Architecture and design - rubric Modern architecture
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Modern architecture
Kirichkov I. - Critical Review of the morphed folded structure research pp. 1-12


Abstract:   The scientific interest in the morphed folded structures has significantly increased in recent decades among architects and engineers. Becoming more philosophical, the question of the form and the content interaction remains unsolved. This article considers both, domestic and foreign experiences of the morphed folded structure research, covering about 25 years since the introduction of the fold theory in architecture. The research objective is to determine the least studied areas of the architectural theory related to morphed folded structure. The methodology applied relies on gradual consideration of the morphed folded structure phenomenon in architecture conducted by both, domestic and foreign researchers. The research period is the end of XX beginning of XXI centuries. The relevance of this research is substantiated by the lack of understanding of the aesthetic, artistic, constructive value of the folded form. Research results demonstrate that majority of researchers are limited only by the conceptual developments of the morphed folded structures. Even if a small part of the concepts sees implementation, the structural decisions using the morphed fold as the basis of an artistic image, with few exceptions, are rarely effective.  
Kirichkov I. - The prerequisites of emergence of folded morphogenesis in architecture pp. 7-18


Abstract: The prerequisites of emergence of folded morphogenesis is one of the most complicated and insufficiently studied questions in the theory and history of architecture. The folded form either spontaneously appeared, filling almost all of the architectural space – Gothic, Baroque, Modern, Modernism, or completely disappeared – the architecture of Classicism, Functionalism of the 1920’s -1930’s. It is doubtful that such drastic changes can be explained solely by the architecture's susceptibility to various tendencies and trends; most likely, the desire of architects to look beyond the subject world and saturate the language of architecture with new shapes. The goal of this research is to determine the prerequisites of emergence of folded morphogenesis, which gives a more in-depth insight of the mechanism of its development. Each section of the article contains a brief description of the era, overview of the folded architectural elements, construction materials, color solutions of the folds, list of the most notable architects that apply folded morphogenesis in their works, as well as the causes of their occurrence. The results demonstrate that the emergence of folds in architecture was affected by the ideals and views of people of each of the epochs.
Kirichkov I. - The development trends of folded morphogenesis in modern architecture pp. 7-16


Abstract: Folded morphogenesis, which with the emergence of reinforced structures in the early XX century received a strong boost to the development, is actively used in modern architecture. The object of this research contains three types of buildings: 1) with folded forms as the main composite element; 2) with concept based on Gilles Deleuze theory of folds; 3) that use thin folded reinforced concrete structures. The goal of this work is to determine the development trend of folded morphogenesis in modern architecture, as well as give a forecast to the development of folded morphogenesis. The criteria for analysis became the quantitative and qualitative indicators: duration of construction, duration of exploitation, cost of construction, capacity, total area, height, construction material, construction place, situation, aesthetic aspect, functionality, number of floors, utility, private or government capital, and the Pritzker Architecture Prize. The research results demonstrate that the development trends of folded morphogenesis are vectored from utilitarian to spectacular function, as well as excessive fascination of the architects with aesthetics of the folded forms.
Ukraintceva A.V. - Modern trends in the architecture of Orthodox churches in Irkutsk pp. 13-21


Abstract: The goal of the work is to identify the leading trends and prospects for the development of modern Orthodox temple architecture in the city of Irkutsk. The object of this study is modern projects of temples and temple complexes. The subject of the research is the specificity of the characteristics of modern religious buildings in the territory of the city of Irkutsk. The tasks facing the author of the article are to identify problems and distinctive features, as well as to highlight the main trends currently observed in the modern Orthodox religious architecture of Irkutsk. The research is based on the analysis of functional, architectural, artistic and stylistic features of a number of projects of iconic architecture executed by Irkutsk architects at the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries. The novelty of the work lies in the fact that for the first time an attempt is made to analyze and systematize the directions of the development of the architecture of the modern church in the selected geographical area. The main trends, problems and regional peculiarities of the Orthodox Church building of the newest time in the territory of the city of Irkutsk are revealed. The conclusion addresses the diversity of trends in the development of the cult architecture observed in modern Irkutsk.
Migas Y.A. - To the question of the problem of integration of modern and historical architecture pp. 16-25


Abstract: The subject of this article is examination of the question of interrelation between the objects of modern architecture and architecture of the previous eras within a uniform environment. The object of this article is the range of publications, mostly of the Russian scholars, as result of comprehension of the topic at hand. At the same time the author examines primarily the foreign practical experience. Particular attention is paid to a variety of problems pertinent to topic "old and new in the architecture of modern city", which is a focus of research of modern scholars. The problems of synthesis of the modern and historical architecture in uniform space are analyzed. The conclusion is made that modern researchers prefer to concentrate on the particular buildings or residential quarters, paying insufficient attention to the problem and methods of its solution in broader methodological perspective. The nolety consists in scientific actualization of the problem of integration of modern and historical architecture, determination of the urgent unexplored questions of integration of the “new” and “old” with regards to residential development in the historical environment or city-planning reconstruction.
Kirichkov I. - The legacy of deconstructivism pp. 20-30


Abstract: The process of architectural morphogenesis remains far from being completed. This article considers the phenomenon of deconstructivism, its evolution in Russia and worldwide, current state of the objects of deconstructivism, peculiarities of their preservation, and people's perception. It is expected that this work will allow to more precisely determine the role and importance of the objects of deconstructivism from the perspective of evolution of the world culture, as well as form a clearer position regarding their protection. Relevance of the article is substantiated primarily by the lack of accurate approaches towards solution of the problems associated with the preservation of architectural environment. The research method is  defined by the analysis of deconstructivist objects in terms of granting them a status of cultural heritage, as well as the analysis of opinions of the experts in the area of architecture. The great majority of buildings, designed in accordance with the concepts of deconstructivism, are unique in its kind, as well as contain the spatial planning, structural, and urban development solutions. The author underlines that the current condition of some of the deconstructivist objects causes a severe concern. The history of world architecture knows multiple examples of the loss of cultural objects, which were not referred to the list of the objects of cultural heritage for various reasons.
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