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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Architecture and design" > Contents of Issue є 03/2017
Contents of Issue є 03/2017
Philosophy of architecture
Spektor D.M. - Notes on space pp. 1-12

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2017.3.25180

Abstract: The subject of this research is space in the new meaning acquired in the late XX century, gradually substituting the exclusively occupying philosophy “time”. This process is far from being completed, as this research makes no pretense on the finality of conclusions, first and foremost charting the new approached to understanding, leaning on the philosophy of space, history of its creation, particular organoleptics, bodily allusions and initial differentiation, to which are referred the specificities of the sacred and the secular. Method of research is based on analysis and reconstruction of the concepts of “space”, tracing of its archaic origins and logics of its establishment, which besides the acquisition of depth, juxtaposing the previous dimensions of the “sublime” and “earth” with differentiations of the “capital” and virtual. The scientific novelty lies in revelation of genesis of the spatial categories, particularly the criticism of fairly influential representations concerning the “externalization” and “alienation” of space. Reference to the actual history demonstrate that space begins from the “alienation” of human “essence” from a separate individual-body, its subordination to the logics of the universal being. As the latter releases from metaphysical allusion, it must be considered in own completion, such mechanism that appear on one hand as spatial (combination of the appointed places: temple, palace, square, city), and on the other – space of the machines and mechanisms of modernity and compatibility of the action.
Urban development and society
Muftakhova A.N. - Divergence in priority tasks in providing the citizens of the Russian Federation with affordable and comfortable housing in terms of transformation of housing fund pp. 13-19

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2017.3.25623

Abstract: Housing sphere is the paramount sphere of social development, which is responsible for satisfying the housing needs. The level of accommodation of such need is one of the main indicators of the development of social system, objective and subjective welfare. This is namely why the problems of development and reform of the housing sphere always remains socially important and acute. Examination of the problems of satisfaction of housing needs, housing stratification and social inequality in housing sphere alongside the contradictions in development of this sphere are essentially just beginning. The author believes that the analysis of contradictory trends in development of the housing sphere will be a substantial contribution into the research of the current Russian housing sphere, as well as formulation of practical recommendations aimed at improvement of housing policy and its implementation. The article emphasized the most significant trends in transformation of housing sphere in the Russian Federation, as well as the discrepancy in the processes of their realization. The author substantiates the need for accounting the positive experience of Western countries regarding the minimization of social inequality in housing sphere. Attention is focused on the presence of inconsistencies in the agenda of State Program “Providing the Citizens of the Russian Federation with Affordable and Comfortable Housing and Utility Services”, the result of which is the limitation of citizens’ right to satisfaction of the housing need.
Modern architecture
Kirichkov I. - The legacy of deconstructivism pp. 20-30

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2017.3.26080

Abstract: The process of architectural morphogenesis remains far from being completed. This article considers the phenomenon of deconstructivism, its evolution in Russia and worldwide, current state of the objects of deconstructivism, peculiarities of their preservation, and people's perception. It is expected that this work will allow to more precisely determine the role and importance of the objects of deconstructivism from the perspective of evolution of the world culture, as well as form a clearer position regarding their protection. Relevance of the article is substantiated primarily by the lack of accurate approaches towards solution of the problems associated with the preservation of architectural environment. The research method is  defined by the analysis of deconstructivist objects in terms of granting them a status of cultural heritage, as well as the analysis of opinions of the experts in the area of architecture. The great majority of buildings, designed in accordance with the concepts of deconstructivism, are unique in its kind, as well as contain the spatial planning, structural, and urban development solutions. The author underlines that the current condition of some of the deconstructivist objects causes a severe concern. The history of world architecture knows multiple examples of the loss of cultural objects, which were not referred to the list of the objects of cultural heritage for various reasons.
Synthesis of arts
Safonova E.V. - УTextileФ plasticity in postmodern architecture pp. 31-38

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2017.3.22768

Abstract: The subject of this research is the innovations in the area of architectural morphogenesis of the last decade of XX – beginning of the XXI centuries. The object of this research of interaction between the architecture, design, and other types of visual and plastic arts, which found reflection in the so-called “textile” plasticity of postmodern architecture. The article examines the principle of “textile” plasticity as a morphogenic method, a new strategy of architecture with the curvilinear, flexible geometry of folded structure. The article explores the rich internal connections of the diverse types of art, which play an irreplaceable role in emergence of a new artistic language of architecture. Methodology of the research is defined by analysis of the ideas of Western architects-experimentalists, Western and Russian theoreticians of postmodern architecture, deconstructivism, and nonlinear architecture. A conclusion is made that the interaction between arts and technologies activates the search for new basis of the architectural creativity, particularly the “textile” plasticity in architecture.  The considered architectural projects and ideas force have a new perspective on the interaction and interinfluence of the various types of art on the basis of modern computer technologies.
Cultural heritage
Gorelova Y.R. - The visual appearance of Soviet Omsk in the 1930Тs: architectural realities and cultural context pp. 39-50

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2017.3.25438

Abstract: The object of this study is the architectural environment of Omsk in the 1930’s. The subject of this study is the evolution of the architectural environment of Soviet Omsk throughout the 1930’s in conjunction with the historical-cultural context and historical-architectural process. The author analyzes both, the national trends and the regional specificity of the subject. Moreover, the development of the architectural environment of Omsk is analyzed in relation to the world and national architectural-artistic process, transformations in the stylistic orientation of architecture. Along with examination of the special scientific literature, the author studies the memoir sources that allow characterizing the people’s perception of evolution of the visual appearance of the environment. The results of research characterize the development of architectural environment of the large Siberian cities (using the example of Omsk) during the period of establishment of the Soviet Empire (in the 1930’s) in conjunction with the historical-cultural and architectural-artistic contexts. The author analyzes the situation in the area of residential and industrial construction, as well as characterizes the key public buildings. The application of memoir sources allow demonstrating the assessment by urban population of the development of quality of the architectural environment.
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