NB: Administrative Law and Administration Practice
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "NB: Administrative Law and Administration Practice" > Rubric "Administrative law, municipal law and issues in education"
Administrative law, municipal law and issues in education
Kananykina E.S. - The US policy on decentralization of schooling. pp. 34-58

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2013.3.681

Abstract: According to the Xth Amendment to the US Constitution the functions of the federal government do not include control over education system and till recently it mostly was not involved in this sphere. The typical feature of modern America is the decrease of autonomy of regional and local education management bodies and schools. This is mostly due to the financial system.  The share of state federal allotments for education is growing, however, they are still lower than the sums assigned for states and educational districts. Of course, a decentralized system should provide a lot of space for development of local initiative, to ease various pedagogical experiments, and to provide better recognition of local educational specificities. But in theory decentralization process should not be opposed to strengthening the central government bodies.
Bukalerova L.A., Shagieva R.V. - On the necessity of formation of a centralized system of social control in the procedures of the federal state control over educational institutions pp. 89-105

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2014.6.14233

Abstract: The authors study the problem of formation of a centralized system of social control within the federal state control over educational institutions. Today it is understood that it is impossible to solve the key state issues by a simple legislative regulation or by means of government institutions resource. The more efficient solution of the urgent state problems can be achieved only by means of public control increase and non-profit sector and civil society institutions development. The subject of the research is the activity of the subjects of social control aimed at observation over the activities of public authorities, local governments, state and municipal organizations, other agencies and organizations in the sphere of education. The authors use a set of scientific and special methods of cognition of the socio-legal reality. The methodology of the research is based on the dialectical method with the inherent requirements of objectivity, comprehensiveness, historicism, concrete truth. The authors use the general scientific methods of analysis, synthesis, comparison, measurement, and the special scientific comparative-legal method.  The study reveals the typical errors of the existing regulations in the sphere of public control based on the fact that they have not taken into account the provisions of the new Federal Law of 21.07.2014 N 212-FZ "On the foundations of social control in the Russian Federation". The authors offer the creation of a standard regulation about the public council under the regional executive body of the Russian Federation authorized by the Russian Federation to exercise state control (supervision) over educational institutions.
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