Статья '"Нужно иметь одинаковый закон, который бы определил, что есть город": рецензия на монографию А.В. Белова "Реформа города Екатерины II (по материалам губерний Центральной России)". М.-СПб.: Центр гуманитарных инициатив, 2019. 613 с. ' - журнал 'Архитектура и дизайн' - NotaBene.ru
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Architecture and design

“There should be a single law to define what a city is”: a review of the monograph by A. V. Belova "Reform of the City of Catherine II (based on materials from the provinces of Central Russia). M.-SPb .: Center for Humanitarian Initiatives, 2019, 613 p.

Boltaevskii Andrei Andreevich

PhD in History

associate professor of the Department of Philosophical and Socio-Humanitarian Disciplines at Moscow State University of Food Production

129085, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Godovikova, 9, stroenie 25

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The subject of this article is a monographic research of the Senior Scientific Associate of the Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences A. V. Belova, which is focused on the large-scale transformations that took place in urban life of the Russian Empire during the reign of Catherine II. The author of the monograph seeks to characterize the reforms based on the example of four provinces of Central Russia: Moscow, Yaroslavl, Vladimir, and Kaluga. This work vastly uses published and unpublished sources, as well as a significant array of research literature. The peer-reviewed work leans on the principles of historicism, reliability, objectivity; methodological framework includes systematic approach and comparative method. The scientific novelty of the study lies in the fact that the author attempts to give comprehensive characteristics to preparation, implementation and consequences of the city reform carried out by the Empress Catherine, attracting the materials from four Russian “indigenous” provinces. The author believes that despite certain doubts of both, contemporaries and future historians, especially of the liberal school, namely the reforms of Catherine the Great laid the foundations for the fundamentally new type of a city that met the requirements of the time.

Keywords: beautification, economy, administration, contradictions, Central Russia, Catherine the Great, reform, city, achievement, experience
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Demoskop Weekly. 2004. № 163-164 [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL:http://www.demoscope.ru/weekly/2004/0163/barom01.php (data obrashcheniya: 08.02.2020).
Ni k selu, ni k gorodu [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/2827541 (data obrashcheniya: 08.02.2020).
Belov A.V. Evolyutsiya i kachestvennye kharakteristiki russkogo goroda (po materialam entsiklopedicheskikh izdanii) // Stolitsa i provintsiya v otechestvennoi i vsemirnoi istorii. T. 1. Tula, 2004. S. 187 – 193.
Belov A.V. Reformy Ekateriny II i russkii gorod: naselenie i gorodovye obyvateli // Prepodavanie istorii v shkole. 2011. № 4. S. 15-20.
Belov A.V. Reformy Ekateriny II i russkii gorod: upravlenie i samoupravlenie // Prepodavanie istorii v shkole. 2011. № 5. s. 26-31.
Belov A.V. Moskva i uezdnye goroda vtoroi stolichnoi gubernii na iskhode pravleniya Ekateriny II: reforma goroda. M.: FGBOU VO «RGU im. A.N. Kosygina», 2018. 332 s.
Belov A.V. Reforma goroda Ekateriny II (po materialam gubernii Tsentral'noi Rossii). M.-SPb.: Tsentr gumanitarnykh initsiativ, 2019. 613 s.
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