по
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > Requirements for publication > Review procedure > Article retraction > Ethics > Legal information > Concept of the journal > Editorial Board > Council of Editors
Journals in science databases
About the Journal
Публикация за 72 часа - теперь это реальность!
При необходимости издательство предоставляет авторам услугу сверхсрочной полноценной публикации. Уже через 72 часа статья появляется в числе опубликованных на сайте издательства с DOI и номерами страниц.
По первому требованию предоставляем все подтверждающие публикацию документы!
MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
The problems of Pleistocene fauna: thermokarst as a factor of mammoths’ extinction
Tregubov Oleg Dmitrievich

PhD in Geology and Mineralogy

Leading Scientific Associate, N. A. Shilo North-East Interdisciplinary Scientific Research Institute, Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

689000, Russia, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Anadyr, Energetikov Street 5, unit #23

tregubov2@yandex.ru
Abstract. This article examines the argumentation of the main hypothesis of disappearance of the large Pleistocene fauna. The four components of the problem are being determined and discussed – chronological, landscape-climatic, anthropogenic, and evolutionary. The author analyses the possible effect of the dating method upon the perceptions regarding the chronology of rise and fall of the populations of mammoth fauna, as well as different landscape factors of the destruction and disposal of the fossil fauna, temporal connection of the mass destruction of animals with the eras of climatic cooling and warming. The role of anthropogenic factor of mammoths’ extinction is being evaluated. Special attention is given to the loesses as a factor that forms the habitat of Pleistocene fauna. The article suggest several original hypothesis of mammoths’ extinction that are based on the principles of biospheric evolution and catastrophism. Degradation of mammoth fauna at the turn of Pleistocene and Holocene was significantly affected by the following: rapid increase of zonality of the natural environment with reduction in the area of intrazonal landscapes; disruption of the patterns of seasonal and long-term migration of Pleistocene animals, primarily most vulnerable to changes in ration of the large mammals; amalgamation of the resource-viable zoocenosis that led to degradation of grazing lands and disruption of trophic chain. The key role in disruption of the migration patterns and pasture exhausting is assigned to the thermokarst catastrophe.
Keywords: paleogeography, thermokarst, ground ice, loess, extinction mammoths, glacial cycle, paleozoology, Pleistocene faune, tundra-steppe, yedoma
DOI: 10.7256/2453-8922.2017.4.24561
Article was received: 28-10-2017

Review date: 04-11-2017

Publish date: 10-01-2018

This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here.

References
1.
Vereshchagin N.K. Pochemu vymerli mamonty. – L.: Nauka, 1979. 195 s.
2.
Vasil'chuk Yu.K., Vasil'chuk A.K., Long O. i dr. Novye dannye o populyatsii mamontov v pozdnepleistotsenovoi kriolitozone Evrazii // Doklady akademii nauk, tom 360, № 6, 2000. S. 815-816
3.
Tikhonov A.N. Mamont. (Seriya «Raznoobrazie zhivotnykh» Vyp. 3). Moskva – S.-Peterburg: T-vo nauchnykh izdanii KMK. 2005. 90 s.
4.
Nikonov A. «Rossiya – Rodina slonov»? Net mamontov // ZNANIE-SILA, № 11, 2002. S. 60-67.
5.
Donner J., Jungner H., Kurten B. // Bull/Geol. Soc. Finland. V. 5. N 1/2, 1979. P. 45-54
6.
Kotov A.N. Pleistotsenovye oledeneniya yuzhnoi chasti Nizhneanadyrskoi vpadiny i severa Koryakskogo nagor'ya // Chetvertichnaya paleogeografiya Beringii. Magadan: MPO SVNTs DVO RAN, 2002. S.67-75.
7.
Anikovich M.V. Paleoliticheskaya Mekka // ZNANIE-SILA, № 1, 1996. s. 60-70
8.
Anikovich M.V. Povsednevnaya zhizn' okhotnika na mamontov. – M.: «Molodaya gvardiya». 2004, 314 s.
9.
Shumilov Yu. Staroe i novoe v mamontovoi sud'be // Nauka i Zhizn', № 7, 2004.
10.
Shilo N.A. Chetyre kosmoplanetarnykh problemy: ot Solnechnoi sistemy do Kaspiya. – M.: Fond «Novoe tysyacheletie», 1997. 136 s.
11.
Rusanov B.S. Vnimanie: mamonty! – Magadanskoe knizhnoe izdatel'stvo, 1976. 192 s.
12.
Mashchenko E.N. Poslednie mamonty Russkoi ravniny // Khimiya i Zhizn'. № 8, 2000. S. 32-37.
13.
Tregubov O.D. Ob ustoichivosti tundr k tekhnogennomu vozdeistviyu i global'nym izme-neniyam sredy // Vestnik DVO RAN. № 4, 2010. S. 79-89
14.
Ukraintseva V.V. Rastitel'nost' i klimat Sibiri epokhi mamonta. – Krasnoyarsk: Vostoch-no-Sibirskii filial Mezhdunarodnogo instituta lesa. 2002. 192 s.
15.
Sher A.V. Prirodnaya perestroika v Vosochno-Sibirskoi Arktike na rubezhe pleistotsena i golotsena i ee rol' v vymiranii mlekopitayushchikh i stanovlenii sovremennykh ekosistem (soobshchenie 1) // Kriosfera Zemli, t. 1, № 1. 1997. S.21-30
16.
Tomirdiaro S.V. Vechnaya merzlota i osvoenie gornykh stran i nizmennostei. Magadan-skoe knizhnoe izdatel'stvo, 1972. 174 s.
17.
Vasil'chuk Yu. K., Vasil'chuk A.K. Povtorno-zhil'nye l'dy doliny reki Main i rekonstruktsiya zimnikh paleotemperatur vozdukha yuzhnoi Chukotki 38-12 tysyach let nazad // Kriosfera Zemli, t. XXI, № 5. 2017. S. 27-41.
18.
Silkin B. Pol-Azii pod Vodoi // ZNANIE-SILA, № 9, 2003. 66 s.
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.

Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website