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NB: Administrative Law and Administration Practice
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "NB: Administrative Law and Administration Practice" > Rubric "Debatable issues in administrative and municipal law"
Debatable issues in administrative and municipal law
Amelichkin A.V. - Peculiarities and Problems of the Administrative Status of Pedestrians at the Modern Stage of Road Traffic Safety pp. 15-20

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2018.3.27509

Abstract: The subject of the research is the system of legal relations in the field of road safety. The object of the research is the public relations arising between road users in the process of driving on roads, namely, the determination of the administrative and legal status of pedestrians who use electric scooters, gyroscooters, monowheels, segways for road traffic. The purpose of the work was to review the regulatory legal framework governing the field of road safety in terms of the definition of the concepts: pedestrian, vehicle and driver. The author examines the problems of the regulatory legal consolidation of the concept of a pedestrian vehicle and the determination of other features of the administrative and legal status of pedestrians using electric scooters, gyroscooters, monowheels and segway for movement. The author pays special attention to the contradiction between the existing standards in the field of road safety. The methodological basis of the work was: dialectical, historical, structurally systemic, comparative legal, statistical, formal logical and other methods widely used in legal science. The novelty of the work is determined by the need to improve public relations in the field of road safety. The author reveals the content and distinctive features of the administrative and legal status of individual road users. There is an author's definition of such categories as “pedestrian vehicle” and “driver of a pedestrian vehicle”. Ways to fill the legal gap in this matter are proposed. Scope of the results: the provisions of the work can be used in legislative activities of state bodies, law enforcement activities of law enforcement agencies, the educational process of educational organizations, scientific research of specialists in road safety issues, improvement of the branches of the Russian legal system.
Aristov E.V., Fakhrutdinova G.G. - Improving the Legal Regulation of Administrative Responsibility of Minors pp. 25-30

DOI:
10.7256/2306-9945.2018.2.26894

Abstract: The subject of the research is the theoretical and practical aspects of the implementation of the institution of administrative responsibility of minors. The object of the research is the system of social relations that is formed in the process of implementation of administrative and jurisdictional activities of authorized bodies in relation to minors. The author examines such aspects of the topic as legal regulation of the administrative responsibility of minors in law enforcement practice, discusses the features of administrative and jurisdictional activities of prevention subjects in the mechanism for preventing and combating juvenile delinquency, establishing the causes and conditions for their commission by adolescents on the basis of which proposals are being developed to improve legislation on administrative offenses concerning minors as the special subjects. Special attention is paid to the improvement of administrative legislation aimed at the effective prevention of juvenile delinquency. The methodological basis is the system of legal knowledge that defines the basic requirements for the process of knowledge. The researchers also use special research methods (observation, analysis of statistical and practical material). The main conclusions of the research are the consolidation of a separate chapter aimed at regulating administrative, i.e. jurisdictional relations with the participation of minors in the Administrative Offenses Code of the Russian Federation. In order to prevent juvenile delinquency, the author considers it appropriate to reduce the age of administrative responsibility of minors, which in turn will be educational in nature. In addition, the author notes the inadequacy of preventive measures by the subjects of prevention, which are mostly formal in nature and are not aimed at reducing the level of offenses committed by adolescents.
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