Engineering and geological features of the soil section of the main water pipeline route in Central Yakutia
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Engineering and geological features of the soil section of the main water pipeline route in Central Yakutia
Sal'va Andrei Mikhailovich

PhD in Geology and Mineralogy

Docent, the department of Land Management and Landscape Architecture, Yakut State Agricultural Academy

677007, Russia, respublika Respublika Sakha (yakutiya), g. Yakutsk, ul. Shosse Sergelyakhskoe 3, 3, kab. 1.416

salvaam@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2453-8922.2020.1.32055

Review date:

25-02-2020


Publish date:

23-03-2020


Abstract.

The object of this study is the permafrost soils of the section of the route of the main water pipeline «Tabaga-Byuteidyakh» in rural areas of Central Yakutia, spanning approximately 28 kilometers. Permafrost soils are widely developed in the Southeastern part of Central Yakutia, and are located on the Leno-Amginsky interfluve. They lie in the upper part of the geological section and are underlying on the lane of the main water pipeline route, as well as fall into the foundations of engineering structures of industrial facilities and hydraulic engineering construction. The study is based on a complex of field engineering and geological surveys, as well as laboratory studies of the physical and mechanical properties of rocks. The article discusses the features of the composition, structure and properties of rocks in this area. It is noted that among the considered soils, there is a variety of granulometric types, cryogenic texture from massive to layered, with clay soils usually of higher ice content than sandy ones. Technogenic loads are also mentioned in the form of objects of the main water supply system, consisting of pumping stations, pipelines, reservoirs and channels, which lead to significant changes in the geocryological environment and surrounding landscapes.

Keywords: ground ice, polygonal microrelief, thermokarst, cryogenic texture, ice content, physical and mechanical properties, permafrost soils, frost cracking, pingo, main water main
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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