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Arctic and Antarctica
Reference:

On the filtration of gases in permafrost formations in light of the problem of degassing lithosphere of the Earth and formation of natural explosive processes in the cryolithozone
Khimenkov Aleksandr Nikolaevich

PhD in Geology and Mineralogy

Leading Scientific Associate, the Institute of Geoecology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

101000, Russia, Moskva oblast', g. Moscow, ul. Ulanskii Proezd, 13, stroenie 2

a_khimenkov@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Koshurnikov Andrei Viktorovich

PhD in Geology and Mineralogy

Leading Scientific Associate, faculty of Geology, the department of Geocryology, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University

119991,, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1

msu-geophysics@mail.ru
Karpenko Fedor Sergeevich

PhD in Geology and Mineralogy

Leading Scientific Associate, Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience of the Russian Academy of Sciences

101000, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Ulanskii Pereulok, d. 13. str.2

kafs08@bk.ru
Kutergin Valerii Nikolaevich

PhD in Geology and Mineralogy

Head of Laboratory of Studying the Composition and Properties of Soils, Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience of the Russian Academy of Sciences

101000, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Ulanskii Pereulok, d. 13. str.2

vank@bk.ru
Gagarin Vladimir Evgen'evich

PhD in Geology and Mineralogy

Senior Scientific Associate, faculty of Geology, the department of Geocryology, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University

119991, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1

msu-geophysics@mail.ru
Sobolev Petr Aleksandrovich

Engineer, MSU LLC – GEOPHYSICS

119991, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory,, 1

msu-geophysics@mail.ru

Abstract.

The object of this research is the problem of gas filtration in permafrost formations. Currently, geocryology identifies the movement capability of gas fluids is only within the thawed formations. The subject of this study is the processes substantiating and accompanying redistribution of gas in the gas emission craters, as well as in the samples of artificial ice exposed to gas pressure. The authors examine the summarized data on the structure of craters and conditions for their emergence such as: the zones of accumulation of subterranean gas with abnormally high pressure in the permafrost strata; filtration of gas into high-temperature frozen rocks and subsurface ice; formation of gas-saturated ice soil rods and their explosive destruction. Particular attention is turned to the laboratory examination of gas filtration in frozen rocks and ice. The main research method became the comparative data analysis on the changes of properties of the frozen soils and ice as they war up within negative temperatures. Exploring the samples of ice exposed to gas pressure, the authors apply the methods of textural and structural studies in the passing, reflected and polarize light. It is established that the frozen rocks and subsurface ice allow gas filtration in the conditions of forming the corresponding ratio of characteristics of the rocks (strength, deformative, structural) that depend on their temperature and pressure of the underlying soil gas. It is revealed that the aforementioned ratio is determined by the geological, landscape and climatic conditions. With the help of structural studies, the authors are first to describe the processes accompanying gas filtration within ice in the laboratory conditions.

Keywords: gas hydrates, cryogenic fluid dynamic systems, fluid geodynamics,, fluids, gas filtration, ice flow, injection ice, plastic deformations, permafrost, gas emission crater

DOI:

10.7256/2453-8922.2019.3.29627

Article was received:

30-05-2019


Review date:

31-05-2019


Publish date:

03-10-2019


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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