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Architecture and design
Reference:

Historical development of regulations for the design of preschool educational establishments
Artemev Konstantin Romanovich

Architectural Engineer of II category, Territorial City Planning Institute “Krasnoyarskgrazhdanproekt”

660025, Russia, Krasnoyarskii Krai oblast', g. Krasnoyarsk, pr. Krasnoyarskii rabochii, 126, kab. 303

ja-ja-ja@list.ru

Abstract.

This article aims examine and analyze the main changes occurred in the regulatory framework for the design of children's institutions. The author demonstrates that on one hand, the emergence of sanitary and epidemic requirements improves the ecological condition of the territories of children's institutions, while on the other –  it reduces the standards imposed on the maintenance and equipment of such facilities. This leads to the fact that the pivotal role in the arranging interesting and diverse recreational area for the children in preschool educational establishment (PEE) is entrusted to the designers, management, and employees of PEE. The main research methods contain determination, comparison and analysis of several regulation that have been historically applied in designing of the preschool educational establishments. The uniqueness of the subject of research, namely the evolution of requirements towards designing of territory of the preschool educational establishment, defines the scientific novelty of this study. The author examines the origins and development of the terms “childcare center” (day care, nursery, preschool educational establishments); highlights the main stages in formation of childcare centers in Russia; explores the normative sources of various years that determine the historical trends (in form of a comparison chart) of changes in the regulatory framework for the design of PEE, as well as the requirements that underwent minor changes. The article reveals the primary trend in evolution of regulations for the design of childcare centers: sanitary rules and regulations contain not only the rules for the design, but also the description of sanitary and epidemic requirements (with regards to safety) for proper care and health maintenance of the children.

Keywords: design regulations, kindergarten, kindergartens history, preschool territory, landscaping kindergartens, preschool design, SNiP, SanPiN, master plan, PEO

DOI:

10.7256/2585-7789.2018.4.30066

Article was received:

24-06-2019


Review date:

24-06-2019


Publish date:

26-06-2019


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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