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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Architecture and design" > Contents of Issue № 04/2017
Contents of Issue № 04/2017
Modern architecture
Kirichkov I. - Critical Review of the morphed folded structure research pp. 1-12

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2017.4.26959

Abstract:  The scientific interest in the morphed folded structures has significantly increased in recent decades among architects and engineers. Becoming more philosophical, the question of the form and the content interaction remains unsolved. This article considers both, domestic and foreign experiences of the morphed folded structure research, covering about 25 years since the introduction of the fold theory in architecture. The research objective is to determine the least studied areas of the architectural theory related to morphed folded structure. The methodology applied relies on gradual consideration of the morphed folded structure phenomenon in architecture conducted by both, domestic and foreign researchers. The research period is the end of XX beginning of XXI centuries. The relevance of this research is substantiated by the lack of understanding of the aesthetic, artistic, constructive value of the folded form. Research results demonstrate that majority of researchers are limited only by the conceptual developments of the morphed folded structures. Even if a small part of the concepts sees implementation, the structural decisions using the morphed fold as the basis of an artistic image, with few exceptions, are rarely effective. 
Ukraintceva A.V. - Modern trends in the architecture of Orthodox churches in Irkutsk pp. 13-21

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2017.4.27009

Abstract: The goal of the work is to identify the leading trends and prospects for the development of modern Orthodox temple architecture in the city of Irkutsk. The object of this study is modern projects of temples and temple complexes. The subject of the research is the specificity of the characteristics of modern religious buildings in the territory of the city of Irkutsk. The tasks facing the author of the article are to identify problems and distinctive features, as well as to highlight the main trends currently observed in the modern Orthodox religious architecture of Irkutsk. The research is based on the analysis of functional, architectural, artistic and stylistic features of a number of projects of iconic architecture executed by Irkutsk architects at the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries. The novelty of the work lies in the fact that for the first time an attempt is made to analyze and systematize the directions of the development of the architecture of the modern church in the selected geographical area. The main trends, problems and regional peculiarities of the Orthodox Church building of the newest time in the territory of the city of Irkutsk are revealed. The conclusion addresses the diversity of trends in the development of the cult architecture observed in modern Irkutsk.
Synthesis of arts
Tsarinnyi I.V. - Pedestal in the city monumental sculpture pp. 22-30

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2017.4.27647

Abstract: The subject of this article is a sculptural pedestal in the urban environment. The harmonious interaction of the pedestal and sculpture is an important plastic compositional task. The article gives a short excursion into the history of the topic, analyzes specific examples and gives recommendations in solving compositional problems related to the pedestal in the urban environment. The purpose of the work: a historical excursion of the origin of the pedestal, and analysis of specific existing works of sculpture. The results of the study can be applied in the practical activities of sculptors, architects and urban planners in the situation of designing a sculptural form in the urban environment. The work employs methods of comparison and analysis of historical samples for compositional construction, as well as observation and specification. It can be concluded that the pedestal is the most important compositional element that not only affects the perception of sculpture, but also is an inseparable semantic component of one whole. Monument, any plastic spatial form in the urban environment is expressed clearly and convincingly when interpreted in a clear artistic, harmonious language, when it reaches the synthesis of architecture, sculpture and pedestal.
Cultural heritage
Gorelova Y.R. - Architectural ensembles of Omsk XVIII - mid XIX centuries: cultural significance, renovation problems pp. 31-45

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2017.4.26691

Abstract: The object of this study is the architectural ensembles of Omsk formed in the XVIII - XIX centuries. The subject of this work is the study of their cultural significance, preservation, use and renovation issues. The author notes the artistic and stylistic features of the architectural objects included in the ensembles, as well as the information characterizing the conditions of their erection and existence in the architectural environment of the city. The author based on not only historical and artistic significance, but also semiotic significance for the Omsk text considers monuments of architecture and town planning. The results of the study make it possible to assess the significance of the architectural heritage of Omsk, created in the XVIII - XIX centuries, to determine its cultural significance at the present stage and to characterize the available methods of its existence and use. The author characterizes key architectural ensembles of Omsk XVIII - XIX centuries in interrelation with the historical and cultural context, emphasizing their cultural and semiotic significance for the Omsk architectural text.
Education methodology
Karpova M.V. - Educational Express design of art object made of glass with limited function pp. 46-53

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2017.4.27132

Abstract: The subject of this research is the method of teaching design of a small object made of glass for the urban environment. At the same time, a special feature is the conditions of the educational process in the Russian art university, with a target audience of foreign trainees for a limited period of time of 72 classroom hours. The work consistently sets out the essence of methodical tasks aimed at the disclosure of opportunities of students, their knowledge and practical skills in the creation of three-dimensional objects from a given material in a short period of time. The method of this study is based on the analysis of the results of work performed by students, tracking the effectiveness and efficiency of this method. The scientific novelty of the research is the search and selection of methodological problems that can be solved by students in a limited period of study. This restriction is consistent with the spirit of the modern rhythm of the creative process, and mobilizes and activates the artistic potential of the student-designer to solve creative problems.
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