Architecture and design - rubric Urban development and society
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Architecture and design" > Rubric "Urban development and society"
Urban development and society
Tolochko O.R. - Creation of comfortable living environment for senior people in the context of strategic documents of the Russian Federation pp. 9-20


Abstract: The object of this research is the comfort of living environment for people of senior age. The subject of this research is the strategic, normative, and methodological documents of the Russian Federation concerning senior people. In the context of strategic documents of the Russian Federation, special attention is given to the problem of creating a comfortable living environment for senior people as a growing new group of consumers. The relevance of this research is substantiated by the worldwide tendency of population ageing alongside the growing importance of personal comfort within the system of worldview upon the formation of urban and residential environments. The scientific hypothesis is advanced that the increased comfort of the living environment for senior people promotes active longevity and improvement of the quality of life, which in turn, is the key goal of the Russian strategic government programs. The article analyzes the strategic, normative, and methodological documents of the Russian Federation on the improvement of comfort of living environment for people of senior age. The author's contribution to this research consists in identification of flaws in the mechanisms of formation of comfortable living environment for senior people in the Russian Federation, and offers solutions to this issue. Senior citizens should be recognized as a special and expanding group of consumers that opens a new niche in the market of goods and housing services in form of personal specialized housing integrated into the urban development. The author also believes that it is necessary to integrate new urban planning and organizational-administrative decisions on the basis of methodological construction documents, as well as documents on the development residential construction in the Russian Federation, into the strategic tasks on supporting senior population. In order to develop the reform mechanism for the creation of comfortable living environment, it is necessary to consolidate certain actions on the federal level.
Muftakhova A.N. - Divergence in priority tasks in providing the citizens of the Russian Federation with affordable and comfortable housing in terms of transformation of housing fund pp. 13-19


Abstract: Housing sphere is the paramount sphere of social development, which is responsible for satisfying the housing needs. The level of accommodation of such need is one of the main indicators of the development of social system, objective and subjective welfare. This is namely why the problems of development and reform of the housing sphere always remains socially important and acute. Examination of the problems of satisfaction of housing needs, housing stratification and social inequality in housing sphere alongside the contradictions in development of this sphere are essentially just beginning. The author believes that the analysis of contradictory trends in development of the housing sphere will be a substantial contribution into the research of the current Russian housing sphere, as well as formulation of practical recommendations aimed at improvement of housing policy and its implementation. The article emphasized the most significant trends in transformation of housing sphere in the Russian Federation, as well as the discrepancy in the processes of their realization. The author substantiates the need for accounting the positive experience of Western countries regarding the minimization of social inequality in housing sphere. Attention is focused on the presence of inconsistencies in the agenda of State Program “Providing the Citizens of the Russian Federation with Affordable and Comfortable Housing and Utility Services”, the result of which is the limitation of citizens’ right to satisfaction of the housing need.
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