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MAIN PAGE > Journal "NB: Administrative Law and Administration Practice" > Rubric "Public service, municipal service and issues in the fight against corruption"
Public service, municipal service and issues in the fight against corruption
Polukarov A.V. - On the issue of the improvement of administrative measures of combating corruption in the social sphere pp. 22-34

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2016.4.18950

Abstract: The research subject is legal regulation of the improvement of combating corruption in the social sphere. The topicality of this issue can be explained by the fact that at present corruption in the social sphere causes special concerns, since in this sphere it infringes on social relations protecting the fundamentals of the social sphere of the society. In particular, it is about the protection of citizens in difficult situation, children, disabled people, and the issues of health. The author substantiates the necessity to strengthen combating corruption and implementation of the combating corruption national plan by all administrative means. The author suggests developing the monitoring of implementation of the regulation on combating corruption, thus increasing the effectiveness of combating corruption in this sphere and strengthening the preventive function of administrative law. The research methodology is based on the recent achievements in epistemology. The author applies general philosophical and theoretical methods (dialectics, the system method, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation and modeling), traditional methods of jurisprudence (formal-logical) and the methods of specific sociological research (statistical, expert assessments, etc.). The author concludes that at present, in order to ensure legality in the social sphere, it is necessary to improve forms and methods of information support of combating corruption in the social sphere and the control over property of the social sector employees. The author asserts that it is necessary to develop legal regulation of combating corruption. The scientific novelty of the study consists in the proposals about the development of forms and methods of combating corruption in the social sphere. 
Kabanov P.A. - Anti-corruption education in the territorial units of the Russian Federation: the experience of legal regulation of organization and the prospects of development pp. 35-55

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2016.4.19728

Abstract: The research subject is anti-corruption education as an instrument of combating corruption in the territorial units of the Russian Federation. The purpose of the research is the assessment of the condition of anti-corruption education in the territorial units of the Russian Federation and the development of proposals (recommendations) for the improvement of application of this instrument in anti-corruption activities of local authorities. The main tasks of the study are: a) the analysis of regional anti-corruption legislation and subordinate statutory instruments regulating the issues of organization and implementation of anti-corruption education; b) the assessment of regional statutory instruments regulating the issues of organization and implementation of anti-corruption education; c) the development of proposals for the improvement of legal regulation of the issues of organization and implementation of anti-corruption education and its practices. The research methodology includes dialectical materialism and general scientific methods of analysis, synthesis, grouping, comparison, and other methods used in legal sciences. The scientific novelty of the study consists in the fact that it is the first study in Russian legal science which considers the issues of legal regulation of anti-corruption education as an instrument of corruption prevention on the local level. The author detects the drawbacks of its legal regulation and organization of anti-corruption education and proposes the measures for the further development of the anti-corruption education institution. 
Kabanov P.A. - Legal regulation of the activities of the Expert Council under the Presidential Anti-Corruption Directorate pp. 37-48

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2014.5.12681

Abstract: The subject of the research is evaluation of legal regulation of the activities of a special federal anti-corruption body - the Expert Council under the Presidential Anti-Corruption Directorate. The main tasks of the research are:a) evaluation of legal regulation of the activities of a special federal anti-corruption body - the Expert Council under the Presidential Anti-Corruption Directorate;b) elaboration of recommendations on the enhancement of legal regulation of the activities of a special federal anti-corruption body - the Expert Council under the Presidential Anti-Corruption Directorate. The methodology of the research is based on the universal dialectical method of social reality cognition, and some general scientific methods (analysis, synthesis, comparison, etc.). The scientific originality consists of the fact that the author is the first who considers legal regulation of the activities of a special federal anti-corruption body - the Expert Council under the Presidential Anti-Corruption Directorate, and offers the ways of its development. Particularly, the author suggests amending the Statute of the Expert Council under the Presidential Anti-Corruption Directorate with the norms about the grounds for the Council reorganization and abolition, and exclusion of its members, about the status of external experts, and about the legal status of the Council’s decisions. 
Kabanov P.A. - Anti-corruption awareness: concept, content, conditions of formation pp. 38-54

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2016.2.18846

Abstract: The purpose of the research is to form the general idea of anti-corruption awareness, its content, the conditions of formation, and the measures of improvement. The research tasks are: the analysis of statutory acts of various levels (federal, regional, municipal, local) regulating the issues of formation of anti-corruption awareness of the population and various social groups; the development of scientific (doctrinal) legal definition of anti-corruption awareness; the disclosure of the legal essence of anti-corruption awareness as a form of anti-corruption activity; the detection of the main conditions of anti-corruption awareness formation; the disclosure of obstacles to the formation of anti-corruption awareness; the formulation of measures of anti-corruption awareness provision. The research methodology is based on dialectical materialism and the related general scientific methods of cognition: analysis, synthesis, comparison, and other methods used in the contemporary legal science. The author formulates the legal definition of anti-corruption awareness, defines its forms and the conditions of its formation, reveals the main obstacles to its formation, and offers the particular methods of anti-corruption awareness provision in the contemporary Russian society. 
Polukarov A.V. - Forms of corruption offences at the municipal level of administrative regulation of the social sphere pp. 39-52

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2016.5.19717

Abstract: The research subject is the problem of application of administrative anti-corruption measures at the municipal level of regulation of the social sphere. This problem is caused by legal and organizational problems, occurring during the implementation of anti-corruption legislation at the municipal level of regulation of social relations. The topicality of this issue is conditioned by the fact that the struggle against corruption is especially significant in the social sphere, since it influences the quality and the duration of life.The author substantiates the necessity to increase the effectiveness of anti-corruption administrative measures in the social sphere. On the ground of the research, the author suggests to improve anti-corruption mechanisms in the social sphere. The research methodology is based on the recent achievements in epistemology. The author applies general philosophical and theoretical methods (dialectics, the system method, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation and modeling), the traditional methods of jurisprudence (formal-logical), and the methods of sociological studies (statistical methods, expert assessments, etc.). The author concludes that at present, to maintain law and order in the social sphere, it is necessary to improve the quality of various administrative anti-corruption measures in the social sphere. The author states the necessity to improve the quality of anti-corruption measures in the social sphere. 
But S.S. - Administrative legal means for fighting corruption in the customs bodies. pp. 40-50

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2014.4.12221

Abstract: The article points out topicality of the problems regarding fighting corruption offences. The author especially points out the public danger of corruption offences in the customs bodies of the Russian Federation, providing delictological, social and legal characteristics of corruption, providing a legal definition.  The author discusses topical issues and modern administrative legal mechanisms for fighting corruption within the system of state service of the Russian Federation. The author analyzes the administrative legal norms of anti-corruption legislation, which are formed in accordance with the modern legislative tendencies. The author then makes a conclusion that criminal law methods alone are not sufficient for the efficient fight against the corruption offences.  The author evaluates the perspectives of implementation of administrative law norms in the sphere of fighting corruption in the customs bodies of the Russian Federation. In the course of the research the author makes a conclusion on the formation of the system of administrative legal norms in the sphere of fighting corruption. The article contains analysis of some federal laws and decrees of the President of the Russian Federation containing anti-corruption norms.  The author proposes to develop the provisions of federal anti-corruption legislation in the departmental legal acts.
Kabanov P.A. - Anti-corruption monitoring in a municipal unit: legal regulation, organization and implementation. pp. 44-53

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2013.6.9016

Abstract: The author employs comparative legal method in order to study the topical issues of legal regulation, organization and implementation (performance) of anti-corruption monitoring in municipal units of the constituent subjects of the Russian Federation. As a result of the study it was established that in most of the municipal units there are no fundamentals for the legal regulation of anti-corruption monitoring at a municipal level, providing for clear descriptions of objects, subjects, methods, procedures and other issues regarding its performance.  Moreover, the existing municipal normative legal acts on organization and implementation of municipal anti-corruption monitoring have no unified title and structure of a final document, formed as a result of the anti-corruption monitoring in a municipal unit by the competent municipal bodies.  As a result the author draws a conclusion that it is necessary to form a prototype (model) municipal normative legal act regulating the issues of organization and performance of anti-corruption monitoring in a municipal unit based on which municipal normative acts in this sphere of anti-corruption activities could be adopted.
Kabanov P.A. - Annual report on the results of anti-corruption activities in the Russian region as the means of official anti-corruption informing: concept and content pp. 44-63

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2015.6.18409

Abstract: The research subject is the annual reports on the results of anti-corruption activities in Russian regions. The research object is the content of annual reports on the results of anti-corruption activities in the regions of the Russian Federation, and the statutory instruments of Russian regions regulating their preparation and promulgation. The research is aimed at defining the legal content of annual reports on the results of anti-corruption activities in Russian regions. The research tasks are:-          To analyze the statutory instruments regulating the preparation of annual reports on the results of anti-corruption activities in the regions of the Russian Federation.-          To develop the legal definition of an annual report on the results of anti-corruption activities in the Russian region and the related definitionsThe research methodology is based on the dialectical materialism and the related general scientific methods of cognition: analysis, synthesis, comparison, and others. The scientific novelty of the study lies in the analysis of the content and legal regulation of preparation and promulgation of annual reports on the results of anti-corruption activities in Russian regions, and the development of scientific categories of “an annual report on anti-corruption activities of the region of the Russian Federation” and “official anti-corruption informing about the results of fight against corruption”.
Ivanova V.G. - Anti-corruption Monitoring as a Legal Category of Regional Anti-corruption Legislation: Concept, Content, and Role pp. 48-76

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2016.1.18677

Abstract: The research subject covers the statutory instruments of the Russian Federation regulating the problems of organization and realization of anti-corruption monitoring. The research purpose is the characteristics and the analysis of anti-corruption monitoring as an anti-corruption instrument. The research tasks are: to analyze the maximum number of regional statutory instruments containing the description of the anti-corruption monitoring idea; to reveal the similar wordings; to develop the proposals about formulating a legal definition of anti-corruption monitoring as a universal legal category. The research methodology is based on the universal dialectical approach to the study of social phenomena and processes, and the related general scientific methods – analysis and comparison, widely applied in the Russian legal science. The scientific novelty of the study lies in the analysis of legal regulation of anti-corruption monitoring in the regions of the Russian Federation. The author defines institutional subjects involved in anti-corruption monitoring realization. The author formulates the characteristics and carries out the analysis of legal approaches to the concept of “anti-corruption monitoring” in the current anti-corruption legislation of the regions of the Russian Federation, leading to the understanding and interpretation of the role of anti-corruption monitoring, which is reasonable, since anti-corruption monitoring is considered from various positions on the base of different aims, directions, features, forms, and types. 
Lavrent'eva O.O. - Control in the system of public service as means for fighting corruption. pp. 51-73

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2014.4.12224

Abstract: It is known that corruption has a negative influence upon the development of economy and social infrastructure, it corrodes the state government and administration bodies in the first place.  Due to the corruption involving many state and public servants and officials the citizens are basically being pushed out the sphere of free-of-charge obligatory services in the spheres of education, healthcare, social gauarantees, free public educational, social and administrative services become paid services for them. The methodological basis for the scientific article was formed by the current achievements of the theory of cognition. In the process of studies the author used general philosophical, theoretical and empiric methods (dialectics, systemic method, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation, modeling), traditional legal methods ( formal logic method), and methods typical for specific sociological studies (statistical, expert evaluation, etc.).   For the control to be the efficient means for fighting corruption in the sphere of public service in the Russian Federation it is necessary for such control to become a constant activity of all of the state government bodies.  It is necessary to form a specialized system of control involving all of the aspects of public civil service. It is necessary to make control accessible for the public, in addition, control as means of prevention and interception of corruption in the state service system should be based on the current legislation, excluding arbitrary activities of the controlling structures.
Kurakin A.V. - International and administrative law and fighting corruption within the system of public civil service. pp. 53-81

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2014.1.11051

Abstract: In the modern social, economic and political situation, the Russian Federation is now facing many threats and challenges. One of the problems, which forms a significant obstacle in the way of many public reforms, violates rights and lawful interests of natural persons and legal entities interacting with the government administration bodies is the corruption.  This problem influenced the public interests throughout the history of development of human civilization and statehood.  Due to corruption many empires have fallen and the fundamentals of state sovereignty of many states were undermined, great moral and material damage was caused. That is why for the sake of its own survival the state government has to fight this negative social and legal matter, which undermines its fundamentals and makes the system of state administration inefficient.  It is noted in the article that the membership of the Russian Federation in the number of international organizations puts on it many international legal obligations, including those in the sphere of fighting corruption in the public service system.
Kurakin A.V., Yulegina E.I. - Administrative regulations on performance of state functions and providing state services in the sphere of anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts and their drafts. pp. 54-82

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2013.6.9040

Abstract: The article concerns legal and organizational problems regarding implementation of administrative regulations in the sphere of anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts and their drafts, and based upon the analysis the authors make propositions for the improvement of relevant procedures.  It is noted in the article that currently the potential of  anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts and their drafts is being underestimated within the mechanism of fighting corruption. One  of the most important directions for improvement of efficiency of administrative activities of the state government bodies and is introduction of administrative regulations into their law-enforcement activities. Administrative regulations  and the procedures implemented according to them should considerably improve the quality of the activities of the state government and administration bodies, and they should create an optimum regime of relations between the officials and the persons, who addressed these bodies for public services.  Administrative regulations also facilitate improvement of performance of public functions, organization of interaction between executive government bodies and other interested subject, in particular, within the framework of public-private partnership. Additionally, the administrative regulations may and should facilitate fight against corruption and abuse of official position by the officials of various government and administrative bodies.
Polukarov A.V. - Administrative-legal regulation of anti-corruption monitoring in the social sphere in the Russian Federation pp. 55-62

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2016.2.18865

Abstract: The research subject is legal regulation of anti-corruption monitoring in the social sphere. The topicality of this problem is determined by the fact that nowadays corruption in the social sphere arouses particular concern, since it threatens social relations protecting the fundamentals of the social sphere of the society, in particular, the protection of citizens, including those in need, children, and physically challenged persons, and the protection of health. The author substantiates the necessity to enhance by all legal means struggle against corruption in the implementation of the national anti-corruption plan. The author suggests developing the monitoring of anti-corruption legislation implementation thus stimulating a more effective struggle against corruption in this sphere and enhancing the preventive function of administrative law. The research methodology is based on the recent achievements in epistemology. The author applies general philosophical and theoretical methods (dialectics, the system method, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation, and modeling), traditional legal methods (formal-logical), and the methods of specific sociological studies (statistical, expert assessments, etc.). The author concludes that at present, in order to ensure legality in the social sphere, it is necessary to improve the forms and methods of anti-corruption monitoring. The author states that it is necessary to develop legal regulation of struggle against corruption and offers the ways of development of forms and methods of anti-corruption monitoring and guaranteeing legality in the social sphere. 
Budai S.N., Kozlov T.L., Ilii S.K. - Theory and practice of interaction between executive bodies and law-enforcement bodies in the sphere of fighting corruption. pp. 59-157

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2013.3.634

Abstract: The article is devoted to the topical issues of organization of interaction between the federal executive bodies and law-enforcement bodies in the sphere of fighting corruption. Organization of efficient and consistent cooperation between the law-enforcement bodies and federal executive bodies is an efficient means of prevention, revealing and interception of corruption manifestations and bringing those guilty to responsibility established by law.  The authors discuss the definition of the cooperation in this sphere based upon the analysis of normative legal acts, establish it s goals and aims, clarify its principles, and based upon the practice they show the most efficient forms of cooperation, showing the ways for the improvement of cooperation organization. The list of forms of cooperation provided in this article is not limited.  The continuing process of improvement of legislation in the anti-corruption sphere requires all of the interested parties to have more active cooperation, intensive search and introduction into practice of the novel approaches towards organization of this sphere of joint activity, and it also requires permanent contact with the municipal bodies and civil society institutions. The authors suppose that the presented materials may be of use for the organization of the said cooperation in practical work.
Kabanov P.A. - Legal linguistic uncertainty as an object for the anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts and drafts of normative legal acts. pp. 61-71

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2014.3.12055

Abstract: The object of the scientific research is legal linguistic uncertainty as a corruption-generating factor, while also being an an object for the anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts and drafts of normative legal acts according to the current Russian anti-corruption legislation. The subject field of studies includes certain types of legal linguistic uncertainty, such as semantic linguistic uncertainty, hidden linguistic uncertainty, other types of uncertainty, which need to be terminated within the other types of expertise, such as linguistic and legal expertise.  The main methodological approach within the studies is dialectic materialism and the general and specific scientific methods of legal reality cognition. The article for the first time in the Russian legal literature regards the phenomenon of legal linguistic uncertainty as a comprehensive legal, philological and anti-corruption problem, the author establishes and describes types of its manifestations  (semantic, latent). The author defines legal fundamentals for the neutralization of this corruption-generating factor in the modern Russian lawmaking, and he also supports the proposal of Russian scholars on the formation of the novel scientific direction and expert practice in the sphere of anti-corruption legal linguistic expertise.
Kostennikov M.V. - On the issue of fighting corruption in police. pp. 66-73

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2013.12.1070

Abstract: The article discusses organization measures regarding fighting corruption in the service activities of the police officers. The authors offer measures in order to minimize the corruption offences within the state administration system. It is stated that corruption in the activities of the internal affairs bodies facilitates the development of organized crime, forms the basis for development of extremism and terrorism, complicates public state reforms, which are currently ongoing in Russia. The authors single out a number of offences, forming preconditions for corruption in the police.  The authors also single out a number of factors provoking corruption processes in the internal affairs bodies, as well as in other executive bodies.  It is noted that corruption may manifest itself with the violations of financial, information, and administrative law.  The authors offer some tactical actions, aimed at the weakening the corruption threat in the internal affairs bodies. The conclusion is made that complex use of all of the measures against the corrosive influence of corruption in the internal affairs bodies may considerably ease the situation, which is currently becoming more and more threatening.
Slepkova O.A. - Definition and specific features of anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts and drafts of normative legal acts in the Federal Customs Service of the Russian Federation. pp. 73-84

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2014.2.10998

Abstract: The article concerns specific features of anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts and drafts of normative legal acts in the Federal Customs Service of the Russian Federation.  Anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts and drafts of normative legal acts serves as the mechanism for the improvement of quality of legislation, it facilitates abolishment of legislative defects, which may cause corruption offences. It is noted that the quality of legal act is significantlly dependent upon the efficiency of the anti-corruption expertise, and so is its role as a regulator of social relations, and application of the mechanism of anti-corruption expertise at the stage of drafting of a normative legal act is significant.  Topicality of this issue is due to it being a topic of much discussion and lack of relevant studies within the theory of administrative law.  The author analyzes various views of scientists on defining anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts and drafts of normative legal acts. The author singles out characteristic features of  anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts and drafts of normative legal acts in the Federal Customs Service of the Russian Federation. Based upon her study the author offers her own definition of anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts and drafts of normative legal acts in the Federal Customs Service of the Russian Federation.
Komakhin B.N. - Administrative Regulation of Civil Servants' Activities in Terms of Innovation-Based Development pp. 79-87

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2013.9.9926

Abstract: The article is devoted to legal and organizational problems of improving activity of civil servants as a part of innovation-based development of the country under the conditions of modernization of the Russian economy. In this regard it is necessary to develop the legislation on public service. It is said that compliance to new conditions and requirements has become one of the central goals of reformation of public service today. It is noted that efficient administrative activities with personnel should be the most important principle of management. The important precondition of increase of efficiency of innovative activity in Russia is the implementation of the innovation policy by public service and officers of the executive authorities of the Russian Federation and its constituents. The list of measures which are realized according to Strategy of Innovative Development is provided. It is said that these measures involve efficient usage of the best international practices and experience in supporting innovation activities. Establishment of new structures on the basis of innovative legal relations of officers and their research is an objective goal for administrative and legal science.
Shurukhnova D.N. - Control over property status and financial situation as a measure against corruption. pp. 83-98

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2013.6.9459

Abstract: The article is devoted to the issues of application of measures aimed at corruption prophylactics, and in particular, to the control over financial situation and property status of public servants and persons holding public office by the state. The author follows the history of formation and development of measures for control over property status and financial situation of public servants and other persons in the Russian legislation. The author analyzes normative legal acts, establishing anti-corruption prophylactic measures for control by the state over property status and financial situation of state servants and other persons, showing the main normative regulation tendencies in this sphere. The author establishes the influence of international law on the formation of the national Russian legislation in the sphere of fighting corruption. The conclusion is made that improvement of legal regulation in the sphere of fighting corruption is directed at the stricter control by the state over the activities of public officials and persons holding public offices, and over their property status and financial situation in particular.
But S.S. - The System of Anti-Corruption Measures of Administrative Law at Customs Authorities of the Russian Federation pp. 88-98

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2013.9.10137

Abstract: The author of the article underlines importance of problems of counteraction to corruption offenses. Public danger of corruption offenses in customs authorities of the Russian Federation is especially emphasized. The delictological, social and legal description of corruption is given, the legal definition is used. Topical issues and modern administrative legal mechanisms of counteraction of corruption in the system of public service of the Russian Federation are considered. The administrative rules of law of anti-corruption character caused by current legislative trends are analyzed. The author of article draws a conclusion about insufficiency of criminal and legal methods for effective counteraction to corruption offenses. Prospects of right application of administrative rules of law in the sphere of counteraction of corruption in customs authorities of the Russian Federation are estimated. During work the conclusion about formation of system of administrative rules of law in the sphere of counteraction of corruption is drawn. The analysis of some federal laws and decrees of the President of the Russian Federation containing standards of anti-corruption nature is made. Development of provisions of the federal anti-corruption legislation in departmental regulations is offered.
Nekrasova T.A. - Legal regulation of fighting corruption in the private sphere. pp. 106-125

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2013.8.9928

Abstract: The article concerns criminal and near-criminal spheres of corruption manifestations in the private law sphere. The author provides the typology of corruption acts and delicts in the private law sector and analyzes their consequences.  The author also analyzes the social legal nature of corruption in the private law sphere.  She evaluates historic roots, which have caused a gap in the law-enforcement approaches towards fighting corruption in public and private spheres. The author notes many disproportions in legislative and law-enforcement approaches in private and public spheres.  She also defines the sphere of manifestation of corruption in private sector, providing corruptive schemes, which the business uses to guarantee profits and development. She evaluates the methods of bad faith business acts in the sphere of order placement, licensing and other permissive procedures. The author also describes the unlawful relations with the representatives of business structures and corporate raiding.  The article also contains analysis of corruption inside companies - in the  sphere of placement of orders and cadres, the author describes the forms of corruption interaction of representatives of public government and business. Based upon the studies, the author makes propositions for the amendments into the current legislation.
Ageev V.N. - Legal Measures and Mechanisms of Corruption Management pp. 112-134
Abstract: The author of the article stresses out that corruptio management in the sphere of civil service is one of the core elements of the anti-corruption mechanism in general. The most efficient methods of corruption management are the legal methods. Anti-corruption laws in the sphere of civil service are aimed at strengthening restrictions for state authorities and upgrading of penalties and liabilities for corruption crime. The author also underlines the importance of preventive anti-corruption measures. 
Kurakin A.V. - Administrative legal aspects of legal responsibility within the mechanism of fighting corruption in public service in the Russian Federation. pp. 137-157

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2013.7.9954

Abstract: Currently most of official documents on social, economic, political development of state and fighting crime mention corruption. Special attention was paid to corruption in the Address of the President of the Russian Federation to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation in 2012. However, the wide-spread discussion and condemnation of corruption, recognition of its negative influence on economics, entrepreneurship, development of investment process and social infrastructure of the state do not resolve the problem.  The anti-corruption legislation did not bring expected results in the sphere of fighting corruption yet.  According to the data of Transparency International Russia has 28 points in corruption assessment, and it had placed 133rd of 176. In the rating of the rule-of-law states formed  by the World Justice Project Russia had 85th place out of 97. As the experts of the INDEM foundation note, corruption is a main and most dynamically growing sector of Russian economy, which chases any business starting from its registration to the takeover by officials or bankruptcy.  The annual income from corruption was over two times larger than the summary income of export of raw old, oil products and gas.  Corruption in Russia is regarded as a normal situation in the relations between citizens, business and state, rather than a deviation from moral and legal rules.
Ageev V.N. - Legal Anti-Corruption Measures Undertaken in the Republic of Tatarstan pp. 146-169

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2013.1.356

Abstract: The author of the article defines the legal anti-corruption measures in the Republic of Tatarstan. To the author's opinion, the most efficient anti-corruption measures are legal measures. Special attention is paid at the issues of corruption management in the sphere of civil service. The author also analyzes the experience of anti-corruption legislation in the Republic of Tatarstant and offers certain ways of improvement of the anti-corruption policy there. 
Dmitriev D.A., Kudashkin A.V. - Anti-corruption expertise by prosecution bodies. Issues of improvement of legal regulation. pp. 158-177

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2013.3.710

Abstract: The article provides solutions for some problems regarding legal regulation of anti-corruption expertise of legal acts and drafts of normative legal acts by the prosecutors of the Russian Federation. The practice of holding anti-corruption expertise by prosecution bodies starting since 2008 has revealed a number of problems, and solving this problems shall allow for greater efficiency of such expertise. For example, neither the Civil Procedural Code of the Russian Federation, nor the Administrative Procedural Code of the Russian Federation provide for the procedural mechanism for claims by prosecutors for the amendments into normative legal acts in order to exclude corruptogenic factors.  In order to prevent the possible corruption consequences the author offers to provide prosecutors with the right to demand gathering of an extraordinary session of a legislative (representative) body in order to examine the request of the prosecutor to amend a normative legal act in order to exclude corruptogenic factors.  The article also contains discussion on the issue of widening the scope of object and immediate object of the anti-corruption expertise by the prosecution of the Russian Federation.  
Kostennikov M.V., Kurakin A.V., Kalita I.A. - Public Prosecution Office and Anti-Corruption Enforcement pp. 166-186

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2013.10.9929

Abstract: The authors of the article study legal and organizational problems of anti-corruption enforcement conducted by the public prosecution office. They view forms and methods of anti-corruption enforcement carried out by the public prosecution authorities and describe peculiarities of prosecution activities in this sphere. It is said that in order to increase efficiency of anti-corruption measures it is necessary to expand the official definition of corrupion so that it includes a whole range of acts related to violation of ethics of official behavior and staff protectionism. The authors suggest to establish special anti-corruption prosecution offices. When conducting prosecutor's supervision over fulfilment of legal anti-corruption requirements, special attention should be paid at obligation of state and municipal officers to inform the employer, prosecution office or other authorities when other persons try to pursuade them to commit acts of corruption. Based on the analysis of peculiarities of prosecution office activities, the authors of the article provide suggestions on how to improve anti-corruption legislation. 
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