Architecture and design - rubric Restoration of architectural heritage
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Architecture and design" > Rubric "Restoration of architectural heritage"
Restoration of architectural heritage
Nikiforov D.A. - The analysis of documentation that regulates control over technical state of the objects of cultural heritage pp. 31-37


Abstract: Technical characteristics of many monuments do not meet the safety and reliability requirements of, which complicates the appropriate exploitation. The author believes that worsening of the state of the objects of cultural heritage is a result of insufficient attention of the government, including the creation and functioning of normative documentation in this field. The subject of this research is the analysis of the normative acts regulating the activity aimed at inspection of the technical state of the objects of cultural heritage. The author meticulously reviews and forms a list of documentation applied in assessment of technical state of the objects of cultural heritage, as well as focuses on the analysis of certain legislative acts. For establishing the level of documentation development regulating control over the technical state of the objects of cultural heritage, the author applies the methods of analysis, generalization, and deduction. The main conclusion lies in the fact that the normative documents regarding the protection of the objects of cultural heritage do not comply with the normative framework in the area of monitoring and technical inspection of the engineering structures of buildings and constructs. The author underlines the necessity to use the modern equipment and methods for assessing the state of the objects of cultural heritage, such as sensors, photogrammetry and ground-based laser scanning. It is required to bring these documents into compliance with the existing system in the area of monitoring, as well as modern methods of research.
Baulina E.N., Pankratova D.S. - Architectural and planning features of suburban estate development of the tambov province pp. 39-46



Abstract: The Tambov province was formed and existed from 1779 to 1928. And naturally, it was a region of high concentration of landowners' estates. The subject of the study is historical manor estates that have the status of objects of cultural heritage and are located within the borders of the Tambov province. The purpose of this study is to reveal the architectural and planning features of the formation of country estate construction in the study area. The relevance of this topic is due to the preservation of the cultural and historical heritage of the region. This study was carried out by studying literary sources, historical maps and photographs, identifying the classification of landscapes and the cartographic display method. The work identified external factors influencing the formation and development of estate construction in the territory of the Tambov province. These include: the historical settlement of the territory, natural and climatic resources, the development of transport infrastructure and the uniqueness of the landscape. When analyzing the location of manor and park complexes within the landscape areas of the Tambov province, the types of their locations were identified. The systematization of estates according to functional and spatial zoning formed the main types of planning solutions in the study area. The results of the study made it possible to better understand the features of the estate development of the Tambov province and the ways of its organization, which can be useful for the development of tourism infrastructure and the preservation of the historical and cultural heritage of the region.
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