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Arctic and Antarctica
Reference:

Geosystems of gas-saturated permafrost

Khimenkov Aleksandr Nikolaevich

PhD in Geology and Mineralogy

Leading Scientific Associate, the Institute of Geoecology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

101000, Russia, Moskva oblast', g. Moscow, ul. Ulanskii Proezd, 13, stroenie 2

a_khimenkov@mail.ru
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Koshurnikov Andrei Viktorovich

PhD in Geology and Mineralogy

Leading Scientific Associate, faculty of Geology, the department of Geocryology, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University

119991,, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1

msu-geophysics@mail.ru
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Stanilovskaya Yuliya Viktorovna

Frozen Rocks Specialist, Total SA

101000, Russia, Moscow, Ulanskii Pereulok Street 13

e-mailyulia.stanilovskaya@total.com
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DOI:

10.7256/2453-8922.2020.2.32698

Review date:

22-04-2020


Publish date:

01-06-2020


Abstract.

The object of this study is the geosystems of gas-saturated permafrost. Currently, the theoretical basis for examination of gas component in permafrost is practically not developed. At the same time, the theoretical and practical significance of this problem has rapidly increased in recent years. This is due to gas emissions during drilling of wells in frozen rocks, the identification of significant greenhouse gas emissions in the Arctic, the detection of previously unknown processes in the permafrost zone – the formation of craters due to gas emissions.The main method applied in the article is the analysis of research materials. The synthesis of the results was carried out on the basis of the geosystem approach. The authors are first to demonstrate that gas-saturated zones in seasonally and permafrost rocks have all the attributes of geosystems: localization in space, boundaries, morphology, individual structure and properties, development history, life cycle, hierarchy. Five types of geosystem were determined: active layer; genetic type; confined to geological structures; secondary, associated with the decomposition of gas hydrates in vivo; technogenic (due to thermal or mechanical effects on hydrated and gas saturated frozen rocks). The artcile describes promising directions in studying gas-saturated geosystems of permafrost zone, as well as  the advanced research methods.

Keywords: frozen rocks, breaking strain, plastic deformation, gas channels, gas filtration, fluids, geosystem of gas-saturated rocks, dissociation of gas hydrates, pressure filtration of gas, stage of development
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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