Architecture and design - 2 2019
Architecture and design
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Architecture and design" > Contents of Issue 02/2019
Contents of Issue 02/2019
Philosophy of architecture
Viazinkin A., Dvukhzhilova I.V. - Conservative approach to the aesthetics of architecture: Roger Scruton's philosophy pp. 1-6

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2019.2.32686

Abstract: The subject of the article is the conservative approach to the aesthetics of architecture in the philosophy of the British thinker, the aesthetics and theorist of conservatism Roger Scruton. The cultural situation of post-industrial society - consumerism, commodification of culture - requires new approaches in art history, which can approve protective trends in social life. Scruton offers an alternative approach to art, representing not so much a return to traditional values as an update to the cultural situation. This situation implies the existence of art as a translator of traditional values that strengthen social ties. The methodology of the study is due to its interdisciplinary specificity and includes characteristic approaches and methods of cultural studies, art history, as well as a method of ratio of historical to logical. This article is the first in the Russian scientific literature to study the aesthetics of Scruton architecture in the context of his conservative philosophy, which both represents a novelty of scientific work, and defines new horizons of research, both in the field of aesthetics of architecture and in the field of philosophy of modern British conservatism. Researchers come to the conclusion that Scruton's appeal to the topic of aesthetic experience expands the issue from purely aesthetics - to the unity of ethics, theory of solidarity, axiology of traditional culture.
Modern architecture
Kirichkov I. - Folded Morphogenesis Development Trends in Modern Architecture pp. 7-16

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2019.2.30833

Abstract: Folded morphogenesis, received a powerful impulse to the development in the early XXth century with the advent of reinforced concrete structures, is actively used in contemporary architecture. The research object contains three types of buildings: first having as the main composite element the folded forms; second the concept of which is based on the theory of folds developed by Gilles Deleuze; third using thin folded reinforced concrete structures. The research aim is the folded morphogenesis trend development determination in modern architecture, to give a forecast of the folded morphogenesis in future. Research method is the statistical analysis based on a sample of fifty contemporary world architecture folded objects. The using of analytical platforms Deductor made calculations. The analysis criteria were both quantitative and qualitative indicators: duration of construction, duration of exploitation, cost of construction, capacity, total area, height, construction material, construction place, situation, aesthetic expressiveness, functionality, number of floors, utility, private or government capital, Pritzker prize. The research result has showed that the folded morphogenesis development trend is directed from the utilitarian to the spectacular function, excessive fascination by the folded forms aesthetics in modern architecture.
Landscape architecture and design
Bulatova E.K. - Boulevard tape in Yekaterinburg from the perspective of landscape urbanism pp. 17-22

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2019.2.32709

Abstract: The subject of the study is the analysis of the project of improvement of the territory of the city of Yekaterinburg in the quarter of Verkh - Isetsky Boulevard - ul. Repina - st. Moskovskaya - st. Popov called "Boulevard tape." The object of research is the approach of landscape urbanism, from the standpoint of which recreational territories should form a single landscape-urban planning system of the city. The main objectives of the study: the study of domestic and foreign experience in the reorganization and reconstruction of recreational territories from the perspective of landscape urbanism; assessment of the current state of development of recreational systems in Yekaterinburg; analysis of the transformation and reconstruction of the "tabloid tape". A comparative analysis of the reconstruction of recreational areas of Yekaterinburg boulevards, an analysis of the Boulevard Ribbon project from the perspective of landscape urbanism. In Yekaterinburg, desolation of boulevards that are not yet subject to reconstruction is observed in comparison with new boulevards and boulevard rings and ribbons, on which large-scale reconstruction was carried out, including using the principles of landscape urbanism. Now the popular boulevard is located in the structure of the microdistrict, is remote from road transport, designed for childrens games, for active and passive recreation. These characteristics should serve as the basis for the design of new boulevards.
Urban reconstruction
Gushchin A.N., Divakova M.N. - Recreating the identity of the Ural city as a factory city through architectural and landscape reconstruction. pp. 23-34

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2019.2.31497

Abstract: The article considers the problem of restoring the urban identity of a typical Ural city. Typicality is understood in a historical context as a community of origin. In modern conditions, the Ural cities are in urgent need of the formation of their own identity. Identity in the article is understood as a reflexive social need for belonging to a place. It is reasonable to consider that the city landscape plays an important role in the formation of identity. The article gives examples of the formation of social identity based on the cultural landscape of the city. It is concluded that the industrial heritage of the Ural city-factory is also the basis for the formation of identity. The main method of identity formation: architectural and landscape reconstruction. Proposals for the implementation of the reconstruction are given. Based research methods: retrospective analysis, conceptual analysis, context analysis, system analysis and analogy method, forecasting consequences. The main conclusion of the study is the conclusion that a typical way of forming the identity of the Ural city-factory is the architectural and landscape reconstruction of the city center. It is the architectural and landscape reconstruction of ha based on this industrial heritage that allows you to recreate urban identity.
Monograph peer reviews
Boltaevskii A.A. - You need to have the same law that would define what a city is: a review of the monograph by A.V. Belova "Reform of the city of Catherine II (based on materials from the provinces of Central Russia). M.-SPb .: Center for Humanitarian Initiatives, 2019.613 p. pp. 35-39

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2019.2.32159

Abstract: The subject of the study is a monographic study of a senior researcher at the Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences A.V. Belova, whose focus is on those large-scale changes in the urban life of the Russian Empire that were carried out during the reign of Catherine II. The author of the monograph seeks to characterize the reforms on the example of four provinces of Central Russia: Moscow, Yaroslavl, Vladimir, Kaluga. This work is distinguished by large-scale use of both published and unpublished sources, as well as a significant array of research literature.The peer-reviewed work is based on the principles of historicism, reliability, objectivity, the methodological base is a systematic approach, as well as a comparative method.The scientific novelty of the study lies in the fact that the author seeks to comprehensively characterize the preparation, implementation and consequences of the city reform carried out by Empress Catherine, using materials from four Russian indigenous provinces. Despite some doubts of both contemporaries and subsequent historians, especially the liberal school, according to the author, it was the reforms of Catherine the Great that laid the foundations for a fundamentally new type of city that met the requirements of the time.
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