative journalism, evidences of well-known politicians and diplomats) allows finding out the motives and goals of many different actors of the political process in the domestic and international conflict, and estimating the perspectives of future conflict resolution. The research methodology comprises the system, structural-functional, and comparative political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, and observation. The author focuses on clarifying the role of France in the civil war in Chad outbreak, and on its policy (the "Françafrique" policy) towards other countries involved in military operations - the United States, Libya, Sudan. The author demonstrates the close connection between the events in the Republic of Chad and the war in Darfur. The study substantiates the statement that the Fifth Republic has inspired and has been supporting for a long time interconfessional and interracisl confrontation in order to maintain the economic and political preferences of Paris in this uranium-rich and strategically important region. The study was funded by RHF project number 15-01-00363, "External interference in the internal affairs of the countries of the" third world "in an era of the "Cold War ": the experience of multilevel analysis".
Law and Politics, 2016-1
Manoilo A.V. - “Russian Spring” vs “Arab Spring”: Russia’s role in the stabilization of the Syrian conflict

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2016.1.16955

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the research of the civil war in Syria, which broke out as a result of the project of “color revolutions” and “controlled chaos” executed by the United States in the Middle East and North Africa. The article presents a detailed analysis of the goals, tasks, format, and methods of the fight in the Syrian conflict by the Syrian government, as well as those who belong to the irreconcilable “Islamic State” (condemned by the Russian Federation) and the “moderate” opposition. A special attention is given to the role of the United States, Turkey, and the royalty of the Persian Gulf. A separate place is dedicated to Russia’s foreign policy with regards to Syria in the fight against international terrorism within the context of complicated relations with the United States who also conduct their own antiterrorist operation in the region. The author states that it is namely Russia’s participation in the Syrian conflict effectively put the stop to the color revolution of Arab Spring, preserving Syrian statehood, and consequently enabling the Syrian people to choose their own future.
International relations, 2016-1
Bocharnikov I.V. - On the Eurasian geopolitical strategy of Russia

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2016.1.17115

Abstract: The article explains the prospects of the Eurasian geopolitical vector of Russian development.It is largely determined, on the one hand, by the traditionally hostile attitude of the leading European countries towards Russia. Over a long historical practice, the Russia's potential had been used to ensure the security of European countries; at the same time, these countries pursued the policy of weakening of Russia, and imposing the maximum damage on it, including its involvement in wars and armed conflicts. A similar kind of policy is carried out in relation to the Russian Federation by the United States and its European (NATO) allies. It demonstrates the futility of efforts to build mutually beneficial relations with European countries and the United States as a result of the reluctance on the part of the latter.The methodological basis of the research is the system, structural and functional, and comparative political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, and observation.Taking into account that Russia is a Eurasian state, it is necessary the use this circumstance for its effective development.The author of the paper defines the most promising directions of the Eurasian vector of Russian development and the preconditions of its formation, establishment, and practical implementation. 
Trends and management, 2016-1
Aryamova A.D. - The consequences of color revolutions and the role of Russia in overcoming the Middle Eastern and Ukrainian crises

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2016.1.17447

Abstract: This article analyzes the consequences of dismantling of the political regimes in the countries of Middle East and Ukraine. As a result of color revolutions, the author notes the escalation within the aforementioned region of the socioeconomic difficulties and problems related to the domestic policy, as well as the global problems of world terrorism and uncontrolled mass migration. It is pointed out that the government overthrows, marked as color revolutions, are organized with the active participation of the countries of Anglo-Saxon political alliance, primarily under the leadership of the United States. The threat of spreading the extremist and fascist ideologies allows stating the fact that overcoming the consequences of color revolutions significantly affects the direction of the Russia’s foreign policy. The defining role of Russia in stabilizing the conflicts in the Middle East and post-Soviet space is evident. The real political actions in Syria and southeastern Ukraine let us claiming that Russia is the only country that conducts constructive policy aimed at stabilization of political situation in these regions. The author also proposes recommendations on regulation of the Russian-Ukrainian relations.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2016-1
Filippov V.R., Djunusbaev S. - The Ivory coast crisis of 2010-2011: actual and virtual reasons

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2016.1.17460

Abstract: Using the method of historical reconstruction, the authors show the latent causes of the armed conflict between the Muslim north and Christian south in the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire in 2010-2011. A comprehensive analysis of a wide range of sources (media materials, judicial and journalistic investigations, evidence of well-known politicians and diplomats) can justify the view that describing this conflict as "ethnic" does not have sufficient grounds. Researchers propose to consider the situation in Côte d'Ivoire as a socio-economic conflict between the conditional-indigenous population of the country, rooted migrants and migrants decades as the conflict between citizens and non-citizens about the ownership of the means of production, in particular, and about civil rights, which should ensure equal access to economic resources and the resources of power. The methodological basis of this study includes the systemic, structural-functional, comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The accent of the article is made on clarifying the role of France in the outbreak of civil war in the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire in the context of the policy of "françafrique." The conclusion that the Fifth Republic has inspired and has long supported the Ivorian opposition in order to maintain economic and political preferences of Paris in this strategically important region.
International relations, 2016-1
Shestopal E.B., Gubchenko V.A., Davydov S.V., Dzhamaludinov S.Z., Dzhgamadze K.B., Levashkina A.A., - The EU in the eyes of the contemporary Russian society

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2016.1.17694

Abstract: The study is carried out by the department of sociology and psychology of politics of the faculty of political science of Moscow State University. The research is focused on the image of the EU as it is apprehended by the Russian citizens in the period of straining relations between Russia and the EU. The authors have carried out the survey and offered the respondents to answer the following questions: Do you consider the EU as a partner, an enemy, or a friend of Russia? Do you consider the EU as a strong and effective actor on the international scene? How do you estimate the anti-Russian sanctions of the EU? The analysis of the answers led the authors to the particular conclusions. The research methodology is based on the system, structural-functional, comparative-political approaches, the methods of political sociology and political psychology, analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, and observation. The image of the EU is notable for its ambivalence and instability. The main conclusion lies in the fact that most respondents consider the EU as a strong but a gradually weakening under the American influence “decorative union”. The image has the signs of ageing. Most people see the EU as a partner. But many respondents are disappointed in it as in a partner, and think that it is unreliable and unfaithful. Approximately a quarter of the respondents consider the EU as an enemy, and only a small number of people see it as a friend. At the same time, the respondents don’t see the alternative to good neighbourly relations and partnership in future. Moreover, most respondents see Russia as a part of Europe. 
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2016-1
Bocharnikov I.V. - Modern trends in international terrorism development

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2016.1.17852

Abstract: The article analyzes the main trends of the evolution of international terrorism in the modern world. The goal of this study is  international terrorism. The object of research is to determine the current trends of international terrorism and the forms and methods of counteracting them at the present stage. The subject of research are development trends, as well as forms and methods of combating international terrorism in the modern world. Based on the data presented in the "global ranking of terrorism 2015" developed by British analysts, as well as the analysis of other terrorist acts that are not included in the rating, the author determines the dynamics of the growth of terrorism in the present and in the near future. The methodological basis of this study includes the systemic, structural-functional, comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The increase in the number of terrorist attacks and their scale largely contributes to the tendency of the development of terrorism. For example, the transition from the implementation of the individual terrorist acts to large-scale acts; dramatic change in the violent, intimidating means employed by terrorists; the use of advanced information technologies by terrorist groups; coordination between the various terrorist groups; the desire for legitimation of terrorism, terrorist organizations by positioning as a state-organized bodies. Such trends contribute to the transformation of international terrorism to the global problems of modern global political processes.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2016-1
Karyakin V.V. - Political mediametrics: a book about how the fourth power rules the world

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2016.1.17755

Abstract: Book Review: Nikolaichuk IA Political mediametrics. Foreign media and Russia's Security: monography. / IA Nikolaichuk; Ros. Inst strategist. Issled. - M .: RISS, 2015 - 230, [20] p. : Ill. The work of a senior researcher of the Russian Institute for Strategic Studies, IA Nikolaichuk "Political mediametrics. Foreign media and the security of Russia" is dedicated to researching the activities of foreign media in analytics, and the information space by the methods of statistical processing of published materials in order to identify and analyze the dynamics of the disposition of the so-called "fourth power" towards Russian Federation, forming public opinion and, ultimately, the policies of country leaders on in global politics. The methodological basis of the research includes the systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The interest directed towards this work is due to the fact that the issue of forming public opinion and media influence on public policy is considered by the author is not in theoretical terms, but based on the analysis of a large volume of materials that are published abroad that cover the policy of Russian leadership on pressing international issues over the past few years. It ensures a high degree of reliability of the study's results, and allows to create an information system for monitoring the situation using the methods proposed by the author of political mediametrics that were developed based on personal professional experience in the Russian analytical agencies.
International relations, 2016-1
Manoilo A.V. - On the creation of the Federal Centre for Color Revolutions Monitoring

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2016.1.17781

Abstract: The paper considers the concept of creation in the Russian Federation of a state system of color revolutions prevention both in the country and abroad, in the CIS, and on the territory of the Eurasian and Customs Unions. The aim of the study is to define the organizational and functional structure, the aims, tasks and the main directions of the activities of the centre for color revolutions monitoring, prevention and combating in the Russian Federation and on the Eurasian political space. The research methodology is based on the system, structural-functional, comparative-political methods, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, and observation. The concept of creation of the centre for color revolutions prevention is elaborated in accordance with the new edition of the National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation of 31 December 2015 (Presidential Decree No 537 of 12 May 2009) enumerating the color revolutions threat among the priority threats to the national security of the Russian Federation. The centre should focus on the monitoring of the color revolutions preparation signs, the system of color revolutions prevention, the system of early detection and fast response to color revolutions and attempts to organize them, and the permanent system of color revolutions prevention, including a wide range of general and specific methods. The author pays attention to the fact that the color revolutions threat is becoming urgent not only in Russia, where the western agents and the non-system opposition are becoming more active, but also in Syria, where Russia is carrying out an anti-terrorist operation together with the Syrian Arab Republic armed forces, due to the process of conflict settlement and preparation for general election which results had always been used by color revolutions political engineers as a pretext for mass protest actions. 
World Politics, 2016-1
Manoilo A.V. - Conceptual and organizational framework for color revolutions prevention in Russia and the former Soviet Union pp. 1-5

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2016.1.17782

Abstract: The paper considers the concept of creation in the Russian Federation of a state system of color revolutions prevention both in the country and abroad, in the CIS, and on the territory of the Eurasian and Customs Unions. The aim of the study is to define the organizational and functional structure, the aims, tasks and the main directions of the activities of the centre for color revolutions monitoring, prevention and combating in the Russian Federation and on the Eurasian political space. The research methodology is based on the system, structural-functional, comparative-political methods, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, and observation. The concept of creation of the centre for color revolutions prevention is elaborated in accordance with the new edition of the National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation of 31 December 2015 (Presidential Decree No 537 of 12 May 2009) enumerating the color revolutions threat among the priority threats to the national security of the Russian Federation. The centre should focus on the monitoring of the color revolutions preparation signs, the system of color revolutions prevention, the system of early detection and fast response to color revolutions and attempts to organize them, and the permanent system of color revolutions prevention, including a wide range of general and specific methods. The author pays attention to the fact that the color revolutions threat is becoming urgent not only in Russia, where the western agents and the non-system opposition are becoming more active, but also in Syria, where Russia is carrying out an anti-terrorist operation together with the Syrian Arab Republic armed forces, due to the process of conflict settlement and preparation for general election which results had always been used by color revolutions political engineers as a pretext for mass protest actions.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2016-1
Ivanov S.M. - Separatism - a natural process or a threat to national and international security?

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2016.1.17856

Abstract: The Author of This article analyzes a situation in various regions of the World from the point of view of integration processes and the disintegration of communities and comes to a conclusion that Separatism as the phenomenon is quite natural presently. At their genesis, communities based on national, ethnic, religious, territorial, or some other basis united to the states, confederations of the states, empires and colonial powers emerged. Then came the era that marked the fall of empires, the disintegration of colonial powers and multinational states. The wave of revolutions and national liberation movements swept worldwide, the Renaissance of release was endured by the countries of Africa, Asia, Middle East. The methodological basis of this study are the systemic, structural-functional, comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. This process was in many respects accelerated by events of World Wars I and II, when attempts of restoration of a colonial world rearrangement were made by great powers, and the subsequent disintegration of the Organization of the Warsaw pact countries and the USSR. In modern conditions of globalization separatism openly walks on the Planet, and takes the form of an epidemic when many nations, ethnic groups, communities based on confessional and to other bases, seek to protect their political, social, economic and other interests by separation from the states or creation of wide autonomies in them.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2016-1
Bunevich D.S. - The polish diaspora as a tool of "soft power" of Warsaw in the East

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2016.1.17905

Abstract: The article is dedicated to the study of main aspects of the history and the here and now of Polonia in the East: Polish organizations, Polish-speaking media and the government support provided to them. The purpose of this research is to determine the role of the "Polonia" project in the implementation of Poland's eastern policy at the present time. The object of this study is the Polish diaspora in Russia and the CIS as a tool of soft power. Polonia is obviously a political project: Warsaw tries to maintain and strengthen its influence in the former Soviet republics with its help, using it as a primary resource loyal to the Polish diaspora. The methodological basis of the study is a systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The Ukrainian crisis of 2014 marked the beginning of the acute phase of the next stage of geopolitical confrontation that stretches from the Baltic to the Black Sea area, a zone of collision of interests of Russia and Poland for centuries. Official Warsaw strongly declares its "lack of interest" in the fate of land in Western Ukraine  that belonged to the Polish state for centuries, while accusing Moscow of allegedly making secret proposals to "divide Ukraine." But the history of the previous five centuries suggests that the Polish elite have always considered the land located to the east of Poland, the main direction of its foreign expansion.
Trends and management, 2016-1
Manoilo A.V. - On the issue of models and mechanisms of political decision-making in the Russian Federation

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2016.1.18001

Abstract: This article reveals the evolutionary process of forming patterns of development and political decision-making in the Russian Federation on the national government level. The author notes that during Russia's recent history (from the time of formation of the Russian Federation in 1991) the country has sequentially changed three models of development and execution of decisions: polycentric, vertically centralized, and mixed (currently in force). The methodological basis of the study is a systematic, structural and functional, comparative political approach, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation.Each of the above patterns of development and political decision-making (polycentric, vertically centralized and combined) corresponds to the socio-political formation of the Russian state at certain stages of its development, and gave way to the next model under the influence of radical changes in the political life of Russian society, which brought substantial changes in the political system and the political regime in Russia. Together, all three models are stages of the same evolutionary process, extrapolation of which allows forecasting the changes to the Russian Federation’s combined model of development and political decision-making in the future.
World Politics, 2016-1
Bolokhov I.I. - Transformation of China’s Foreign Policy Strategy in the Context of the Arab Spring pp. 36-47

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2016.1.18483

Abstract: The article shows the reaction of China to the Arab Spring as a demonstration of an overall transformation of the country’s foreign policy. The research object is China's foreign policy strategy, the research subject is the peculiarities of its transformation in the context of the Arab Spring. The large-scale and rapid evacuation of its citizens from Libya has shown China's willingness to defend its interests all over the world. At the same time, China is still adhering to the basic principles on non-interference in the internal affairs of states and the willingness to cooperate with any kind of political regimes.The research methodology is based on the system, structural-functional, and comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, and observation. The author also examines the impact of color revolutions in the Middle East and North Africa on China's home policy which took into account the lessons of the Arab Spring for preventing the 2014 Umbrella Revolution in Hong Kong.
World Politics, 2016-1
Skripnichenko D.V. - Political modernization of the North Caucasus (the case of gubernatorial elections) pp. 19-25

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2016.1.18494

Abstract: The asymmetry of the Russian federalism imposes certain imprints on the management of the regional political processes, including the issue of the introduction of the institution of direct gubernatorial elections. In particular, in the North Caucasus, there are several republics with no experience of gubernatorial elections (the Republic of Dagestan), or where elections had been held, but the results destabilized the situation in the region (the Karachay-Cherkess Republic). Therefore, the introduction of the model of direct gubernatorial elections, typical for all other regions of Russia, theoretically could undermine the stability in the region. The introduction of direct gubernatorial elections must be carried out in the context of the existing national and cultural characteristics of the republics. As one of the instruments of improving the procedure of direct gubernatorial elections, a quota for minority ethnic groups was proposed to be used. National quotas had already been used, for example, in Dagestan. But this measure does not guarantee the election of the candidate of small peoples for the position of the head of the republic.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2016-1
Denchev S., Pavlova M. - “Color revolutions”- who mixes the paint and who are the painters?

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2016.1.18498

Abstract: The article examines the nature of the "Color revolutions" which mark the modern development vector of contemporary international relations since the beginning of 21st century. The text describes the technology of conducting socio-political change in many countries which were targetted by "colour revolutions". Attention is paid to external driving powers that dictate what happens in the world regions affected by these revolutions (North Africa, Near East, South-Eastern Europe, and the Post-Soviet space).The methodological basis of the research is a systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. In light of globalization, the world never became more predictable or stable. Instead, increasing chaos and multiplying international and domestic conflicts became evident. Colour revolutions are one such catalyst for this chaos. Their emergenve on world's political arena leads to the loss of sovereignty of modern countries, civil wars and armed comflicts.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2016-1
Manoilo A.V. - Models of "soft power" in network terrorist organizations (on the examples of the "Islamic State", Al-Qaeda, Taliban and the "Muslim Brotherhood")

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2016.1.18626

Abstract: This article is dedicated to comparative political analysis of the models "soft power" employed by network of terrorist organizations, banned in Russian Federation - "The Islamic State", Al-Qaeda, the Taliban and the "Muslim Brotherhood". The object of the study is soft power. Subject of research are the forms, methods, models and technologies of soft power employed by terrorist organizations (on the example of the "Islamic state", Al-Qaeda, the Taliban and the "Muslim Brotherhood"). The author draws attention to the fact that, in their ideological and propaganda work, terrorists from various multinational organizations and groups use soft power in order to unite extremists, to involve new adepts in terrorist movements, and to conduct information warfare with their ideological opponents (the governments of various countries that fight international terrorism, as well as with their direct competitors, who are extremists, terrorists and Islamists). Soft power employed by terrorists does not take the same forms and employ the methods of US soft power that we know from the works of American neo-liberals (J. Nye, R. Keohane et al.). It has its own model in the form of a specific set of incarnations, each adapted to the ideology specific international terrorist groups. The "Islamic State, the Taliban, Al-Qaeda each have their own model. In case of the "Muslim Brotherhood", and these models are quite different from each other, even among different cells of the organization.
Law and Politics, 2015-11
Manoilo A.V. - Battlefield Yemen

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2015.11.16186

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the analysis of the current state and dynamics of the Yemen conflict. The goal of the research is to give the characteristics of the interests and specificity of the conflict behavior of the direct participants of the civil war in Yemen – Houthi rebels, supporters of the former President Hadi, Saudi Arabia; as well as indirect participants – the United States and Iran. The object of this research is the armed conflict (civil war and foreign intervention) in Yemen. The subject is the goals, interests, and motives of the conflict behavior of the direct and indirect participants of the armed conflict in Yemen. The author gives attention to the peculiarities of the confrontation between various sides in the Yemen conflict. The goals and tasks pursued in the civil war by the Houthi leaders (among which there are leaders of non-Shiite descent – sheikhs of the Sunni tribes who have joined the rebels) substantially differ in opinion with the world and even Russian mass media, and the confessional factor in this confrontation does not play a defining role (although is present, nevertheless). Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, entrenched in the south of Yemen having proclaimed the supremacy of the “Islamic State”, acts in this conflict as the adversary to both Houthis, and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Law and Politics, 2015-10
Manoilo A.V. - Color revolutions in the context of hybrid warfare

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2015.10.15308

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the role of the color revolutions technologies in the modern hybrid warfare which under the conditions of crisis of the unipolar world system and chaotization of the international relations became the newest forms of armed conflict. Hybrid warfare are waged using non-military forms of influence upon the enemy, such as technologies of information warfare and psychological operations, instruments of economic isolation and blockade, mechanisms of political destabilization inside the country; and namely these means force him to comply with the aggressor. Military force in hybrid wars is usually applied only after the outcome of the fight is clear, and is used to demonstratively “punish” the losing side. The color revolutions however, despite implementing same instruments to destroy the enemy in their schemes and scenarios, considerably differ from hybrid wars in their tasks and goals, and play an independent role in the modern processes of desovereignization, collapse, and dismantlement of political regimes.  
Politics and Society, 2015-9
Manoilo A.V. - The Normandy Format of the European Union's Hybrid Diplomacy

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0684.2015.9.16325

Abstract: The present article is dedicated to the evaluation of the results of the Berlin tour of the Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko that took place on 24 August 2015, as well as the trilateral negotiations between Poroshenko, Merkel and Hollande, held without the participation of Russia. The object of study are the negotiations between the heads of the four states — Russia, Germany, France and Ukraine — regarding compliance with the Minsk Agreements held in the Normandy format. The subject of the research are the results of the unscheduled meeting of the leaders of Germany, France and Ukraine held in Berlin on 24 August 2015 that was dedicated to the observance by the participants of the armed conflict in the Donbass of the main provisions of the Minsk Agreements.The methodological basis of the research are systems, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, and observation.The author notes that the Minsk Agreements were never perceived by the Ukrainian leadership as a document of direct action — for the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko and his American overseers they have always been only a pretext that allowing to gain time required for the re-mobilisation of units and formations, defeated near Donetsk — for their equipment, training, replenishment, for one sole purpose — a new offensive in the Donbass. The psychology of Poroshenko and other representatives of the new government in Ukraine is that they simply do not see any other solution to the problem on the south-east, except of the power of repression and the complete destruction of their opponents.
Politics and Society, 2015-8
Filippov V.R. - Sylvanus Olympio - the First Victim of Françafrique

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0684.2015.8.16040

Abstract: The historical reconstruction approach allowed the author to solve the task of explaining the role of France in the organisation of the assassination of the first President of the Republic of Togo Sylvanus Olympio in 1963. The article shows the reasons for the Élysée Palace to physically eliminate the legally elected president of a sovereign country: aspiration for the real sovereignty of the country, control over environmental resources and the use of natural resource rents to serve the interests of the Togolese people, the desire to get out of the franc zone, as well as reorientation of foreign policy of Togo towards the United States and Germany in the prejudice of the former metropole. The methodological basis of the research are systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The author makes French security services (Françafrique agent nets) responsible for the assassination, acting according to the instructions of the Presidential Secretary for African Affairs Jacques Foccart and under the control of French President Charles de Gaulle. From the author's point of view, it is the Élysée Palace that is guilty of the establishment and support of the dictatorial regime of Gnassingbe Eyadema in the Togolese Republic.The research is conducted with financial support from the Russian Humanitarian Scientific Foundation, project No. 15-01-00363 - "External intervention in the domestic affairs of the Third World countries during the Cold War: an experience of multilevel analysis".
Law and Politics, 2015-7
Manoilo A.V. - Hybrid wars and color revolutions in global politics

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2015.7.15832

Abstract: This article is dedicated to determination of the role of hybrid wars and color revolutions in modern politics. The hybrid wars are being viewed as a new form of armed conflict, in which the use of domestic armed forces is no longer a necessary condition in order to achieve victory over the adversary: “brute force” in a hybrid war is implemented along with non-military methods of affecting the enemy – information-psychological warfare, technologies of soft and smart force, methods of economic pressure, isolation or blockade, and instruments of traditional diplomacy. The color revolutions are examined in the article as technologies of organizing government overthrows using acts of mass civil disobedience, transforming into a managed civil apprising. The author determines that color revolutions cannot be elements of hybrid wars, as they are different and incompatible with each other forms of pressure upon the opponent. But it is in namely the color revolution that by dismantling political regimes, create the environment for initiation of external aggression, which then takes on a shape of a hybrid war.
National Security, 2015-6
Kashulin D.A. - Energy safety as the research task for political science

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0668.2015.6.12958

Abstract: This article analyzes the conceptual approaches, key trends, and prospective directions of research in the area of energy security within the framework of political discourse. It examines the global aspect of energy security, and analyzes the specificity of modern international energy relations and causes of competitiveness for access to energy resources, as well as the risks on the path of ensuring national and international energy security. A special attention is given to the subjects of energy relations. The author assesses the level of their influence upon the state of the energy market, the role in strengthening global energy security, as well as forms and means of their cooperation. The author reviews the form of state-private partnership as the most efficient way to ensure energy security. The conceptual approaches towards energy security reflect the entirety of the problems emerging before the countries on their path towards energy stability. As a result, on the background of the expanding spectrum of global risks it is extremely important to have a dialogue between the countries in the area of energy partnership, and it is important to conduct a politological analysis of the problems of energy security, which would contribute to understanding of the processes, trends, and forecasts of development of the energy markets.
National Security, 2015-5
Filippov V.R. - Uranium factor in France’s foreign policy towards Africa

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0668.2015.5.15290

Abstract: Use of the comparative political analysis allowed the author to identify certain trends within France’s foreign policy towards Africa of the beginning of this millennium. Analysis of the geographic localization of the expeditions of the French armed forces into Africa confirms the fact that the Élysée Palace initiated the peacekeeping and humanitarian interventions within the territories of the sovereign nations of the Dark Continent whenever France faced a serious threat to their energy security. The threat to the interests of the French state corporation AREVA, which specializes in recovery and refinement of uranium ore, was always followed by operations of the special services and military interventions in Niger, Mali and the Central African Republic. The methodological basis for this research consisted of the systemic, structural-functional, comparative-historical approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, observation, and modeling. The author substantiates the opinion according to which the rapid escalation of the competitiveness and the African uranium markets, emergence of new players in these markets, first and foremost China, prompts France to resort to various forms of political and military pressure (from political assassinations and incitement of confessional and tribal conflicts to direct military intrusion) upon the political elites of their former colonies. A conclusion is made on the fact that it is the direct dependency of the French nuclear power plants, and therefore the whole French economy, upon the African uranium defines the main vector of the Africa policy of the Fifth Republic.
Politics and Society, 2015-4
Filippov V.R. - France's Policy in Cameroon

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0684.2015.4.14955

Abstract: The article investigates the contemporary French policy in Africa (by the example of Cameroon). The method of historical reconstruction allowed the author to clarify the features of the formation of the Republic of Cameroon during the disintegration of the French colonial empire and decolonisation of the African continent. The events preceding the proclamation of sovereignty of Cameroon and the reasons for the lameness and such limited sovereignty have been considered. The emphasis in the article is made on clarifying the role of France in kindling of the civil war in Cameroon, as well as in the suppression of the movement for independence and real sovereignty of the African state. The methodological basis of the article is comprised by system, structural-functional, comparative historical and comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, monitoring, reconstruction. The facts of the blatant cruelty in the activities of the French intelligence services and army troops have been analysed, which crushed the resistance of the patriots from the Union of the Peoples of Cameroon and organized brutal killings of leaders of the national liberation movement - Ruben Um Nyobe, Felix-Roland Moumie, and others. The question regarding the political expediency of establishing the Federal Republic of Cameroon in 1961 and the reasons of Cameroon's unification in 1971 has been specifically considered. The conclusion was drawn that the civil war in Cameroon in the period of 1955-1970 was inspired by France and was inceptive of the neo-colonialist policy that was later known as the "Françafrique" policy.
National Security, 2015-4
Filippov V.R. - Françafrique: the Guinean precedent

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0668.2015.4.15579

Abstract: The main accent in this article is made on determination of the role of the French secret diplomacy and the French secret services, which since 1958 have done everything possible in order to undermine the foundations of the sovereignty of the Republic of Guinea, which rejected the membership in the French Community and declared full sovereignty. The article examines the socio-political and economic factors that allowed a small and very poor African nation to successfully oppose the French neocolonialism. Assessment is given to the role of the Soviet Union and the countries of socialist coalition in ensuring a real sovereignty of Guinea, and restoration of its economy and financial system. The author concludes that the international situation, which has formed in the world after the end of the World War II, did not allow the secret networks of “Françafrique” and the Portuguese special services to demolish the statehood of Guinea and physically remove the leader of the Guinean nation Ahmed Sékou Touré. The author highlights the role of Guinean precedent in demolition of the French colonial empire.
International relations, 2015-4
Khabenskaya E.O. - Senegal and Guinea-Bissau in the 2000s: from confrontation to alliance

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.4.17127

Abstract: Using the method of historical reconstruction, E. Khabenskaya analyzes the changes in the relations changes between two neighboring West African countries in connection with the new Senegalese President Abdoulaye Wade coming to power. Diplomatic talents allowed the new leader to change radically the vector of these relationships in favor of Senegal. The changes in Senegal and Guinea-Bissau internal and foreign policy in the 2000s., as well as the dynamics of the Casamance conflict in this period, compose the object of the study. This Senegal's southern region, geographically, culturally and historically linked to Guinea-Bissau, for decades has been the main factor in the relations between two countries. Factors of the formation and the subsequent collapse of the Senegal–Guinea-Bissau political alliance is the subject of the research. The author concludes that the strongest economic crisis and political isolation of Guinea-Bissau contributed to Wade's success in the establishment of Senegal's influence in Bissau in the first half of the 2000s. The methodolody of the research includes the systems approach, the structural-functional and comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and observation. By 2009, Senegal had lost its influence in Bissau after another government change in this country, which led to Guinea-Bissau's foreign relations diversification and its gradual reorientation to Angola. At present, the relations betwen these two countries are in crisis again. However, the unsolved problem of the Casamance will continue to force both leaders to seek the ways to overcome the contradictions.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-4
Kalachev D.N. - The expansion of NATO's influence: the consequences and challenges for Russia's national security

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.4.16155

Abstract: The article is dedicated to the study of NATO's eastward expansion. The author analyzes the history of the issue, stressing the legal obligations taken up by NATO, which have been violated over the course of several waves of expansion of the Alliance in the late 1990s and 2000s. The author argues that, despite the official statements, the policy of expansion is directed against the interests of Russia, and that NATO-centrism is a systemic defect in the European security system. The author emphasizes that full and effective cooperation between the parties can be resumed only on the basis of equality and within the framework of international law on the basis of legally binding intergovernmental agreements. The methodological basis of the study includes the systemic, structural-functional, comparative-historical, comparative-political, geo-political, cultural and civilizational approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, modeling, observation. Cooperating on extensive list of security issues, NATO and Russia will inevitably have to face the sharper corners concerning national security of Russia. Among those issues is NATO'sexpansion, as well as the problem of adapting the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, the problem of US missile defense system placement in Europe, and the status of various territories (Kosovo, Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Crimea). In this article the author considers the problem of NATO expansion.
Trends and management, 2015-4
Filimonov G.Y., Danyuk N.S. - Political agents as a U.S. tool for deconstructing regimes

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2015.4.16607

Abstract: The article concerns the problems regarding the realization of projects on dismantling political regimes in countries targeted by agents of political influence. U.S. foreign policy during the Cold War was characterized by the use of agents of influence as a tool to ensure its national interests. Now, Russia is facing unconventional challenges and threats that aim to provoke internal political destabilization and coups d’état. In these circumstances, it is necessary to retrospectively analyze the system that an external controlling power applies to implement destructive technologies through its agents of influence. The methodological basis of the research is a systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. In modern conditions which are characterized by relentless attempts of the Western countries to destabilize Russia from within using the policy of sanctions, isolation, pressure and other methods of modern warfare, it is necessary to analyze the system of external control and injection of destructive technologies implemented by the West with the aid of political agents, considering the historical retrospective.
Trends and management, 2015-4
Neimatov A.Y. - The theoretical aspects of studying color revolutions

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2015.4.16913

Abstract: This article presents a study of the mechanisms and technologies of color revolutions and attempts to identify their role in the destabilization system for contemporary governments. Despite the fact that almost all the conflicts of recent decades did not proceed by the familiar and classic textbook schemes of the art of war, today many, seemingly prosperous countries can, in a flash, descend into a state of chaos and destruction through the intervention of another State. The methodological basis of this research is a systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation.In the current context of growing political instability, Russia has to closely monitor all the changes political and military situation in the various regions of the world and find appropriate ways and means to respond to them. That is why today you need to carefully study the special, new type factor that impacts the international security system, which is called "color revolutions." To generate a solid foreign policy and to make the right political decisions if is necessary to understand the characteristics and the nature of the technologies of color revolutions, to learn how to counteract them and control them.
International relations, 2015-4
Neimatov A.Y. - Color revolutions and political crisis in Ukraine

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.4.16914

Abstract: This article is devoted to the study of modern forms, methods and technologies of color revolutions as the instruments of democratic transformation of traditional societies and the dismantling of political regimes. The author emphasizes that in the present conditions, unfortunately, we can not exclude the possibility of transfer of the experience of Ukrainian revolution organization to Russia. We could observe this situation during the events of the Arab Spring, when the scheme of color revolutions had been given "trial runs" in one country, and then, improved and modified, was transferred to another country.The methodological basis of the research contains the systems approach, the structural and functional and comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. Color revolutions as efficient political technologies are very effective. At the same time, the stereotyped character of color revolutions technologies can lead to a significant decrease of their effectiveness. However, the widespread communication and information technologies create favorable conditions for the emergence of new and the improvement of old methods of political processes management in different countries.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-4
Gusher A.I. - Geopolitical and strategic aspects of Russian Air and Space forces in Syria

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.4.16967

Abstract: This article focuses on the study of geopolitical and strategic aspects of Russian Air and Space forces in Syria. The goal of this article is to define the role of Russian Federation in the fight against international terrorism and islamism in Syria.The methodological basis of this research includes the systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The author notes that Russia's involvement in open conflict with frontline forces of international terrorism in Syria has opened a path to improving strategic partnerships with Iran, Iraq, Syria and other states for Moscow, as well as for the formation of a new system of international security in the Near and Middle East.
International relations, 2015-4
Kuznetsov I.I. - Political pragmatism of the empire: review of Herfried Münkler’s book “Empires: The Logic of World Supremacy – from Ancient Rome to the USA”

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.4.16977

Abstract: Professor of Moscow State University, Doctor of Political Sciences I.I. Kuznetsov reviews the book of Herfried Münkler “Imperii: Logika gospodstva nad mirom – ot Drevnego Rima i do SShA”/Per. s nem L.V. Lannika pod red. T.A. Grablevskoi; komment. i vstup. st. L.V. Lannika – M.: Kuchkovo pole, 2015. – 400 s (“Empires: The Logic of World Supremacy – from Ancient Rome to the USA”). The methodology of the research comprises the systems approach, the structural-functional and comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and observation. The monograph of Prof. Münkler is a very interesting study of the complicated political issue of the fate of empires in the modern world. The author reasonably claims that the imperial form of government had maintained peaceful mutually-beneficial coexistence of various peoples and ethnic groups of different cultures, values and political traditions within a single state for a very long period of human history. Imperial government was based on the principle of “unity in diversity” which didn’t suppress the identity of small nations, but helped them preserve it. Nowadays, in the complicated conditions of the global instability intensification, the imperial form of organization of multinational states again becomes actual and competitive even in comparison with another, more widespread, form – federalism. 
Trends and management, 2015-4
Bocharnikov I.V. - The "Islamic State" terrorist group as a natural consequence of the U.S. strategy in the Middle East.

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2015.4.17007

Abstract: This paper analyzes the origins of a terrorist group called the "Islamic State" and the factors that contributed to its transformation into one of the most significant threats to modern civilization.Numbered among the most significant preconditions for the evolution of the "Islamic State" is the US strategy in the Middle East focused on the reformatting of local political space. A significant part of this strategy involved provoking internal political crises through a cycle of color revolutions of the Arab Spring, the displacement of legitimate regimes, the escalation of ethnic and religious strife, supporting, arming, equipping and financing various types of anti-government armed groups. The methodological basis of the research is a systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. Similarly, the strategy is carried out in relation to the countries and the Central Asian region. The aim of this strategy is the creation of the arc of instability in the political space from Morocco to China.All of this eventually contributed to the escalation of the terrorist threat, which Middle Eastern and Central Asian countries ended up forced to deal with.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-4
Ovsyannikova O.A. - Public consciousness reformatting technologies employing and religious discrimination (on the example of Ukraine)

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.4.17008

Abstract: The article examines the technologies used to reformat public consciousness by the means of linguistic and religious discrimination in Ukraine. In modern Ukraine, Russian language is being pushed out from communication, education, science, culture and governance, as well as religious life of Ukrainian people. This is the example of modern technologies, successfully employed in Ukraine and used by political groups currently in power in Ukraine to to achieve their political goals. The methodological basis of this article includes systemic, structural-functional, comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The author assumes that native language is an indicator of the spiritual life of an individual as well as the people as a whole, being the most important ideological value. The author stresses that language is an important medium for the perception of surrounding reality, a reflection of self-consciousness and, as a result, the forming of opinions regarding political processes and phenomena, political course of the state as it is realized in domestic and foreign policy.
International relations, 2015-4
Deich T.L. - Russian-Chinese relations at the present stage

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.4.17076

Abstract: Russian-Chinese relations are going through a new stage. Both countries managed to solve the border problems, which had been a source of disagreement for many years. The high level political dialogue is very intensive. China is the largest trading partner of Russia. The contract on Russia's natural gas supplies to China, signed in 2014, is being implemented. China has pledged to finance the construction of Russia's first high speed main line Moscow - Kazan. Annual joint naval anti-terrorist exercises take place. Humanitarian ties are developing rapidly. Both countries stand for the preservation of the principles of international law and the status of the UN. Russia and China are not satisfied with the world dominated by one power without taking into account their interests. The proximity of their positions is confirmed by the events in Libya and Syria. There are some difficulties in bilateral relations. However, in general, as it is claimed in the Joint Statement of May 20, 2014, these relations have come to the stage of "comprehensive strategic partnership and strategic cooperation." China and Russia have vast common interests, they have no contradictions on major international issues, and the prospect of their cooperation is favorable. The methodological basis of the research includes the systems approach, the structural and functional and comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and observation.
International relations, 2015-4
Bocharnikov I.V. - America's chaos strategy in Syria and its role in the escalation of extremism and terrorism in the Middle East

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.4.17137

Abstract: The article analyzes the causes and factors behind the escalation of the crisis in Syria and its transformation into one of the most important issues of global security at present. They include particularly the "controlled chaos" strategy implemented by the United States in the Middle East over the past two decades. The aim of this strategy is to reform and defragment the political space of the Arab world, to establish new state frontiers, to overthrow legitimate regimes in the Arab world and to implant puppet governments.The methodological basis of the research includes the systems approach, the structural and functional and comparative political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and observation.In Syria, the implementation of this strategy had faced the resistance of public authorities; it required from the USA the formation of the international coalition with countries (Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and others) whose leaderships are interested in the destabilization of the political situation in Syria. The main goal of this coalition is to overthrow the legitimate political regime of Syrian President B. al-Assad.The support, arming and financing by the US and their allies of various anti-Assad opposition groups eventually led to the escalation of extremism and terrorism, both in Syria and in the Middle East.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-4
Lasariya A.O. - The latest stage of the formation of Abkhazian statehood

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.4.17156

Abstract: Attention is paid to the process of the formation of Abkhazian statehood - the chance of acquiring a full international legal independence. The author takes note of the ever-popular slogans such as "fight for freedom" and "struggle for independence" that have, and still play a key role in the attempts of different ethnic groups in many parts of the modern world to establish their own state. For some, it is the restoration of a sovereignty once-owned in a historic period, for others, it is a fundamental reconstruction of their ethnic- and territorial unit that emerged due to emerging factors. This work examines the dynamics of political processes in the Abkhaz Republic, which are defined by several factors, the chief of which being history, political situation and ethnicity. This dynamic is being examined in the context of the Georgia-Abkhaz conflict, considering the influence of the abovementioned factors. The subject of research is the emergence of Abkhaz statehood. The object of this article is the Georgian-Abkhaz conflict.The methodological basis of the study includes: a systematic approach; comparative political science approach; content analysis of documents; scientific methods, etc.The article analyzes practical aspects of the challenges that Abkhaz sovereignty faces, the primary ones being the principles of International Law, and the conflict with Georgia. The novelty of this work is based on the study of a previously-underanalyzed and undervalued aspects of application of Law in terms of Abkhaz ways of realizing their right to self-determination, which may result in a fundamental reformatting of the Georgian-Abkhaz conflict resolution.  
International relations, 2015-4
Kuznetsov I.I. - The impact of demonstration effects on the development of political institutions

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.4.17162

Abstract: The paper presents an approach to the analysis of the dynamics of political institutions in Russia through the prism of the impact of demonstration effects. The object of the research is political process in non-Western societies. The subject of the research is the development of political institutions in Russia. On the base of the approaches, prevailing in the domestic and foreign political science, the author examines the possibility of political change in the comparative perspective. The purpose is to reveal the characteristics of the impact of demonstration effects. The author outlines the basic problems of the improvement of the institutional design of political systems in the context of global communication and dissemination of ideas about the contemporary experience of the organization and functioning of public authority. The methodology of the study is based on the systems approach, the structural-functional and comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and observation.The author points at the need for a serious study of the possibilities and limitations of the universalist approach to "democracy promotion." Taking into account the experience of the contemporary "post-conflict regulation" in a number of countries in the world, the author concludes about the need for a balanced assessment of the native experience of political institutions, the provision of the sustainable statehood and political responsibility of the authority.
International relations, 2015-4
Kirsanova E.G. - Global governance or economic cooperation: on the issue of innovative development at the present stage

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.4.17168

Abstract: The study is devoted to the issues of innovative development of modern states in the context of recent trends of the world politics.The article examines the interrelation between global governance and economic cooperation through the prism of innovative development. The author comes to the conclusion that in the situation when many developed countries actively build their national innovation systems and increase innovative capacity, leadership of a particular country on the international arena can be based solely on economic cooperation with other actors of international relations. The methodology of the study is based on the systems approach, the structural-functional and comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and observation.The author notes the fact that innovations, as a rule, lead to the redistribution of power and are, thus, one of the causes of the change of the balance of political power, and, therefore, entail economic, political and social consequences.
International relations, 2015-4
Aryamova A.D. - Practical realization of technologies of color revolutions in Ukraine in 2004 and 2014: Comparative Analysis

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.4.17179

Abstract: The article is devoted to the comparative analysis of two main cases in the study of modern color revolutions both on the Post-Soviet political space and in the world in general – the 2004 Orange Revolution and the so-called Euromaidan of 2013 – 2014 in Ukraine. The object of the research covers color revolutions in Ukraine. The subject of the research includes the forms, methods and peculiarities of practical use of the technologies of color revolutions in Ukraine in 2003 and 2013 – 2014. The aim of the research is to reveal the similarities and the differences in the scenarios of color revolutions in Ukraine in 2003 and 2013 – 2014. The methodology of the study is based on the systems approach, the structural-functional and comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and observation. The author emphasizes the fact that the Orange Revolution (2004) and “Euromaidan” (2013 – 2014) were directed according to the classical scenarios and realized in the forms of mass street protests. The models and mechanisms of coups d’état of 2004 – 2014 had many common features, but there were also differences which defined the specificity of each event and adapted them to the modern political situation in the country and in the world. 
International relations, 2015-4
Gyuler K. - Belgian federalism as a form of ethno-political conflicts management

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.4.17196

Abstract: The article is devoted to the consideration of federalism as a form of ethno-political conflict management in modern Belgium. Recently separatist movements have intensified in many national states, including some EU member-states. It is known that Brussels is not only the capital of Belgium, but also the political centre of the European Union. At the same time, the increase of ethnic and separatist movements in Western Europe, as independence referendums in Scotland, Catalonia and Northern Ireland, can lead to the increase of ethno-political conflicts in some regions of Belgium. Therefore, the prevention of conflicts in Belgium is very important for the stability in the European Union. The methodology of the research is based on the systems approach, structural-functional and comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and observation. The author pays attention to the fact that at present it is very important to consider the Belgian experience of ethno-political conflicts management on the base of the federalist model which had been adopted in the country in the late 20th century. This experience is important for modern Western European countries, since they are potentially prone to ethno-political conflicts. The article analyzes Belgium’s federal system in the context of ethno-political conflicts management. 
International relations, 2015-4
Stolkov D.S. - The role of the crisis in Iraq in the modern world politics

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.4.17226

Abstract: This article is devoted to the study of the role of the 2003 crisis in Iraq for the world politics at the global and regional levels. The object of study is the Iraq crisis of 2003. The subject of the research includes the reasons, especially the evolution and the consequences, of the Iraq crisis for the system of international relations and global and regional security, and the motives and tactics of the main actors of the Iraq crisis, the role of international organizations, alliances and coalitions in this process. The aim of the research is to define the role of the 2003 crisis in Iraq in the reforming of the system of international relations, global and regional security.The methodological basis of the research includes the systems approach, the structural and functional and the comparative political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation.The 1998 crisis between the Iraqi leadership and the UN Special Commission, which had led to the military operation of the USA and Britain (Operation Desert Fox), was a turning point in the America’s policy toward Iraq. The author pays attention to the fact that the emergence of Iraqi factor in the modern world politics, connected with a permanent statehood crisis, and the regional aspect of the Iraq problem should be studied thoroughly. The present paper attempts to study the dynamics of the Iraq problem development from 1998, the consequences of the invasion for the region and the reasons for the world community’s and political elites’ attention to this country.  
World Politics, 2015-4
Manoilo A.V. - "Russian Spring" in Syria pp. 1-26

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2015.4.17318

Abstract: This article is devoted to the study of the civil war in Syria, which the country plunged into in a result of the United States' project of "color revolutions" and "managed chaos" in the Middle East and North Africa. The article analyzes the goals, tasks, forms and methods of struggle of the sides of the conflict, both on the side of the Syrian government and belonging to the irreconcilable ("Islamic state") and the "moderate" opposition, the differences between which are not quite significant. The methodology of the research is based on the systems approach, the structural-functional, the comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and observation. The author describes the role of Russia's foreign policy in Syria for the fight against international terrorism in the context of difficult relations with the United States, conducting its anti-terrorist operation in the region. It is noted that it was Russia's participation in the Syrian conflict that put an end to the scenario of the color revolution of the "Arab Spring", preserved the Syrian state and, consequently, the possibility of the Syrian people to choose their destiny.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-4
Fel'dman P.Y. - The mechanisms of political coordination of interests: system analysis

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.4.17394

Abstract: The article considers the phenomenon of political coordination of public interests through a prism of a system approach. According to the author, there are institutionalized and non-institutionalized mechanisms by means of which public interests are being coordinated. These mechanisms are divided by the author into two types: horizontal and vertical. The first type of mechanism provides convergence of interests of subjects sharing the same political status and having similar political resources (subjects being ordinary citizens, interest groups, parliamentary fractions, deputy groups, etc.). The mechanisms of the second type are realized by means of vertical communication of the actors, who take different positions in hierarchy of political system - governmental institutes and interest groups. The methodological basis of the research is a systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The author compares the coordination mechanisms of public interest with various forms of electoral and functional representation and comes to a conclusion that balance in public interest can be achieved using political mechanisms such as public lobbying, social partnership, as well as institutes of direct democracy and parliamentary procedures. The system of administrative and communicative mechanisms by means of which the state carries out the regulation of public interests is also described in the article. The author considers "the soft power" as a prospective mechanism of harmonization of interests of the government and society.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-4
Tyukarkina O.M. - The role of "soft power" under the global economic crisis (on the example of the EU)

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.4.17439

Abstract: The article examines current status of soft power usage in the European Union and provides the analysis of the potential of using soft power as a means to overcome the negative consequences of the global economic crisis. The goal of the article is to determine the role of soft power in the European union in overcoming the negative consequences of the financial and economic crisis. The object of study is soft power in the European Union. The subject of research is the forms, methods and tools of soft power in the EU employed under the European and Global financial and economic crisis. The methodological basis of this article involves the systemic, structural-functional, comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The author describes main components as well as key instruments of the European soft power which are being used by the EU during the economic crisis in order to restore its reputational capital and stabilize the position of the European Union in the world system of political coordinates.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-4
Bocharnikov I.V. - Political science aspects of the fight against corruption

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.4.17441

Abstract: The article analyzes the current international aspects of corruption and its manifestations in the leading foreign countries: USA, UK, Germany, France, and the European Union as a whole. Using practical examples, the author demonstrates the degree of corruption spread across the governments of the countries being studied.At the same time, the regularly published global press releases of the Transparency International organization that offer a view on corruption in various countries and regions of the world describes the corruption levels in the abovementioned countries as "low". The methodological basis ofthis study includes the systemic, structural-functional, comparative-political approaches, the methods  of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation.According to «Transparency International», Russia traditionally belongs to the list of states with high levels of corruption, comparable to African countries by corruption levels. As presented in this article, the data published in the latest press release of Transparency International confirms its rating bias regarding the corruption in various countries around the world, those ratings being used as a means to discredit any state that is, for whatever reason, objectionable US and its allies.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-4
Karyakin V.V. - Definition and paradigms of geopolitical studies

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.4.17442

Abstract: This article focuses on the modern definition of and paradigms of geopolitical studies that reflect the multidimensional nature of the geopolitical space in the era of globalization. The goal of this article is to form the concepts of the paradigm basis of modern political science studies, and on the subject field and the borders of political science. The subject of this study are the definitions and paradigms of the modern political science studies. It is shown that the definition of paradigm is the communicative basis of scientific work, and involves the usage of mental constructs of the perception of reality, forming the foundation of the scientific society's self-organization. The methodological basis of the research is a systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The article considers the system transformation of the geopolitical definitions, provides the definition for this transformation that is appropriate for modern realities. The author presents a system of geopolitical paradigms that reflects global political processes. The author also indicates the connection between the system of paradigms and the "wave" evolution theory of geopolitical thought. In conclusion of the study, the author formulates the most general paradigm of modern geopolitics.
International relations, 2015-3
Khauer-Tyukarkina O.M. - Public image strategy of Great Britain: the analysis of strategies of the country’s public image optimization

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.3.10212

Abstract: The article analyzes the key image campaigns realized by Great Britain for the last 15 years with the aim to optimize the existing public image of the country as a “conservative and stiff” state and to increase the competitiveness of the country in the economic, cultural and political sense. In his famous work “The English People” George Orwell wrote that in the world of politics and force in the conditions of a permanent struggle for domination between the world powers (i.e. block confrontation between the USA and the USSR) England would have no resources for leadership. Therefore, the country’s role would come to the position of a satellite of one of the world super-powers. In this status Great Britain wouldn’t be able to influence the world developments. After the Second World War the role of Great Britain changed: the country became a secondary actor letting the USA become the global center. Even after the dissolution of the bipolar system in the late 20th century it is hard to call Britain a center of the world policy, let alone a hegemon. 
International relations, 2015-3
Vinogradova E.A. - The linguistic factor of the image of the ALBA leaders

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.3.11694

Abstract: For several centuries the countries of Latin America have been led by charismatic leaders able to relatively easily influence on the audience not only in their countries but also in other states, using the linguistic and political manipulations. In the early 21st century within the policy of strategic communication the leaders of the ALBA countries use a range of similar methods when influencing the international audience for the conduction of an independent internal or foreign policy based on the principles of a new multipolar world formation, substituting the age of a monopolar world. Today, owing to the development of such a branch of political science as imageology, oratory with its speech manipulations is also an important criterion for a political leader who wants to be a successful politician from the viewpoints of audience in his country and abroad. 
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-3
Kalachev D.N., Polulyakh D.S. - Russia - NATO relations in the context of crisis of the global governance

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.3.16150

Abstract: The article analyzes the relations between Russia and NATO in the context of the crisis of modern system of global governance. Analyzing the common practices in the field of global governance, as well as the most important problems in Russia-NATO relations, the authors reveal the fundamental obstacles in the way of development of cooperation between those parties. At this stage, the contradictions between the parties exacerbated, as a manifestation of the crisis of global governance and the general trend of increase of turbulence in world politics. The methodological basis of the study includes a systemic, structural-functional, comparative-historical, comparative-political, geo-political, cultural and civilizational approaches, discourse analysis, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, modeling, observation. When we talk about global governance, we mean the work involving the setting of priorities, streamlining processes and problem solving on all levels of the international system in various areas of international relations, based on the constant interaction of different actors, the making of formal and informal arrangements, operation of the institutions, as well as rules and practices. The authors conclude that the turbulence in world development and dissemination of relevant discourse make actors look for new, "limited" strategy of global governance.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-3
Fel'dman P.Y. - Interest groups in overcoming the global destabilization

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.3.14289

Abstract: This article reveals the prospects for utilizing the stabilizing potential of interest groups in overcoming global conflict and instability. The author concludes that the economic actors and civil society institutions can play a significant role in resolving the conflict between Russia and the West, as well as in protecting national interests of our country on the world stage.The methodological basis of the study includes a systemic, structural-functional, comparative-historical, comparative political, geopolitical, cultural and civilizational approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, modeling and observation. The current stage of the development of international relations is characterized polysubject actors that are directly or indirectly involved in the formation of a global political order. The rapid growth of influence of the large corporations, indoctrination and politicization of social structures, the formation of a global information space resulted in the loss of power monopoly by the state in international relations. Interest groups (companies, financial organizations, NGOs, media, etc.), on the other hand, acquired the status of independent actors of the global political process.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-3
Semchenkov A.S. - Military threats to the national security in the context of globalization

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.3.14334

Abstract: The article examines the traits of modern military threats to national security in the context of globalization. They are characterized by the following: an enormous spatial scope that defines the globalization of military strategy; extensive use of political and economic isolation of the victim states; coalition-based warfare; the shifting of armed conflict to the aerospace and information arenas; the growing importance of near space for warfare; the transition of electronic warfare combat from combat support to a form of warfare; intensification of innovation in the weapons industry, military and special equipment.The methodological basis of the study includes a systemic, structural-functional, comparative-historical, comparative political, geopolitical, cultural and civilizational approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, modeling, observation.Among the modern threats to national security is the lack of a solid line of contact between the opposing sides; the internationalization of internal conflicts, direct or indirect involvement of foreign governments, intelligence services, and others. Considering the characteristics of modern military threats, the author formulates the priorities for the Russian state, society and citizens that would prevent and deter wars.
International relations, 2015-3
Fel'dman P.Y. - International lobbyism in the conditions of global destabilization

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.3.14322

Abstract: The article deals with lobbying activities of Russian and foreign interest groups at the international level in the conditions of global destabilization. The author studies the peculiarities of influence of economic actors (companies, corporations, financial institutions), which interests are connected with the settlement / escalation of the conflict between Russia and the Western world, on the public authorities in the United States and the European Union. In particular, the author analyzes the examples of successful and unsuccessful lobbying campaigns aimed at overcoming of confrontation and cancellation of sanctions. The methodology of the research is based on the systems approach, the structural-functional, comparative-historical, comparative-political and cultural and civilizational approaches, the methods of analysis,  synthesis,  induction, deduction, modeling and observation.The author concludes that the so-called "interest groups of peace" and "interest groups of war" have the direct impact on the international relations. The first ones are interested in cancellation of the restrictions for international business, but the second ones, on the contrary, associate their economic interests with the further escalation of the confrontation. The author concludes that the key factor for the resolution of the conflict is the improvement of lobbying activities of the "interest groups of peace" in the American and the European governments.
International relations, 2015-3
Selezneva A.V. - Value determinants of Russia's image in the minds of Russians

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.3.14814

Abstract: The article aims to determine the influence of political values on the perception of Russia by its citizens.The formation of the country's image in the minds of people is affected by many factors: political, cultural, economic, socio-demographic, psychological. Among the latter the most important are the political values as the most stable components of personality.The article presents the political-psychological approach to the study of political values and the resulting perception peculiarities of the country by citizens. In the theoretical and methodological section of the article the nature and characteristics of political values are defined in the context of the analysis of the political perception process, and methodological foundations of their study and interpretation are also referred.The article also presents the results of empirical studies of political values which determine the influence of values on the country perception. The author concludes that the most important values for citizens are the materialistic values or values of the safety. Russians's orientation to peace, order, law, safety, human rights is a response to the socio-economic and political conditions of life in which people do not feel confident about the future. These values determine the inconsistency of the image of Russia, in which the positive characteristics of the country (territory, history) are combined with the negative representations about the state (politics and government).
Trends and management, 2015-3
Karyakin V.V. - Politics in the postmodern era: synergy, complexity and nonlinearity of the socio-political and international systems

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2015.3.16323

Abstract: This article analyzes the evolution of political science. The object of research is the Russian and international political science, the subject of investigation - the trends and patterns of its evolutionary development in the postmodern era. It is noted that in the era of globalization, the ideology of liberalism as a political theory and practice of the West, has become a tool for shaping global economic, informational and cultural spaces. This political science research focuses on the study and analysis of the characteristics of complex and non-linear social and political systems that have a high-rate variability.The methodological basis of the research is a systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation.Accelerating the transformation of the political realities of the modern world put on the agenda the issue of research of socio-political and economic systems as self-regulating and self-developing systems, as network structures, non-linear and open to the environment and exposed to social entropy.
International relations, 2015-3
Rakityanskii N.M., Zinchenko M.S. - POLITICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT OF RUSSIAN ISLAMISM

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.3.15720

Abstract: The paper presents the results of the political and psychological analysis of Russian Muslims in the context of modern transformation of semantic values of the Russian society. The authors draw the attention to the fact that in the course of liberal reforms the formation of the protest anti-Russian ideological phenomena is going on and they have a destructive character. One of them is connected with the processes of islamisaton of Russian young people and with such a political-psychological phenomenon as islamism. The methodological basis of the research is the systems approach, the structural and functional, the comparative political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The article points out the cardinal determination of neophytes' consciousness that is accompanied with the modification of the world model against the background of their infantilism, low subject status and frustrated identity. The authors come to the conclusion that the global operators of political Islam make use of psychological and spiritual predisposition of the marginal part of Russian young people to realize the strategic course on the reformation of their identification ideas and guidelines with the aim to destroy the Russian mental code.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-3
Spiridonov V.V. - On the determining basis of economic development of Russia in times of global instability

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.3.15722

Abstract: The modern world is currently undergoing a series of changes, which resulted in the formation of a new world order. These changes cause a revolutionary revision of views on key issues and problems of international relations, global and regional economic development. The methodological basis of this research is a systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The transformation of the modern world is closely connected with the evolution of the human mind and determined by the ability to make informed decisions and to choose reasonable alternatives, since humanity, by impacting the natural processes, has brought about violations of their natural course. Moreover, as shown by V.I. Vernadsky, natural phenomena can not be divided into independent parts, and thus, it is necessary to consider the humankind's place in the natural order of things. To find ways out of this complex, contradictory situation, we must find a solution with minimal colladeral damage. The theory of Technological structure by Academician S.Y.Glazyev, may serve as a guideline for leading the Russian and Global economy out of the prolonged crisis.
International relations, 2015-3
Manoilo A.V. - Results of BRICS and SCO summits in Ufa

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.3.15852

Abstract: This article summarizes and analyzes the results of the SCO and BRICS summits in Ufa, held on 8-9 July 2015. It is noted that the summits contributed to the formation of the BRICS as an international organization and the expansion of the area of the SCO's influence in West and South Asia. The content of the basic documents adopted at the BRICS summit - Ufa Declaration, Action Plan and the Strategy for Economic Partnership to 2025 - suggests that the BRICS has actually become a new instrument for the formation of a new global political reality, a multipolar world architecture. The enlargement of the SCO by admission of new members - India and Pakistan - significantly changes its regional status on the international scene and makes the organization a global actor in the world politics. The methodology of the research is based on the systems approach, the structural and functional, the comparative political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation.The proposal of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin to initiate the process of integration of the BRICS and the EAEU suggests that soon the BRICS, with the help of the EAEU resources, will become the leading world power, and the West with its policy of confrontation may find itself on the periphery of the rising economies of the BRICS member-states and and their allies, becoming the "backyard" of the BRICS.
World Politics, 2015-3
Manoilo A.V. - To kill a kitten, or the technologies of conflict mobilization in social networks pp. 1-12

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2015.3.15973

Abstract: This article is devoted to the study of modern technologies of conflict mobilization of young people in social networks. Today social networks form a special environment in which the political engineers of color revolutions are actively working, forming and consolidating the protest electorate using the means of social groups and the mechanisms of construction and transformation of virtual reality. The color revolutions specialists use the technologies of conflict mobilization of youth which aim young people at fighting against the authorities and redirect their overactivity at the participation in the mass protest activities. The methodology of the research is based on the systems approach, the structural and functional and the comparative political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation.The article describes and analyzes a typical use of these technologies which helps to replace a neutral non-political agenda of a social group with the aggressive protest behavior against the authorities without a trace in the consciousness of the group's members. It is shown that the main objects of the aspirations of the political engineers of color revolutions are not the groups of oppositionists but the initially politically neutral voters without definite political opinions. The author points at the high risk of such technologies and the need for a system counteraction to the recruiting activities of the activists of color revolutions in social networks.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-3
Filippov V.R. - Gabon in "Franceafrique's net"

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.3.16067

Abstract: Using the method of historical reconstruction, the author reveals the essence of the French neo-colonial policies in relation to Gabon after World War II. Comprehensive analysis of the less well-known historical sources (materials of legal and journalist investigations, testimonies of well-known politicians and diplomats) allows to show the reader the fundamental reliance of the political elite of this small but oil-rich African country on purely pragmatic interests of the owners of the Elysee Palace. This dependence is based, primarily, on the oil and uranium needs of the Fifth Republic. The methodological basis of the research includes the systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The author reached a substantiated conclusion that the implementation mechanisms of such policies are typical of latent foreign policies of France: it includes creating corruption schemes, arranging secret agreements between political, military and business elites of the two countries. The Fifth Republic brings puppet leaders to power (and, if necessary, and keeps them in power), and they, in turn provide the absolute preference of Paris in the economic, political and military cooperation.
World Politics, 2015-3
Karyakin V.V. - Urgent problems of the Russian political science and the ways to solve them pp. 13-22

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2015.3.16126

Abstract: The object of the study is the Russian political science at the present stage of its development. The subject of the research covers the current problems of the Russian political science and its analytical support. The research is aimed at identification and specification of the problems of the Russian political science at the present stage and at finding the ways to solve them. The article considers the problems of the Russian political science and analytical activity. The author shows that these problems are determined by the linkage between analytical centers and the interests of their customers. The methodological basis of the research includes the systems approach, the structural and functional and the comparative political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The author concludes that to provide the high-quality analysis and forecasting of the development of socio-political situation it is necessary to introduce new research technologies based on the understanding of socio-political and international systems as non-linear objects functioning in the conditions of a determinate chaos and a high dynamics of social entropy. The author presents the organizational approaches to the formation of the system of analytical centers using foreign experience. 
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-3
Karyakin V.V. - The problems of the Russian Political Science and their solutions

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.3.16125

Abstract: The subject of study is the Russian political science at the present stage of its development. This article studies the current problems of Russian political science and its analytical support. The goal is to identify and specify the problems of the Russian political science at the present stage and to identify ways to address them. The article examines topical issues of Russian political science and analytic work. The methodological basis of the research is a systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The article shows that these problems connected with corporate affiliation of analytical centers that serve the corporate interests of their customers. The author draws a conclusion that for qualitative analysis and forecasting of the development of socio-political situation, we need a new research technology based on taking socio-political and international systems as nonlinear objects functioning in conditions of determinable chaos and high dynamics of social entropy. The work discusses an organizational approach for handling these problems taking into account foreign experience in this field.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-3
Kalachev D.N. - The problem of the U.S. National Missile Defense placement in Europe in the context of relations Russia-NATO relations

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.3.16151

Abstract: The article analyzes the history and current state of the US national missile defense system deployment in Europe in the context of the evolution of Russia - NATO relations. To prove the thesis of the inefficiency of placement of the defense complex for the purposes of protection against Iranian missiles, the author pays special attention to the analysis of its technical capabilities. The methodological basis of the study consists of the systemic, structural-functional, comparative-historical, comparative-political, geo-political, cultural and civilizational approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, modeling, observation. The NMD deployment project in Eastern Europe is incapable of enhancing the defensive capabilities of Europe, nor the U.S., nor Russia. The partnership between the two parties can be continued only on the basis of equality, within the framework of international law on the basis of legally binding intergovernmental agreements.
Trends and management, 2015-3
Kalachev D.N. - The system of national security: theoretical and methodological basis

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2015.3.16154

Abstract: The object of this study is the national security of Russian Federation. The vectors and challenges of national interests and national security interests of Russian Federation in light of NATO's eastward expansion. The article examines the theoretical and methodological basis of national security systems: basic concepts are defined as "national values" and "national interests", the category of "threats" is being explained. Clarification of these concepts give theoretical validity to the constantly growing number of studies in the field of national security. The methodological basis of the study includes systemic, structural-functional, comparative-historical, comparative-political, geo-political, cultural and civilizational approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, modeling, observation. By "national security" we understand a state of safety of vital interests of the individual, of society and the state in all spheres of their life against internal and external threats and hazards, ensuring their sustainable development. By "national interests" we understand the totality of vital interests of the individual, of society and the state, that express the will of the nation for sustainable development.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-3
Khabenskaya E.O. - Senegal and Guinea-Bissau: the Casamance conflict viewpoint (1959-1998).

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.3.16181

Abstract: This article explores the situation is Casamance (a southern province of Senegal, which gravitates towards Guinea-Bissau, both culturally and historically), which, across several decades, is a major influencing factor. The author's attention is focused on political, ideological and cultural determinants of the tensions between the two countries. The main cause for those tensions, according to the author, are fundamental differences of the ideological values, and thus, political orientations of the ruling elites of Senegal and Guinea-Bissau.The intensity of the Casamance conflict, according to the author, is explained by the transparency of the state borders, and the social, cultural, linguistic and confessional kinship of the tribal groups (Diola, Balante, Mandingo), living in adjacent territories.Using the method of historical reconstruction, the author analyzes the dynamics of the relations between the two neighboring countries of the West African region in the context of the prolonged conflict in Casamance - the southern Senegalese province, bordering on the Guinea-Bissau and claims to secession. The author concludes that the nature of relations between the two countries largely depended on their domestic situation: Guinea-Bissau, which is constantly in a "fever" of military coups and leadership changes, has demonstrated an inconsistent position towards the separatist movement in Casamance. However, the mutual problems with security and control over the border areas of the two countries, the leaders were forced to overcome ideological differences and cooperate against the separatists. 
Trends and management, 2015-3
Khramov A.V. - The Technology Russian import

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2015.3.16188

Abstract: This article is focused to the issue of the creation of Russian import-substituting technology solutions, an important factor which gives the opportunity to save capital in Russia that was previously expended on the purchase of foreign technology. The purpose of this research is to determine the basic principles and directions of import-substitution policy realization on the level of singular maghine engineering enterprises. The object of study is import substitution in Russian Federation, the subject of research are the forms, methods, tools and technologies of Russian import-substitution in the engineering industry.The methodological basis of this research includes systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation.The author notes the relevance of import substitution in the modern Russia's realities, especially relevant for machine-building enterprises or enterprises that work with complex engineering. However, the lack of personnel that is capable of providing quality engineering and consulting services on the Russian market is apparent. The author gives specific recommendations on this issue. This article, however, supports the following provision: import substitution should not mean lowering the quality requirements or refusal to compete with global producers.
Trends and management, 2015-3
Movsesyan M. - The role of the civil society in the political process in modern Russia at the example of the Civil University

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2015.3.16327

Abstract: This article is focused on studying of the role of the civil society in the political process of modern Russia at the example of the Civil University of the political party "United Russia". The objects of study are the institutions of civil society in modern Russia, their role in Russian politics, the political system and the political process in the Russian Federation. Subject of research is the work of the Civil University of "United Russia".The methodological basis of the research includes systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation.The author notes that in the process of the election of deputies of the State Duma of the VII convocation using a mixed electoral system will require co-integration and mutual cooperation between the technological blocs of politicians elected in majority system constituencies and party lists. Qualitative positioning of applicants would solve the main problem of the forthcoming election campaign, which is ensureing the election's legitimacy among the citizens. The integration of the electorate in the electoral process, the high recognizability of candidates and electorate's support, participation of the majority of population in the elections will ensure both, legal, but also the main public recognition of elections as an institution of the country.
International relations, 2015-2
Kosenko S.I. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.2.10167

Abstract:
International relations, 2015-2
Semchenkov A.S. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.2.11570

Abstract:
International relations, 2015-2
Charkovska E. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.2.12383

Abstract:
International relations, 2015-2
Veprintsev V.B. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.2.12417

Abstract:
International relations, 2015-2
Vinogradova E.A. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.2.12594

Abstract:
International relations, 2015-2
Sotiropulo P. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.2.12589

Abstract:
World Politics, 2015-2
Shitova E.N. - “Democracies with adjectives” in the discourse of political science: the place of Latin America and the post-Soviet space on the theoretical world map pp. 45-63

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2015.2.12626

Abstract: Nowadays an essential gap between formal democratic institutions and cultural, historical, and value traditions historically peculiar to certain countries/societies can be observed. The phenomenon of democracies conforming to the formal, procedural attributes, but giving rise to doubt in their democratic essence, produced new concepts describing the existing changes which are generally called “democracies with adjectives”. At present this discourse covers more than 60 countries, and the most extensive discussion takes place around the countries of Latin America. The author uses the system, structural-functional and comparative-political approaches, the methods of induction, deduction, analysis, synthesis, observation, modeling, and expert assessments. The article explains the concept of “democracies with adjectives”, describes the problem field of this concept, and the main phases of its establishment, outlines the problem spheres influenced by the democracy discourse, shows the countries involved in this discourse and the strategies of the authors of the concept. 
International relations, 2015-2
Zholobova O.A. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.2.12709

Abstract:
International relations, 2015-2
Karyakin V.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.2.12747

Abstract:
International relations, 2015-2
Kurilkin A.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.2.12749

Abstract:
International relations, 2015-2
Bocharnikov I.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.2.12846

Abstract:
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-2
Bairektarevich A. - Европа - оплот низшего человека или сверхчеловека, новая Византия или гниющая Римская Империя

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.2.13262

Abstract: Свежий доклад МВФ о мировой экономике (уже шестой год подряд и третий раз за последний год) принес дурные вести для членов Большой семерки - и в особенности для США и Евросоюза. Спасет ли ситуацию столь рьяно продвигаемая США межатлантическая зона свободной торговли? Или же такое давление опрокинет единую Европу? Является ли продлеваемый конфликт ЕС и России началом конфликта Атлантической зоны с центральной Европой по поводу России в рамках глобальной геоэкономической дилеммы выбора долговременных партнеров? Методологическую основу исследования составляют структурный, функциональный и сравнительно-исторический, культурно-цивилизационный подходы, методы анализа, синтеза, моделирования. Приведет ли кризис Украины (и восточной Европы) к новому великому континентальному союзу уставший от экономии Франции или трудящейся в поте лица Германии с Россией, тем самым положив конец Евросоюзу? По чьей воле восточная Европа отгорожена от участия в важных спорах на темы Славянства, идентичности, светского государства и антифашизма? Почему же мы удивляемся, что во всей центральной Европе, сосредоточенной вокруг Германии, нео-нацизм укрепляет позиции, в то время, как лишь Россия защищает позиции антифашизма и (пан-) Славянства?
International relations, 2015-2
Filippov V.R. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.2.13714

Abstract:
Politics and Society, 2015-2
Filimonov G.Y., Yurakov M. - Ukrainian Crisis in the Mirror of the American Foreign Policy Strategy

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0684.2015.2.13914

Abstract: The article presents a conceptual author's view on the current topic related to the change of the political regime in the Ukraine and the role of the United States of America in this process. The object of research is the technology of the regime change and manipulation of consciousness used by the US to implement its own foreign policy strategy. The subject of research is the use of such technologies in the Ukraine. The novelty of the research lies in the innovative approach of the authors to the actual problem which is associated with the dismantling of the political regime in the Ukraine.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-2
Filippov V.R. - Blaise Compaoré: exile from Olympus

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.2.14252

Abstract: The method of retrospective political reconstruction allowed the author to find out the causes of social and political crisis and the military coup that changed the political regime of Burkina Faso in October-November 2014. Emphasis is placed on clarifying the role of the French secret services, which in 1987 organized a coup in the country; the killing of legitimate President Thomas Sankara and brought Captain Blaise Compaore to power. It is considered the socio-political and economic causes of instability regime, which was also engineered by this odious politician, with the support of the Elysee Palace. The author evaluates the concept of changing the country's constitution and extending presidential the powers to a fiveyear term as a conflict factor that may provoke civil disobedience. He also investigates the reasons for undercover sets "Françafrique" to evacuate the toppled B. Compaoré in Côte d'Ivoire on October 31, 2014. The author analyzes the response of the international community and influential international structures to the military coup and the subsequent change of the form of government in Burkina Faso. It is concluded that the events of the end of last year marked the beginning of the collapse of the "Françafrique" neo-colonial empire.
Trends and management, 2015-2
Bocharnikov I.V. - Non-nuclear deterrence as a factor of security and sovereignty of Russia in modern conditions

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2015.2.14226

Abstract: This article analyzes the decisions made by Russian high military and political authorities in order to ensure national and military security of the country, including those reflected in the new edition of the Military Doctrine. The chief factor for securing Russian sovereignty is non-nuclear deterrence, which was declared in the Russian Military Doctrine for the first time. Based on the analysis of existing military and political situation in the world, the article describes the author's vision of the most prospective vectors of its content. The methodological basis of this article contains the systemic, structural-functional, comparative-historical, comparative-politicao, geopolitical and cultural-civilizational approaches, as well as the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, modeling, observation. This article offers the main bundles of vectors for non-nuclear deterrence, which are described in the Military Doctrine. Their full realization will, in our opinion, guarantee the deterrence of aggression, as well as ensure military security of the country. The logic of the Military Doctrine is obvious - to create conditions that would eliminate any temptation to test Russia's defenses. The general motif of late 2014 decisions regarding security is the statement that Russia has interests that need defending, personnel and materiel that will ensure this defense, and strategic deterrence system as the key factor in this plan.
Trends and management, 2015-2
Fel'dman P.Y. - Political activities of interest groups in global destabilization conditions

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2015.2.14236

Abstract: The article discusses the impact of interest groups on the authorities in the context of global destabilization, which finds expression in the aggravation of relations between Russia and the West. The author concludes that the role of the media economic interests (companies, financial institutions and enterprises of the military-industrial complex, etc.) in the escalation of international conflict is very significant. However, the author sees these interest groups as the force that can contribute to overcoming global destabilization.The methodological basis of the study is built from a systemic, structural-functional, comparative-historical, comparative political, geopolitical, cultural and civilizational approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, modeling, observation.        Despite the fact that interest groups largely are responsible for the aggravation of the geopolitical conflict between Russia and the West, it is with the effort of some of those groups that we can associate the prospects for overcoming the global destabilization. Companies affected by sanctions (ExxonMobil, Chevron, Visa, MasterCard, Coca-Cola, Xerox Corp., "Rosneft" and others) act on the international stage as mediators, whose economic interests can not be fully satisfied under the conditions of a confrontation between the major world powers and their satellites. Western corporations lobbying aimed at softening US foreign policy and the abolition of the anti-Russian sanctions may contribute to the settlement of international conflict and minimize its negative effects.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-2
Filippova E.I. - Three days that shook France

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.2.14282

Abstract: The article explores the events of January 7-11, 2015 in France: the terrorist attack on the editorial board of the weekly, “Charlie Hebdo”, the killing of police officers, taking of hostages, as well as the mass manifestations known as the Republican march. The methods of analysis of this "outlier case", i.e. extreme, atypical, deviant situation, examined in this article, reveal hidden social processes and phenomena, as well as offer some explanations as to the reasons of those events. The study is based on a variety of sources such as eyewitness accounts, French mass media, photo- and video materials, official statements, public statistics, and results of mass surveys conducted by various French sociological organizations, as well as qualitative data collected by the author in France in the period from 2004 to 2014.The methodological basis of the study constitute a systemic, structural-functional, comparative-historical, comparative political, geopolitical, cultural and civilizational approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, modeling, observation.This study rejects an opinion widespread in Russian scholarship about the religious and cultural nature of this type of conflict, it also rejects the proposed methods of solving such conflicts by tightening immigration policy and enhancing security measures. The study identifies the "risk zones": city suburbs, public schools, and prisons, which require urgent radical reforms, public attention and investment. The study warns about the real possibility of an escalation of radicalism, intolerance, xenophobia, and sympathy for the ideology of the extreme right groups. The study concludes that public safety cannot be achieved without the strengthening of civil and national unity. The mass manifestations of January 11 demonstrated the ability of French society to unite in front of the threat and challenges, and this potential should be further employed.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-2
Bunevich D.S. - The 2014 Crimea crisis and the construction of a new architecture of international relations

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.2.14333

Abstract: The article investigates the process of the erosion of Yalta-Potsdam system of international relations of the post-Cold War era. The world community was in accordance with the fact that Washington has played the leading role in all matters relating to international security. Aggressive US foreign policy in the Balkans and the Middle East led to a significant weakening of international institutions and the erosion of the principles of international law. Destructive role of the United States as the sole superpower became more and more apparent over time. The methodological basis of the study constitute a systemic, structural-functional, comparative-historical, comparative political, geopolitical, cultural and civilizational approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, modeling, observation.It is concluded that the Crimean crisis has shown the need for new rules of international coexistence. In Crimea, Russia challenged the existing world order, which is based on US hegemony. And Russia, despite the sanctions deployed against it, did not find itself in diplomatic isolation. If Russia successfully overcomes the political and economic pressure from the US and its allies, and mobilizes and structures the growing global discontent with the American hegemony, then the world would be facing a fundamentally new outlook. The author predicts that the new (Crimean) the system of international relations will follow the principles of the Vienna system.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-2
Fel'dman P.Y. - On the issue of lobbying as a conflictogene

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.2.14756

Abstract: The main aim of the author of this article is to identify and study potential conflicts that can occur in the process of lobbying. To achieve this purpose, the author sets multiple goals: to explain the necessity of using the communicative approach to study the phenomenon of lobbying; to identify the main structural elements of lobbying communication and to estimate their conflict potential; to assess the probability of conflicts in the process of lobbying. The article notes that conflicts in lobbying communication are almost inevitable, due to the fact that public resources and the benefits are finite, and they are contested by competing actors. Through structural and functional analysis of lobbying communication the author identifies the basic types of conflicts that occur at different stages of the flow of information from its source to its destination. The methodological base of research involves the system, structural-functional, comparative and political approaches, methods of the analysis, synthesis, supervision, modeling. The author concludes that conflicts in lobbying are determined by relationships between competing entities (interest groups); by the level of openness and accessibility of public institutions; by lobbying techniques used to influence the authorities; by the degree of transparency of lobbying communications and by fairness of political and administrative decisions.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-2
Karyakin V.V. - The tough fate of Russian reforms

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.2.14816

Abstract: On the basis of the retrospective historical analysis of the previous cycles of modernization in Russia, the author attempts to find the leverage spots for overcoming the barriers which stand in the way of Russia's development in critical periods of history. Judging by the analysis of Russian modernization cycles, our country as a major power has been objectively compelled to accept globalization's challenges, but each time, was subjectively not ready for it. The periods of open-door politics cycled with long periods of self-isolation, which involved reappraisal of values and the search for Russia's own ways of development. All of this led to instability, which threatens catastrophic domestic scenarios. The methodological basis of this research includes the systemic, structural-functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, observation. Nowadays Russia is facing the next stage of reforms along with aggravation of the international situation. At the same time the scale of problems that Russia is facing considerably surpasses its available economic, personnel and demographic resources. It is obvious that Russia must abandon inertial approach to interstate and domestic problems, passive defense that often conceals passivity with the imitation of work of the government, and cautious wait-and-see behavior that leads to delayed reaction to events, instead of their causes. The article offers a problem-solving toolkit and possible scenarios of international development in the context of security of the Russian Federation.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-2
Spiridonov V.V. - On the role of money, credit, banks for Russia, in the context of sanctions

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.2.14825

Abstract: The dynamics of the processes in world politics and economy poses new challenges to Russia. One of the possible solutions to this problem is the policy of modernization of Russia. Modernization, which is primarily a re-industrialization effort, requires considerable financial resources, and therefore depends on the capacity of the banking system. Without the support of the banking sector the real economy cannot keep up with the demands of our time. In turn, the geopolitical situation in the present moment requires Russian banks to exercise a new approach to global challenges. Methodological basis for this study is a systematic, structural-functional, comparative political economy and comparative approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The processes that take place in global politics and economy are directly related to the challenges that Russia currently faces. Therefore, the importance of the course for the modernization of Russia is quite obvious. It is also clear that modernization would not be complete if it does not cover all areas of social life in Russia. Modernization of the domestic economy must play the most fundamental role, and it will be possible if both, the experience of Russia and that of developed countries is studied and applied carefully.
World Politics, 2015-2
Manoilo A.V. - Geopolitical Order of the Modern World in the Context of Global Instability pp. 86-98

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2015.2.15309

Abstract: The modern geopolitical order of the world is characterized by an extreme instability. Its main peculiarity is that geopolitical borders, delimiting modern states and nations, exist now not so much within geographical boundaries of watersheds (mountain ranges) and coastlines, as in the minds of people who have learned to divide the society into "the same" and "the others" on the basis of belonging to certain national interests, values, ideological concepts, doctrines, and patterns of political behavior which can be followed by both continental and island states. The methodology of the research is based on the system, structural-functional, and comparative political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, and observation.Symbols serving as markers are used to consolidate these boundaries in the minds of the population, marking "the same" and separating them from “the others.” Often these markers are of a primitive character, such as flowers (roses in Georgia, tulips in Kyrgyzstan, cornflowers in Belarus, cactuses in Mexico, and jasmine in Tunisia) in the hands of the participants of the color revolutions in the CIS, orange rags in Ukraine, or white ribbons in Russia, dates in Tunisia and Egypt, etc. 
World Politics, 2015-2
Manoilo A.V. - Comparative Separatism: World Experience and Russian Realities pp. 141-169

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2015.2.15335

Abstract: The concept of “separatism” is widely interpreted in modern political and legal practice. This concept implies: the raising of claims for the parts of state territories self-determination and their subsequent separation and independence (secessionism); the use of illegal methods (power) of management for the expansion of autonomous, federal, confederal rights. In some cases the separatist movement may operate in neighboring countries, supporting the unification with the neighboring country or its part (irredentism). Separatist movements create political parties, usually of nationalistic or military (terrorist) character and, if possible, a kind of “government in exile.”The methodology of the research is based on the system, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, and observation.Separatist movements today are spreading around the world. Currently, they are a global ethno-political problem. Separatism is aimed at separation of a certain area from the multi-national state and creation of an independent nation-state.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-2
Rakityanskii N.M., Kolesnichenko Y.V. - Philosophical and psychological dimension of a personality portrayal of a politician

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.2.15719

Abstract: Based on the advancements of Russian philosophical and psychological school during the 1920-30s, the authors have attempted to reflect on its potential in the context of portraying contemporary politicians. Major paradigmatic directions of development of the phenomenon of identification based on the context principle are disclosed. Fundamental philosophical differences, philosophical, psychological and actual psychological interpretations of the concept of personality are outlined. Heuristic aspects of Russian religious philosophical and psychological thought, which give modern philosophical discourse a peculiar introspective dimension, are revealed. The authors appeal to the integration potential of philosophical psychology, which as a frontier discipline, and contains a convergent resource, forming a synthesis of knowledge about personality. It shows the unique imagery of Russian philosophical and psychological consciousness as a "multidimensional" consciousness, which originates in the traditions of the Byzantine ontological aesthetics. It is concluded that the psychological portraiture of a politician's personality takes considerable heuristic potential, based on the theory of the image, symbolic and axiological approach.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-2
Filippov V.R. - Sekou Toure and the failure of the French neo-colonialism in Guinea

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.2.15721

Abstract: The article focuses on clarifying the role of the French secret diplomacy and the French special services, which, since 1958, have made every effort to destroy the foundations of the sovereignty of the Republic of Guinea because it didn't wish to be a part of the French Commonwealth and declared a full national sovereignty. This article examines the social, political and economic factors that allowed a very small and poor African state to effectively oppose the French neo-colonialism. Using the method of historical reconstruction the author finds out the reasons for the destructive policy of France with regard to Guinea in the late 1950's - early 1970-ies. The author analyses the role of the Soviet Union and other socialist countries in providing real sovereignty to Guinea through the rebuilding its economy and financial system. The author concludes that due to the international situation prevailing in the world after the World War II, the "Françafrique" spy network failed to destroy the state security services in Portuguese Guinea as well as to kill the leader of the Guinean nation A.S. Toure. This highlights the role of the Guinean precedent in the collapse of the French colonial empire.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-2
Bocharnikov I.V. - Prospects forming a Russian national ideology, considering the crisis of the Anglo-Saxon model of liberal democracy

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.2.15785

Abstract: The article analyzes the reasons for the consolidation of Russian society in the environment of anti-Russian sanctions by the US and EU, that has predetermined the increase in the confidence of the citizens in the head of state and the legislative and executive power.At the same time, the rating of the leaders responsible for the implementation of anti-Russian sanctions, has shown steady decline, in contrast. The article presents sociological data confirming this trend. The reason for the contrast in the dynamics of citizens' trust in their leaders and the public authorities of their respective countries does not only stem from different positions regarding the defense of national interests, but also the crisis of the actively-enforced Anglo-Saxon model of liberal democracy.The methodological basis of the research is a systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation.The most important specifics of the contemporary development of the majority of the world community is the consolidation of position of state-oriented organizations and movements.It is concluded that the role and importance of the reception of traditional values is growing, as well as the role and authority of the state in addressing critical issues of life of Russian society.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-2
Manoilo A.V. - "To kill the kitten", or social network conflict mobilization technologies at work.

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.2.15851

Abstract: This article is focused on the study of modern conflict technologies aimed at mobilizing young people in social networks. Today, social networks are a represent a peculiar environment in which "color revolution" political technologists actively form and consolidate protest electorate, using the potential of virtual communities and the tools for building and altering virtual reality. "Colour revolution" specialists employ conflict mobilization technologies that affect younger people, injecting them with the idea of fighting against authorities, and directing their natural hyperactivity towards mass protest. The methodological basis of this research consists of the systemic, structural and functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. This article describes and analyzes a typical application of these technologies that allows for undetected replacement of a neutral, non-political agendas of a social group with an aggressive one, antagonistic towards authority in power. It is shown that the main targets of political strategists of colored revolutions are not a groups of political opposition-aligned individuals, but rather a politically neutral electorate, undecided on their outlook. The author demonstrates the magnitude of the threat that such technologies present, and points out the need for systemic countermeasures against the colour revolution activist recruitment in social networks.
International relations, 2015-1
Spiridonov V.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.1.11280

Abstract:
International relations, 2015-1
., . -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.1.11479

Abstract:
International relations, 2015-1
Filippov V.R. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.1.12302

Abstract:
World Politics, 2015-1
Borodinov E.N. - Analysis of the foreign political operation in the Crimea. pp. 81-88

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2015.1.12586

Abstract: This article concerns the analysis of the foreign political operation in Crimea, which was implemented by the armed forces of the Russian Federation  ("polite people"), the author provides evaluations of efficiency of this operation, conclusions are made on the key elements of unexpectedness and conspiracy. Considering the fact that the documents on this foreign political operation are not in open access,  the conclusion that secrecy was upmost important follows from the statements of the Russian politicians and diplomats, who have commented on the results of reunion of the Crimea and the Russian Federation.  It is noted that in spite of the fact that this foreign political operation was successful and its goal was achieved, it did have some shortcomings, which may be explained by the specific features of the Crimean precedent. As a result of the analysis the author reveals some moments which partially showed the participation of the Russian armed forces in the events in the Crimea.  The conclusion is made regarding what could be done to avoid the preliminary publicity on the fact of participation of the Russian armed forces. The conclusions in this article may be used for planning and implementation of similar scenarios. 
World Politics, 2015-1
Manoilo A.V. - Color revolutions and the technologies for the disassembly of political regimes. pp. 1-19

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2015.1.12614

Abstract: This article is devoted to the analysis of the problems regarding disassembly of political regimes in the modern states (both authoritarian and democratic ones) and role of the color revolutions technologies in this process. The problems of disassembly of political regimes and related problems of color revolutions become especially topical nowadays. It has to do with more than just the fact that detailed evaluation of the events in Ukraine shows that they copy the scenarios of color revolutions in the North Africa and the Middle East, the so-called "Arabian Spring", and, more specifically, the revolutions in Egypt and Syria, showing that these events were not merely accidental, they were arranged and managed from a single decision-making center.  The cause of the above is that the new generation of the more subtle instruments of foreign political influence currently takes the place of traditional instruments, to which the international community is used to. These new methods combine force and information technologies for the manipulation of the mass conscience and mass behavior of large quantities of civilian population.
World Politics, 2015-1
Khizrieva S.S. - Public diplomacy in the foreign policy of Brazil at the period of rule of L.I. Lula da Silva. pp. 47-54

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2015.1.12617

Abstract: After the crash of the bipolar system of global order the practice of international relations has changed significantly. The changes mostly concerned appearance of new communications and information technologies. At the start of the XXI centuries many states have attempted to take a prominent position in the global community, searching for new efficient methods for the formation of foreign economic relations - political communications. Brazil applies new political communications technologies in order to spread Latin American values and to guarantee its leadership in politics and economy.  One of the directions of foregn policy of L.I. Lula da Silva was widening the scope of cooperation with the EU states, which could have  formed competition for the USA in Brazil due to the development of strategic partnership, and they also could have provided information support for Brazil as a result of information operations of the USA.  In addition, an important goal for L.I. Lula da Silva's office was to form a positive image of Brazil and its officials in order to widen the scope of cooperation between the two regions in various spheres.
World Politics, 2015-1
Vinogradova E.A. - Role of the ALBA public diplomacy in the regulation of the Syrian conflict. pp. 55-65

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2015.1.12619

Abstract: Politics of the ALBA states in the sphere of public diplomacy is one of the key foreign political targets for the ALBA states in their assymmetrical information strife with the USA. In the period from 2006 to 2013 the ALBA states have put their influence upon the international mass media in order to form a negative reputation for the USA. The strenghening foreign political dialog between the ALBA states and Syria, uniting the two regions based upon the platform of opposition to the unipolar influence of the USA opens additional perspectives for the formation of the new power centers against the monopolarity in the world. The methodology of the study is based upon systemic and structural-functional approaches, comparative historical and comparative political analysis, cultural civilization approach, methods of induction, deduction, construction, modeling, expert evaluation, analysis, synthesis, observation. In 2004 9 states of the Latin America and the Caribbean - Bolivia, Venezuela, Cuba, Equador, Nicaragua, Dominicana, Antigua and Barbados, St. Vincent and Grenadines formed an international organization and sub-regional integration association ALBA: Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra America. Initiators of ALBA formation were Fidel Castro and Hugo Chavez.
World Politics, 2015-1
Veprintsev V.B. - Influence of information component on the interaction of geopolitical subjects. pp. 192-212

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2015.1.12621

Abstract: The character of modern geopolitical relations is to a great extent defined by the transformation of traditional geopolitics, which is implemented by the geopolitical subjects (subjects of geopolitical relations). This study regards geopolitical subjects as any structured communities of people, which are the subjects of geopolitical relations, that is, they have interests in gaining and preserving control over certain areas (territories, spheres) and the resources (energies) spread in them, forming to this purpose various institutional organizations (including states) and having the necessary potential for it.Having reclaimed traditional geographical areaas and having formed the most efficient system of social and political structure, which was possible at the time, corresponding to territorial and geographical conditions for the existence of this subject of geopolitical relations, most of the states as geopolitical subjects faced the problem of impossibility for further territorial development by direct territorial (geographical) expansion without inacceptable conflicts based upon the scale of the costs and damage. Successful competition in the international arena and in the end survival of a geopolitical subject becomes impossible without advanced technologies of managing resources of the territories controlled by this geopolitical subject.  In such a situation knowing the key mechanisms for the geopolitical interactions in the modern world become key for the administrative structures of the subject of geopolitical relations.  Also under the influence of the processes of transformation of the contents of aggregate geopolitical area the traditional models of geopolitical interaction gain new quality and principally new ones are born.
World Politics, 2015-1
Shitova E.N. - Methods of fighting corruption in Brazil: achievemetns and new challenges. pp. 123-143

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2015.1.12664

Abstract: Corruption is a large-scale problem throughout the political system of Brazil. Corruption permeats all of the levels of state administration (federal, regional, municipal) and all of the branches of power. In spite of the measures taken at the state level the problem of corruption remains ttopical. The controlling services become more and more branched, but they do not become more efficient.  The informal practices of public relations form an important part of the Brazilian culture and influence its efficiency. Corruption in Brazil is caused both by the imperfections of the instituions themselves and by the cultural acceptance of it.  The methodology of the article involves systemic, structural functional, comparative political approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, deduction, observation and modeling.  The article involves analysis of the nature of the corruption "Brazilian style", its cultural specificities, and measures against it at all state levels since 2000s, including the agencies responsible for fighting corruption, legislative regulation of corruption, results, which have been achieved and the new challenges.
World Politics, 2015-1
Manoilo A.V. - Geopolitical picture of the modern world and controlled chaos. pp. 66-80

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2015.1.12665

Abstract: The modern geopolitical worldview is quite instable. Its main specific feature is that the geopolitical borders dividing modern states and nations are based not as much on geographical borders, water and mountain ridges, rather they are in the minds of the people, dividing the society into "us" and "them" based upon certain national interests, values, ideological concepts, doctrines, models of political behavior, and both continental and island states may follow these models. The methodology of the article involves systemic, structural-functional, comparative, and cultural civilization approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation and modeling.  In order to support these borders in the mind of the people the symbols are used as markers for "our" people, allowing to distinguish "our" people and divide them from the "their" people. These markers may be primitive. It may be flowers (roses in Georgia, tulips in Kyrgyzstan, cornflowers in Belarus, cacti in Mexico, jasmine in Tunisia) in the hands of the participants of the color revolutions in the CIS, pieces of orange cloth in Ukraine or white ribbons in Russia, figs in Tunisia and Egypt, etc.
World Politics, 2015-1
Manoilo A.V. - Color revolution in Venezuela. pp. 176-179

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2015.1.12666

Abstract: The situation analogous to the Ukrainian situation is currently ongoing in Venezuela. There is a protest movement in Venezuela, which has all the elements of the classical color revolution. It may mean, that having implemented the color revolution scenario in Ukraine, the USA started dealing with another ally of Russia - Venezuela.  It also may be stated that now the USA sends the wave of color revolutions more than just one certain state (for example, Ukraine), rather the influence involves several strategic directions: Ukraine, Kirgizia, Kazakhstan, Venezuela (formerly Ukraine till February 2014) as strategic allies of Russia. The methodology of the article includes systemic, structural-functional, and comparative approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis and modeling. In case of Venezuela the so-called controlled chaos shall be involved to ruin the social unity of those, who gained many benefits from the peaceful revolution of Chavez, and to weaken other Latin American states, so they would not help Venezuela.
World Politics, 2015-1
Manoilo A.V. - Countermeasures against the spread of color revolution ideology among the young people. pp. 180-191

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2015.1.12667

Abstract: The issue of organizing countermeasures against the spread of the color revolution ideology among the University students is very topical nowadays. The student environment is mostly non-political, but it is very flexible. It easily supports any slogans, which allow the students to differ from their peers. The goal of activities in the student environment is boosting self-esteem, bringing variety into lives of students, dealing with boredom and looking for vivid impressions. Often this need of the young people in self-esteem is manifested through the denial of the existing norms and standards, including the fundamentals of the state structure. That is why the students are so eager to join any protest movements, which allow them to do so, treat any new member individually and provide them an active role in their work.  The methodology of the article is based upon systemic and comparative approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, deduction, induction, observation, modelling.  All of the above differs from the pro-government youth movements, many of which are organized like neo-sects or military barracks, looking like "gray matter" going where they are sent.  Becoming a member of such an organization the student loses his freedom, and he gets a personal commander, whom he has to obey without any questions asked.
World Politics, 2015-1
Borodin E.A. - Reasonable approach to global politics. pp. 20-46

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2015.1.12668

Abstract: This article is devoted to the studies of the role of reason in the modern political processes, global politics and foreign policies of the nation-states. The article attempts to clarify the basic terms regarding the term "reason", showing how the factor of reason is comprehended by the parties to the political relations and political process. It is established that reason is a complicated structure, and it may manifest itself at individual, collective, and distributed levels in political and social activities of a person.  The appearance of the network structures in the modern society forms new network type of reason, which influences the reasonability criteria and evaluation of reasonability of certain political strategies and courses. As a result it becomes clear that speaking of reasonable policy, we often mean different bases and criteria for being reasonable. Moreover, different cultures have their own ideas of reason and being reasonable in political activities based upon their own traditions and values. At the same time the noosphere teaching of V.I. Vernadskiy allows to synthesize various approaches to reason and its role in politics within a single paradigm, which is brought together by the modern ideology of noovitism.
World Politics, 2015-1
Frolov D.B. - The concept of the information joint staff and state information policy in Russia. pp. 213-224

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2015.1.12670

Abstract: For over two decades Russia has been developing the model of the open society with the market economy, but still abroad it is regarded as an "Empire of Evil" or at least as its heir. It is facilitated by the active information pressing of the USA, the Great Britain and the European Union states. The information sing-along is formed with the former Socialist states. There are mixed feelings towards Russia. As a losing party in the Cold War it is looked down upon and despised. As an owner of the largest nuclear potential in the world it is regarded with envy and concern. The methodology of studies is formed based upon systemic and comparative approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, modeling and information political approach. While being unable to force a "new order" in Russia, as it was done in Yugoslavia, the Western states wage a complex information warfare against the Russian government and the Russian patriotic forces. We do remember that Russia lost in such an information war during the first war in Chechnya. Then the situation got a bit better, but we still cannot manage to win in the race for the public opinion abroad.
International relations, 2015-1
Manoilo A.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.1.12671

Abstract:
World Politics, 2015-1
Bondarchuk A. - Face and nature of the Ukrainian fascism. pp. 144-152

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2015.1.12672

Abstract: The author of this article recently visited the assembly of the "Svoboda" party, where Oleg Tyagnibok was moved for Presidency in Ukraine. The article expresses his opinion as a citizen and a professional psychologist.  There are many young people among the delegates, including the members of the new Kyiv Government and several governors assigned via the quota of the Svoboda party. There are people no older than 30 judging by their looks among the governors.  All of them have no administrative experience, except for managing sotnyas at the Maidan. It is not known how such inexperienced cadres shall manage state administration. The association has started, and usually the organizational issues are dealt with at this stage. And even at the initial stage there were things, which shocked, worried, amazed and scared the author as an independent observer.  The methodology of the article is based upon the systemic and structural-functional approach, methods of analysis, synthesis, observation, construction, induction, deduction and dialectics.  The ideology of the Right-wing ultra-nationalism (de facto Fascism) is forced into Ukraine by someone's skilled hands. This is a political technology is aimed for development of the mutual fear among the Russian and Ukrainian people, "demonizing" and forming the image of the Russian and Ukrainian enemies serving the interests of the American expansionism in order to escalate the enmity among our peoples in order for Ukraine to fight Russia "till the last Ukrainian person". The danger of Fascism in the Ukrainian society is real. However, there is a counter-potential, and it is not limited just to South-Eastern regions.
World Politics, 2015-1
Ivanov S.M. - Events in Ukraine and in Syria: a vivid example of double standards policy of the USA. pp. 153-158

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2015.1.12673

Abstract: The Ukrainian crisis once again has vividly shown the double standards policy of the Western world. The hitmen of the "Right Sector" and pro-Fascist Bandera organizations took over and ruined government buildings, burnt people alive, fired shots at mlitia officials and common people from ambushes, but they are regarded as "fighters for freedom and democracy" in support of the new regime by the West.  The events in Ukraine and in Syria pose a vivid example of "double standards" policy of the USA. The methodological basis for the studies is formed with the systemic, structural-functional and comparative legal approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation, modeling and forecasting.  At the same time the people of the South-Eastern regions of Ukraine, who have expressed their will to live and work independently without Kyiv via the regional referenda were regarded by the new Government and the West to be separatists and terrorists. Under a guile of anti-terrorist operation there was a large-scale punitive expedition against them with the use of military aviation, armoured vehicles and artillery.
International relations, 2015-1
Bairektarevich A. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.1.12744

Abstract:
International relations, 2015-1
Karyakin V.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.1.12745

Abstract:
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-1
Khizrieva S.S. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.1.13079

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2015-1
Dolgova N.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2015.1.13476

Abstract:
International relations, 2015-1
Saushkin A. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.1.13506

Abstract:
International relations, 2015-1
Lasariya A.O. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.1.13507

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2015-1
Brovko V.Y. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2015.1.13509

Abstract:
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-1
Bajrektarevic A. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.1.13572

Abstract:
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-1
Kalachev D.N. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.1.13710

Abstract:
International relations, 2015-1
Kalachev D.N. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2015.1.13711

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2015-1
Kalachev D.N. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2015.1.13712

Abstract:
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-1
Khabenskaya E.O. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.1.13713

Abstract:
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-1
Bocharnikov I.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.1.14063

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2015-1
Bocharnikov I.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2015.1.14064

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2015-1
Kalachev D.N. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2015.1.14065

Abstract:
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-1
Karyakin V.V. - Civil War in the South-East of Ukraina The exherience scenario analysis and forecasting for regional military-political situation -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.1.14127

Abstract: This article is devoted to the acute problem that arises in Ukraine and around it, which creates new challenge and direct threats to national interests and security of RF. Scenery analysis of regional military-political environment on the basis of evolutionary simulation of international systems shows that it is a result of intentional western politics directed to transformation of Ukraine in its strategic springboard for pressing of Russia for the purpose transformation of Russia to the leading world power. At the same time on the world chessboard Ukraine remains small change in the hands of world actors in its struggle with Russia for global leadership. In case of Moscow victory in this conflict Russia will take a firm place on the world arena and add new geopolitical dimension to future multipolar world.
Trends and management, 2015-1
Raikhlin E.I. - Whither China: an attempt to look into the future

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2015.1.14204

Abstract: This question has already been asked indirectly, in an article titled "The attempt to understand the nature of the development of China", published (in three parts) in the Journal of International Relations, 11, 18 and 23 February 2013. In this article we will try to take another look at the facts available to us and we will try to find out how justified are both positive and negative feelings about the observers originating in China tremendous changes. To such an attempt not to become a mere speculation, we will use comparative political analysis, and as a country for comparison with China and the dynamics of its motion take the USSR and the dynamics of its movement.The methodological basis of the study constitute a systemic, structural-functional, comparative-historical, comparative political, geopolitical, cultural and civilizational approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, modeling, observation. Major changes in national economic planning PRC occurred in the preparation of the 10th Five-Year Plan (2000-2005). In terms of accession of China to the WTO, speed up restructuring of the world economy, the development of information and new and high technology, computerization of society and the development of scientific and technical progress, a significant increase in the number of transnational corporations (TNCs) and scale up their activities. As a result, in China there have been significant changes in the economy, which largely contributed to changes in the system of drawing up economic plans. Major changes in the planning system associated with the transition from directive to indicative planning began in the preparation of the 10th Five-Year Plan (2001-2005.), Which marked the transition from the full establishment of quantitative to qualitative
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-1
Zanitti F.B. - FUTURE OF DAVOS IN KYRGYZSTAN

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.1.14205

Abstract: Is the new Russian approach towards China and India, vector for a multipolar world order? Will the new Davos – gathering between vanity fair and summit of the mightiest – in future take place in Kyrgyzstan – Central Asian country surrounded by the most prosperous and promising powers? The last months of 2014 were marked by a series of significant bilateral agreements and summits involving Russia, India and China. According to many international analysts, the research of better relations with the two Asian giants by Moscow represents another further step towards global transformation from an unipolar order ruled by United States to a multipolar one. A key point in order to analyze the fundamental reasons of Moscow’s approach towards China and India is connected to difficulties emerged in the last year with European Union and United States. Complications in Russia-West relations are clearly exemplified by the Ukrainian imbroglio.However, it’s also necessary to dwell on long-term strategic interests of the countries involved. Despite the current shaky situation of Eastern Europe and Middle East, generally speaking Beijing and New Delhi look at Russia as a reliable partner with whom it’s fundamental continue to dialogue, cooperate and trade. China-Russia dialogue is growing from mid-nineties, while Indian strategic relationship with Moscow is heir of the one established during Cold War with Soviet Union. Moreover, it should not to be underestimate the fact that Russia, India and China are already actively cooperating in other multilateral organizations, such as BRICS forum (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa), and have the opportunity to develop new platforms for political, economic and military cooperation, for example within the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). The strategic triangle Russia-India-China (RIC), taken into account difficulties of relations especially considering Indo-Chinese bond characterized at the same time by cooperation and competition, could therefore be an interesting model of dialogue in the new multipolar world order.
Conflict Studies / nota bene, 2015-1
Manoilo A.V. - Separatism: World Experience and Russian Realities

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0617.2015.1.14206

Abstract: The concept of “separatism” is widely interpreted in modern political and legal practice. This concept implies: raising claims of self-determination of the parts of state territories and their subsequent separation and independence (secessionism); the use of illegal (power) control methods for expansion of autonomous, federal, confederal rights. In some cases, the separatist movement(s) may operate in neighboring countries, speaking for the union with a neighboring country or a part of it (irredentism). Separatist movements create political parties, usually of nationalistic or military (terrorist) formation and, if possible, a kind of “government in exile.”Separatist movements today are gaining momentum around the world. Currently, they are a global ethno-political problem. Separatism has the separation of a certain area of the multi-national state and the creation of its independent nation-state formation as its main task.In the modern world the destructive effect of separatism applies to virtually all states. It performs in several guises: as a phenomenon inherent to multinational and multi-religious states, and as a way to translate the geopolitical interests of the leading world powers into reality. In the latter case, the goal is the structural transformation of the existing world order.
Law and Politics, 2014-8
Rep'eva A.M. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2014.8.12476

Abstract:
Law and Politics, 2014-5
Manoilo A.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2014.5.11816

Abstract:
National Security, 2014-5
Chzhun Z. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0668.2014.5.13039

Abstract:
World Politics, 2014-4
Dneprov A. - Lessons of the Ukrainian Euromaidan pp. 33-44

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.4.11518

Abstract: What are the lessons to learn for Russia and other CIS states from the sad experience of the Ukrainian crisis. In order to respond to this question, there is need to analyze the factors, guaranteeing stability of the political system within any state.  Any political regime holds on "three whales". One of them is existing moral and psychological legitimacy of the government, internal support by the population, guaranteeing its consent for the existence of this government and rule of these political elites.  The second "whale" is the foreign political support provided by the global influence centers (in Ukrainian case it was the West, as represented by the Western Europe and the USA, or the East, as represented by Russia). The third "whale" is the political will, deciseveness and competence of the leaders of the state and representatives of ruling elites, which is express by keeping power and exercising control over the political situation. The fourth "whale" may be added. It is  economic and military power of the state, making the surrounding global influence center take the will of the government into consideration.  Let us see what was the situation with the main supporting points of political power in Ukraine...
World Politics, 2014-4
Spiridonov V.V. - Economic causes for the political conflict in Ukraine. pp. 45-78

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.4.11528

Abstract: At the verge of 2013-2014 there was a wave of protests in Ukraine, which was caused by contradictions in the views of political forces on the vector of foreign political development of the Ukrainian state. One side was in favor of complete integration with the European Union, while another was in favor of the closer relations with Russia. Several days before the date when Ukraine was supposed to sign documents with the European Union, the Ukrainian Government has suspended the preparations for conclusion of this treaty.  It caused dissatisfaction among the forces, who were in favor of Eurointegration, the acute protest actions followed, and they were mostly aimed against the ruling elite. The result of the opposition in Ukraine was the downfall of the government.  This article contains overview and analysis of the factors of domestic and external economic development of Ukraine, including analysis of real and financial economy sectors. Analysis of economic parameter, such as the budget structure, trade balance, financial situation from the standpoint of business structure, correlation of foreign and domestic assets, vectors of capital movement in Ukraine allowed to uncover the connection between their dynamics and potential threat to the stability of the state.
World Politics, 2014-4
Manoilo A.V. - President Obama and his Continental Blockade of Russia. pp. 1-6

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.4.11563

Abstract: This article is devoted to the comparative historical analysis of the blockade policy of the current President of the USA Barack Hussein Obama II and the Continental Blockade policy of the Emperor Napoleon Bonapart, who was attempting to undermine military, political, trade and economic power of its main opponent - England.  As a result of the comparative analysis method, the author comes to a conclusion that the Russian policy of President Obama, which is aimed at introduction and further strictening of legal and economic sanctions towards the Russian state and its people due to the reunification of Crimea and Russia, is copying the policy of Napoleon towards England, which ended in total failure and destruction of the French Empire. There is an impression that President Obama did not learn the history of foreign states, or failed to comprehend historical lessons.   Otherwise, he would have used the method of historical analogy, and it would show that any attempts of blockade of Russia are meaningless by their nature, and they are also harmful for the European allies of the USA.
World Politics, 2014-4
Gusher A.I. - Crisis in Ukraine: geopolitical and geostrategical aspects. pp. 79-89

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.4.11605

Abstract: It has been a long time since such an acute military and political situation with long-standing consequences as the current situation in Ukraine and around it took place in the world.  Yet another political crisis in Ukraine which took place in November 2013 continued as three months of tough opposition between the government and its opponents, and it was finished on February 22, 2014, with an armed insurrection was implemented and the government was taken over by the group of Yatsenyuk-Klichko-Tyagniboka representing the interests of the pro-Western Ukrainian nationalists and the fascist and extremist Banderovite groups. It took place the next day after President Yanukovych and the above-mentioned leaders of the opposing parties "Batkivschina", "Udar" and "Soboda" in the presence of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Germany, Poland, France and representative of Russia has signed the treaty on the conditions and procedure of crisis regulation. All of the Ukrainian government system fell under the pressure of opposition, Banderovite groups and the crowds of people intoxicated by the anti-Russian propaganda. President  Yanukovych, who did not show either the government power or the personal bravery secretly left the country just before these events and he hid in the territory of the Russian Federation.  Maybe for all of the people caring for the destiny of the Ukrainian people it was the moment of truth, and it showed the rotten and ugly situation in the Ukrainian politics and the lack of perspective in the efforts of Russia on honest and businesslike interactions and cooperation with the current Ukrainian political elite.
World Politics, 2014-4
Bocharnikov I.V. - Ukrainian crisis as an element of the strategic encircling belt for Russia. pp. 7-32

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.4.11617

Abstract: The Ukrainian crisis, which does not seem to come to its end yet, has became a culmination of the contradictions between Russia and the Western states.  The policy of constraining, encircling and weakening of Russia has been known for many centuries, and it came to its high point in the early XXI century. The Maidan events in Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine played a role of a bifurcation point defining the open confrontational character of the Russian-American relations, and considering the de-facto protectorate of the USA over the EU, the Russian - European relations as well.  It is quite obvious that the USA, the NATO and especially the EU do not need the Ukraine as such with its polarized 40 000 000 of population, stagnation economy and extremely high level of corruption beyond any indexes.  They are also not interested in advancement of any democratic values and guarantees of human rights in Ukraine.
Politics and Society, 2014-4
Manoilo A.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0684.2014.4.11910

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-4
Spiridonov V.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.4.11924

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-4
Ivanov S.M. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.4.12187

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-4
Bogatyreva S.N. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.4.12212

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-4
Bocharnikov I.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.4.12537

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-4
Karyakin V.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.4.12710

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-4
Yastremskii A.M. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.4.12799

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-4
Tripol'skaya I.Yu. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.4.12851

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-4
Raikhlin E.I. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.4.12955

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-4
Dashichev V.I. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.4.13010

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-4
Borodin E.A. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.4.13040

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-4
Sizonenko A.I. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.4.13123

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-4
Vinogradova E.A. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.4.13080

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-4
Michael N. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.4.13113

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-4
Sizonenko A.I. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.4.13122

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-4
Movsesyan M. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.4.13179

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-4
Kowalska-Stus Н. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.4.13183

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-4
Brovko V.Y. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.4.13230

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-4
Brovko V.Y. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.4.13231

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-4
Kalachev D.N. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.4.13232

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-4
Kalachev D.N. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.4.13243

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-4
Petrushikhina E.B. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.4.13244

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-3
Fel'dman P.Ya. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.3.10562

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-3
., . -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.3.10649

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-3
Bairektarevich A. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.3.10747

Abstract:
World Politics, 2014-3
Manoilo A.V. - Armed rebellion in Ukraine pp. 1-14

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.3.11356

Abstract: Today the attention of the world is focused on the events in Ukraine. Cruelty and uncompromising in struggle having overgrown in a time so short from separate clashes of hooligans and police in organized armed rebellion can not be ignored - street fighting in the capital of the neighboring state, where representatives of the Slavic people inextricably linked historically with the Russian people take their part, can not but disturb the public, government and the leadership of the Russian Federation. Ukrainian nationalists balancing on the edge of ramming attack put on the acting government call the events "revolution", though in fact it can be considered only as a coup, armed rebellion to seize power, well known in the present-day world under the common title "a color revolution". And it’s not just a random conclusion: in the Ukraine events we can discern signs all of us had met with in color revolutions in the CIS, Georgia, Central Asia, in the orange madness that spread over the Ukraine at the beginning of the two thousands, as well as during the recent revolutions of the Arab Spring.
International relations, 2014-3
Karyakin V.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.3.11422

Abstract:
World Politics, 2014-3
Manoilo A.V. - The armed riot in Ukraine: the wave of colored revolutions is moving towards Russia. pp. 27-35

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.3.11498

Abstract: Currently attention of all of the world is drawn to the events in Ukraine. The Color Revolution 2.0 in  Kyiv put Ukraine at the verge of the civil war and break-up of the state based on geo-political tension lines, which shall not be peaceful or painless. In case of a break-up Ukraine shall follow the Yugoslavian scenario - war of everyone against everyone, genocide, terror, foreign intervention, and the number of victims shall be thousands.  Aggressive nationalism of the Westerners, who took over the government in Kyiv and who are openly calling upon the NATO intervention in the conflict against Russia, gives one the basis for such a forecast.  All of the above shall cause much damage to the security of the neighboring states, which shall may be lit on fire by the color revolutions. The consequences of such as scenario for Russia are horrible even to think of. The Arab Spring revolutions rolling over the CIS territory and hitting Russia may start the "Christian winter". The entire post-Soviet territory may be overrun by the "controlled chaos", the favorite invention of the Washington politicians, which is used for destabilizations of the opposition regimes.
World Politics, 2014-3
Borodinov E.N. - Causes and effects of the insurrection in Ukraine. pp. 36-59

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.3.11501

Abstract: Attention of the global community is drawn to the Ukraine and all the Russian people may not be indifferent to the events there, since Ukraine and Russia are connected by historical and cultural unity and relations.  The mayhem, which takes place in Ukraine is outside the scope of understanding of a normal adequate person, such are the derogations and persecutions towards the militia officers and their families, and the bloody provocations of the fighters of the "Right Sector" in the South-East of Ukraine. All of the above causes gravest concern among the population and the leaders of Russia. The concern is also caused by the insurrection in a fraternal country, which was actively supported by the so-called "democratic" states, the EU and the USA.  The statement of the USA that the pro-Fascist organizations played a "constructive role" in this bloody Bacchanalia makes one think about the organizers and sponsors of these special operations.  Due to the above, the analysis of the specific features of armed riots, as well as the factors serving as prerequisites for the armed takeover in a state, and the forecasts for the future developments in the situation in Ukraine become especially topical.
World Politics, 2014-3
Gusher A.I. - Political crisis in Ukraine pp. 15-26

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.3.11502

Abstract: This article is devoted to the analysis of the political crisis in Ukraine in 2013-2014. Currently attention of all of the world is drawn to Ukraine. Ukraine and its problems are rather far from the top priorities and strategic goals of the USA, the EU and the NATO, while they are trying to convince themselves and the whole world that there is nothing more precious to them than protection of Ukrainian independence, democracy and well-being. In reality, their number one priority and main target is Russia. Ukraine is just a foothold for them. That is why they are so anxious to threaten Russia with various sanctions for being so persistent in the protection of its compatriots in Crimea and in the Southern and South-Eastern parts of Ukraine.  The military and political crisis in Ukraine put everything in its right places, and made the strategically situation in the world clear, giving us a good view on the true value of Russia and its democratic "friends and partners", as they are diplomatically referred to by the President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin. The true value of their friendship is shown in the events regarding the Crimea and its inalienable right to self-determination and choice of their destiny.
International relations, 2014-3
Bocharnikov I.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.3.11520

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-3
Borodinov E.N. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.3.11693

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-3
Spiridonov V.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.3.11740

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-3
Rybalova A.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.3.11785

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-3
Gusher A.I. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.3.11815

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-3
Kurilkin A.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.3.11855

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-3
Dneprov A. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.3.11913

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-3
Arlyapova E.S. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.3.12040

Abstract:
National Security, 2014-3
Manoilo A.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0668.2014.3.12058

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-3
Manoilo A.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.3.12060

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-3
Zemskov V.N. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.3.12107

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-3
Ivanov S.M. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.3.12169

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-3
Borodin E.A. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.3.12177

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-3
Veprintsev V.B. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.3.12620

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-3
Lobanova T.N. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.3.12759

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-3
Vinogradova E.A. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.3.12722

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-3
Khizrieva S.S. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.3.12723

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-3
Gulieva E.F. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.3.12724

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-3
Filatova A.A. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.3.12725

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-3
Bezrukova M. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.3.12726

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-3
Karyakin V.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.3.12743

Abstract:
SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2014-3
Karyakin V.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/1339-3057.2014.3.12746

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-3
Kurilkin A.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.3.12748

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-3
Shitova E.N. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.3.12752

Abstract:
World Politics, 2014-2
Raikhlin E.I. - Abraham Lincoln and the second American revolution. pp. 62-85

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.2.9464

Abstract: The article is divided into three parts: social and political situation, which caused the Civil War; personality and biography of Abraham Lincoln, and, finally, evaluation of the role of Lincoln in the second American revolution.  The end of the war for the independence did not introduce changes into the development of either the North or the South, each of the parts of the new state continued its development according to the path, which was predefined by its geographical, climatic, demographic, and cultural situation.  The goal of the article was to find out how viable was the statement, that Abraham Lincoln played a prominent role in the development of the USA. There are usually two arguments in favor of this statement. According to the first one, role of Lincoln was purely positive. That is, if not for Lincoln and his participation in the Civil War,  the state would be split in two, slavery would remain in the South, and the USA would have never become what it is now. According to the second position, Lincoln played a purely negative role in the US history, since the Civil War was forced upon Lincoln by the South, and the war with all of its personal, material and financial losses was not necessary, the institution of slavery was dying out in the Southern states, which bordered the North, and the industrial revolution in the South made slavery outdates and non-economical anyway, so these processes would naturally preserve the Union and a united democratic nation.
Politics and Society, 2014-2
Budaev A.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0684.2014.2.10164

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-2
Demidov A.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.2.10355

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-2
Raikhlin E.I. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.2.10563

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-2
Zemskov V.N. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.2.10749

Abstract:
World Politics, 2014-2
Trunov I.L. - Unified judicial power in Russia. pp. 182-190

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.2.10765

Abstract: On October 7, 2013 the President of the Russian Federation has introduced a draft of the law of the Russian Federation on the amendments into the Constitution of the Russian Federation - "On the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and the Prosecution of the Russian Federation". It is proposed to amend Art. 71, 83, 102, 104, 125, 126 and 128 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, and to exclude Art. 127.  In addition to amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, it shall be necessary to amend 28 Federal Constitutional Laws and Federal Laws, which shall form the second stage of hte legislative work on uniting the supreme courts. In order to achieve the results and to unite the courts of different jurisdictions, there shall be a transitional period of six months.  In order to form the united court the special qualification board for the choice of candidates for the positions of judges of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation shall be formed, and it shall include 27 members. The new united Supreme Court of the Russian Federation shall be comprised of 170 judges.
World Politics, 2014-2
Lado A.V. - The Ukrainian events: the look from inside. pp. 1-23

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.2.10952

Abstract: The Euromaidan in Kyiv is an event of great political resonance, attracting attention of observers from Russia, the CIS and all of the world. This article provides the view at the Euromaidan events from the inside, with the eyes of the  Kyiv resident, social psychologist and analyst and scientific journalist.  The article includes an attempt of analysis of a number of economic, political, social and psychological events and phenomena, characterizing the latest turbulent events in Kyiv. The author discusses geo-political and economic position of the Ukraine, predefining its status as a borderline between the East and the West. Ukraine has a unique standing among the global political powers, its weight may tip the balance of scales in the geopolitical opposition between Russia and the West.  The author notes the need for the novel approaches towards achieving mutual understanding between Russia and Ukraine, pointing out social and psychological miscalculations of the Russian politics towards Ukraine, and offering some recommendations on optimization of cultural, social and economic cooperation between the two states, as well as on strengthening the pro-Russian vector in the Ukrainian politics.
International relations, 2014-2
Lado A.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.2.11024

Abstract:
World Politics, 2014-2
Manoilo A.V. - Armed riot in Ukraine may become a last alarm bell for Russia. pp. 24-37

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.2.11137

Abstract: Today attention of the entire world is drawn to the events in Ukraine. The cruelty and unwillingness to compromise in a fight which in a matter of several days went all the way from separate clashes between the hooligans and the police to an organized armed riot, and it shall not pass unnoticed. Street fights in the capital of the neighboring state, and the fighters are Slavic people, belonging to the nation with inseparable cultural and historical ties with the Russian people. It worries Russian public, government and leaders of the Russian Federation. The Ukrainian nationalists serving as a point of the battering ram in a blow at the incumbent government call these events a "revolution", while it may only be regarded as an insurrection, an armed riot aimed at capturing the power, well-known globally under the name of "colored revolution". This conclusion is not accidental, since the Ukrainian events have the familiar elements, which are well-known by their presence in the colored revolution in the CIS territory, in Georgia, Central Asia, in the orange madness in Ukraine in early 2000s, and the recent Arabian Spring revolutions.
International relations, 2014-2
Manoilo A.V., . -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.2.11169

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-2
Anisimov L.N. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.2.11296

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-2
Bairektarevich A. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.2.11313

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-2
Bocharnikov I.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.2.11366

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-2
Fel'dman P.Ya. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.2.11365

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-2
Borodinov E.N. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.2.11476

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-2
Rakityanskii N.M. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.2.11478

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-2
Gusher A.I. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.2.11496

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-2
Karyakin V.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.2.11519

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-2
Spiridonov V.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.2.11527

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-2
Sizonenko A.I. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.2.11538

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-2
Manoilo A.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.2.11564

Abstract:
International relations, 2014-2
Filippov V.R. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0641.2014.2.11643

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-2
Budaev A.V. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.2.11784

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-2
Zholobova O.A. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.2.12405

Abstract:
Trends and management, 2014-2
Khizrieva S.S. -

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0730.2014.2.12406

Abstract:
Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website